Investigation of the temperature evolution of magnetization curves near magnetic saturation makes it possible to extract new information on the features of the phase composition and structure of hypoeutectoid steel. It is shown that the main contribution to the magnitude and the temperature behavior of the energy density of the local magnetic anisotropy of hypoeutectoid steel is due to the lamellar structure of pearlite. The peculiarity of the temperature behavior of the energy of the magnetic anisotropy, along with the behavior of the paraprocess, indicates the formation of Mn-substituted cementite in the studied steel sample. The observation of the crossover of power-law regularities in the approximation of magnetization to saturation indicates the formation of two-dimensional nano-inhomogeneities of the local axis of easy magnetization in the plates of alpha iron, which are part of the pearlite.
The present work reports the formation of an interstitial dislocation loop with a lower primary knock-on atom (PKA) energy in alpha-iron under strain conditions by the use of molecular dynamics simulation. The study was conducted using a PKA energy of 1~10 keV and hydro-static strain from −1.4 to 1.6%. The application of 1.6% hydrostatic strain results in the formation of ½<111> dislocation loop with a low PKA of 3 keV. This result was associated with a threshold displacement energy decrement when moving from compression to tension strain, which resulted in more Frenkel pairs initiated at peak time. Furthermore, many of the initiated defects were energetically favorable by 2 eV in the form of the interstitial dislocation loop rather than a mono defect.
Modification of the semiempirical description of the volume-temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity of alpha-iron (iron having a body-centered cubic lattice structure) is presented. The interpolation of the volume-temperature dependences of the resistivity and thermal conductivity of alpha-iron along high-temperature isobars and high-pressure isotherms in the pressure range from -5 GPa to +5 GPa and temperatures of 400-800 K is considered for the conditions of normal and emergency operation of iron alloys. The interpolation of the electro-and thermophysical properties of alpha-iron is performed on the basis of the developed equation of state of alpha-iron at high pressures and temperatures. the effect of compression and tensile pressure on the thermal conductivity of alpha-iron is estimated.