plastic design
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Imafronte ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Caner Turan

El estilo de pintura renacentista refleja todo tipo de principios, enfoques y comprensión del diseño plástico como un carácter estándar de las características históricas, políticas, religiosas, culturales y económicas de esa época. Al deshacerse de un tipo de perspectiva estricta y puramente centrada en la iglesia, los artistas del Renacimiento prácticamente comienzan a mirar la naturaleza, la ciencia, la literatura, la filosofía y, obviamente, la anatomía humana en un conjunto de mentes diferente. Una descripción razonable, equilibrada, científica y lógica de la vida humana lleva a los pintores a centrarse más en las partes del cuerpo humano. Aparte de los rostros de las figuras, las manos se convierten en partes esenciales del cuerpo para sujetar un espejo al universo interior de las figuras. Se incluyeron dentro del programa iconográfico tal que reflejaban las emociones y contemplaciones de la figura, y la conexión entre figuras y objetos. En este estudio, un examen a través de varias pinturas renacentistas arrojará luz sobre cómo los pintores como Giotto, Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Francesca y más utilizaron la representación de las manos como un aparato y como un lenguaje de sus propósitos creativos. Así, se manifestará una iconografía de manos en la pintura renacentista. Renaissance style of painting reflects all types of plastic design principles, approaches and understanding as a standard character of historical, political, religious, cultural, and economic features of that era. Disposing of unadulterated strict and church focused kind of perspective, Renaissance artists practically start to look on nature, science, literature, philosophy, and obviously human anatomy in a different set of minds. Reasonable, balanced, scientific and logical portrayal of human life leads painters to focus closer on pieces of the human body. Aside from the faces of the figures, hands become essential body parts to hold a mirror to the interior universe of the figures. They were included within the iconographic program such mirrored the emotions and contemplations of the figure, and the connection among figures and objects. In this study, an examination through various Renaissance paintings will shed light on how the painters like Giotto, Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Francesca, and more utilized the portrayal of hands as an apparatus and as a language of their creative purposes. Thusly, an iconography of hands in Renaissance painting will be manifested.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1197 (1) ◽  
pp. 012027
Sarosh Sheikh ◽  
S S Sanghai ◽  
Abhijeet Nardey

Abstract A review on Performance Based Plastic Design method (PBPD) for RCC building has been presented in this paper with detailed manner. The first is the study of Performance Based Plastic Design method relating with IS code method. And then secondly review includes the research gap that is to apply this method on Irregular Buildings and to observe the efficiency of Design and Cost analysis comparing to IS code recommendations. When a Structure is designed by IS Code (IS 456: 2000) recommendations, it satisfies the strength as well as serviceability standards. But when an earthquake hits the structure, it leads to collapse which leads to loss of life as well as property. A Recently developed PBPD method can be a promising & efficient seismic design approach as it counteract total collapse of structure. This method is becoming popular due to its total collapse prevention. The paper addressed the relevant examination of provisions as specified in the appropriate design standard and software-based finite element analysis conducted by various authors, as well as a review of the problem, in order to reach a meaningful conclusion for the study. Also, a suggestion for the scope of future development is to study the Design as well as Cost efficiency of Performance Based Plastic Design of Various Irregular RCC buildings which will be a new or important aspect of the study. Despite the fact that fewer papers have been published in this area than in others, this report covers a broad range of research efforts and progress into the New Performance based Plastic Design method & seismic behavior of irregular buildings, demonstrating the field’s growing interest.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 222-235
Helen Bartsch ◽  
Felix Eyben ◽  
Simon Schaffrath ◽  
Markus Feldmann

Structures ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 33 ◽  
pp. 4096-4111
Bo Zhang ◽  
Yuntian Wu ◽  
Qing Zhou ◽  
Jiulin Bai ◽  
Yeong-bin Yang

2021 ◽  
Vol 232 ◽  
pp. 111806
Beibei Li ◽  
Jingfeng Wang ◽  
Yuanqing Wang ◽  
Charalampos C. Baniotopoulos

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