ferromagnetic shape memory
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2022 ◽  
pp. 1-1
Pradeep Kumar ◽  
Vinita ◽  
Shuvam Pawar ◽  
Jitendra Singh ◽  
Davinder Kaur

Metals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (10) ◽  
pp. 1534
Lian Huang ◽  
Daoyong Cong ◽  
Mingguang Wang ◽  
Yandong Wang

A comprehensive study of the crystal structure and phase transition as a function of temperature and composition in Ni57−xMn21+xGa22 (x = 0, 2, 4, 5.5, 7, 8) (at. %) magnetic shape memory alloys was performed by a temperature-dependent synchrotron X-ray diffraction technique and transmission electron microscopy. A phase diagram of this Ni57−xMn21+xGa22 alloy system was constructed. The transition between coexisting multiple martensites with monoclinic and tetragonal structures during cooling was observed in the Ni51.5Mn26.5Ga22 (x = 5.5) alloy, and it was found that 5M + 7M multiple martensites coexist from 300 K to 160 K and that 5M + 7M + NM multiple martensites coexist between 150 K and 100 K. The magnetic-field-induced transformation from 7M martensite to NM martensite at 140 K where 5M + 7M + NM multiple martensites coexist before applying the magnetic field was observed by in situ neutron diffraction experiments. The present study is instructive for understanding the phase transition between coexisting multiple martensites under external fields and may shed light on the design of novel functional properties based on such phase transitions.

Crystals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (9) ◽  
pp. 1115
Najam ul Hassan ◽  
Mohsan Jelani ◽  
Ishfaq Ahmad Shah ◽  
Khalil Ur Rehman ◽  
Abdul Qayyum Khan ◽  

NiMnSn ferromagnetic shape memory alloys exhibit martensitic transformation at low temperatures, restricting their applications. Therefore, this is a key factor in improving the martensitic transformation temperature, which is effectively carried out by proper element doping. In this research, we investigated the martensitic transformation and magnetic properties of Ni43Mn46-x SmxSn11 (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) alloys on the basis of structural and magnetic measurements. X-ray diffraction showed that the crystal structure transforms from the cubic L21 to the orthorhombic martensite and gamma (γ) phases. The reverse martensitic and martensitic transformations were indicated by exothermic and endothermic peaks in differential scanning calorimetry. The martensitic transformation temperature increased considerably with Sm doping and exceeded room temperature for Sm = 3 at. %. The Ni43Mn45SmSn11 alloy exhibited magnetostructural transformation, leading to a large magnetocaloric effect near room temperature. The existence of thermal hysteresis and the metamagnetic behavior of Ni43Mn45SmSn11 confirm the first-order magnetostructural transition. The magnetic entropy change reached 20 J·kg−1·K−1 at 266 K, and the refrigeration capacity reached ~162 J·Kg−1, for Ni43Mn45SmSn11 under a magnetic field variation of 0–5 T.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (18) ◽  
pp. 5126
Mihaela Sofronie ◽  
Mugurel Tolea ◽  
Bogdan Popescu ◽  
Monica Enculescu ◽  
Felicia Tolea

The influence of the rapid solidification technique and heat treatment on the martensitic transformation, magnetic properties, thermo- and magnetic induced strain and electrical resistivity is investigated for the Cu doped NiMnGa Heusler-based ferromagnetic shape memory ribbons. The martensitic transformation temperatures are unexpectedly low (below 90 K—which can be attributed to the disordered texture as well as to the uncertainty in the elements substituted by the Cu), preceded by a premartensitic transformation (starting at around 190 K). A thermal treatment slightly increases the transformation as well as the Curie temperatures. Additionally, the thermal treatment promotes a higher magnetization value of the austenite phase and a lower one in the martensite. The shift of the martensitic transformation temperatures induced by the applied magnetic field, quantified from thermo-magnetic and thermo-magnetic induced strain measurements, is measured to have a positive value of about 1 K/T, and is then used to calculate the transformation entropy of the ribbons. The magnetostriction measurements suggest a rotational mechanism in low fields for the thermal treated samples and a saturation tendency at higher magnetic fields, except for the temperatures close to the phase transition temperatures (saturation is not reached at 5 T), where a linear volume magnetostriction cannot be ruled out. Resistivity and magnetoresistance properties have also been measured for all the samples.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 ◽  
pp. 101058
Milad Takhsha Ghahfarokhi ◽  
Jon Ander Arregi ◽  
Francesca Casoli ◽  
Michal Horký ◽  
Riccardo Cabassi ◽  

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