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Riyun Khilmawati Maala

Equality before the law should be applied to all citizens impartially. However, there are still discriminatory cases against those who are in lower strata than others. So we need a legal revolution that guarantees the fulfillment of justice which is then used as a source in law enforcement practices, legal protections, and legal services for poor people or groups. In addition to Indonesia, the State of Malaysia is also trying to provide justice for all its citizens by trying to provide legal aid guarantees for its citizens who are experiencing legal problems but are not able to afford it economically. This research is intended to analyze the legal comparison of the implementation of legal aid in the State of Indonesia and the State of Malaysia for the sake of creating justice. The research also aims to find out what obstacles are encountered in the implementation of legal aid in the State of Indonesia and the State of Malaysia for the sake of creating justice.

Olif Skear Prabasini

The implementation of coaching prisoners, whether male, child or female, in an effort to return prisoners to a good society, is very important, not only material or spiritual, but both must run in balance, these are the main things that support prisoners easily in living their lives. after serving the sentence. Guidance in Correctional Institutions is expected to be able to shape the personality and mentality of prisoners who are considered not good in the eyes of the community to become normal and in accordance with applicable norms and laws Real efforts to guarantee the basic rights of women. The purpose of this study is to determine the rights of a child in obtaining legal assistance, to find out and analyze regulations regarding children, and to analyze the mechanism of legal protection for children who are in conflict with the law.

Alycia Sandra Dinar Andhini

Legal Aid is organized to help resolve legal issues faced by Legal Aid Recipients. The birth of Law No. 16 of 2011 concerning Legal Aid provides new hope for the poor to gain access to justice and equality before the law. This writing aims to determine the implementation of the provision of legal aid and the obstacles that influence it in its implementation because sometimes the implementation of Law Number 16 of 2011 concerning Legal Aid in Indonesian Courts is not optimal. This research focuses on the application of legal aid to the poor, the challenges and problems they face. The method used in this research is empirical research. This study found that in the application of legal aid in several regions in Indonesia, the main problem faced in addition to the lack of availability of accredited legal aid institutions, was also the issue of the budget provided by the state. In addition, in terms of the legal culture of the community, the implementation of legal aid is not optimal due to the understanding of the community not to have anything to do with the law so that many cases that should receive legal assistance cannot be accompanied.  

Miftakhul Ihwan

Law No. 16 of 2011 concerning legal aid, it is stated that legal aid is legal services provided by legal aid providers free of charge to legal aid recipients. In order to ease the burden of life for groups of people who are economically incapable, and also useful for creating justice and legal protection for the general public, legal aid is formed where the assistance is given to protect the rights of the accused as social beings, especially those included in the incapacitated or poor. Even so, the defendant's actions have clearly violated the law, but the law must also ensure that the rights of the accused are fulfilled as citizens, especially in terms of human rights. Legal aid institutions play an important role in providing legal assistance to people who need legal assistance to guarantee their rights before the law. The problem in this research is how to implement the provision of legal aid to defendants who are economically incapable of murder cases on the basis of self-defense. What are the inhibiting factors for the implementation of providing legal aid to defendants who are economically incapable? The conclusion in this study is that the law clearly stipulates that every citizen has the right to legal guarantees and protection, the state must protect every human right of its citizens well regardless of position status or SARA. 

Khoirum Lutfiyah

Legal aid is something that is given by the state to people who are unable to get justice and their basic rights before the law. The state has an obligation to protect every citizen, especially legal protection for the poor or the poor. To ensure this protection, the government forms a law which can help the underprivileged or poor in dealing with the legal problems they experience. With the existence of the Law on Advocacy, the Law on Legal Aid, as well as the existence of this Legal Aid Institute, it is hoped that it will be able to reduce the burden on what people experience before the law, especially related to the costs of legal aid.

Muhamad Akhsanul Fadli

Legal aid in Indonesia, especially in terms of access to justice, legal aid provided by the state to the people still relies on positive law. The law governing legal aid in Indonesia still revolves around the number of cases and the budget absorption target given to legal aid institutions that have been verified and accredited by the state for people/groups in need. Verification and Accreditation from the state with the parameters written in the law prevent those who need legal assistance if they are not categorized as poor. The requirement of the poor to access legal aid implies that access to legal aid for everyone in conflict is far from fair. Access to legal aid is very important because the goal of law is justice. In addition, legal aid aims to provide justice for those who do not have legal knowledge, in other words, are blind to the law. Justice for all is the pulse of legal aid that cannot be separated from the right to legal aid for those in need. Legal aid can be managed by the community, legal aid institutions/institutions that should provide access to those who need legal assistance and those in dispute, both poor and rich, so that justice for all is achieved. This study discusses the transcendental dimensions of legal aid. This study uses a descriptive research method that aims to analyze legal aid from aid agencies seen from the study of legal philosophy and legal aid with a transcendental dimension.

Widya Kurnia Sulistyowati

Based on Law No. 16 of 2011 on Legal Aid, Article 1 paragraph (1) states that Legal Aid is a legal service provided by legal aid providers free of charge to Legal Aid Recipients. Legal aid is a guarantee of legal protection and a guarantee of equality before the law, which is a constitutional right for every citizen. Because, the constitution guarantees the right of every citizen to get equal treatment before the law, including the right to access justice through legal aid. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, many people are asking for legal assistance related to the case of installment billing by debt collectors. The debt collector itself is a third party, which has an agreement with the financing institution to make efforts to force the collection of debtor vehicles because it has not paid installments as agreed. The result of this paper is that under these circumstances there is another legal remedy, namely restructuring.

Muhlis Safi’i

The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia is a state of law. In accordance with Article 1 paragraph (3) of the 1945 Constitution (UUD 1945). As a state of law, Indonesia must guarantee the rights of its citizens to equality and guarantees of justice, including human rights. As stated by Salim, quoting Fredrich Julius Stahl, that the main element of a state based on law is the protection, as well as the recognition of Human Rights (HAM), and upholding dignified justice. Also in Article 28D paragraph (1) of the 1945 Constitution (UUD 1945) reads: "Everyone has the right to recognition, guarantees, protection, and fair legal certainty and equal treatment before the law". This means that the constitution itself has accommodated, the state guarantees the fulfillment of individual rights of citizens and is treated equally before the law. In a state of law, the law is used as the main shield in the movement of government, state, and society. As an effort to realize justice and the spiritual values ​​of humanity (fair and dignified), there is assistance in the form of legal services for every citizen. The existence of a dignified justice theory is a justice provided by a legal system that has spiritual and material dimensions. This theory is a theory of justice that is based on noble values ​​that are rooted in the second principle of Pancasila, "Just and Civilized Humanity" and is inspired by the first principle, "Belief in the One Supreme God". 

Chairani Azifah

The implementation of legal aid is a manifestation of Indonesia as a legal state that guarantees the human rights of citizens to equality before the law which is guaranteed in the 1945 Constitution. Within the framework of implementing this citizen's human rights, the provision of free legal aid is, among other things, obligated to advocates based on Article 22 Law on advocates and their implementing regulations. From this, two problem formulations were made as follows: What is the juridical review of the provision of pro bono legal aid? And what is the role of advocates in providing pro bono legal aid? This research is based on normative legal research, which is a research conducted by reviewing and analyzing legal materials and legal issues related to the problems studied. The results of the author's discussion found that free legal aid is the right of the poor to obtain the same justice as other communities, so that the protection of their rights is well fulfilled and the principle of equality before the law. Advocates are obliged to provide free legal aid to justice seekers, and to obtain free legal assistance, justice seekers must submit a written application to an advocate organization or legal aid institution.

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