source sink
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2022 ◽  
Vol 421 ◽  
pp. 126927
Thirupathi Thumma ◽  
S.R. Mishra ◽  
M. Ali Abbas ◽  
M.M. Bhatti ◽  
Sara I. Abdelsalam

2022 ◽  
Vol 278 ◽  
pp. 108430
Olusegun Idowu ◽  
Yuanzheng Wang ◽  
Koki Homma ◽  
Tetsuya Nakazaki ◽  
Zhengjin Xu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 46 ◽  
pp. 103874
Zhihao Zhang ◽  
Ji Zhang ◽  
Ning Mei ◽  
Xu Zheng ◽  
Weiran Xiang ◽  

Mozzamil Mohammed ◽  
Bernd Blasius ◽  
Alexey Ryabov

AbstractThe dynamics of trait-based metacommunities have attracted much attention, but not much is known about how dispersal and spatial environmental variability mutually interact with each other to drive coexistence patterns and diversity. Here, we present a spatially explicit model of competition for two essential resources in a metacommunity on a one-dimensional environmental gradient. We find that both the strength of dispersal and the range of spatial environmental variability affect coexistence patterns, spatial structure, trait distribution, and local and regional diversity. Without dispersal, species are sorted according to their optimal growth conditions on the gradient. With the onset of dispersal, source-sink effects are initiated, which increases the effects of environmental filtering and interspecific competition and generates trait lumping, so that only a few species from an environment-defined trait range can survive. Interestingly, for very large dispersal rates, species distributions become spatially homogeneous, but nevertheless two species at the extreme ends of the trade-off curve can coexist for large environmental variability. Local species richness follows a classic hump-shaped dependence on dispersal rate, while local and regional diversity exhibit a pronounced peak for intermediate values of the environmental variability. Our findings provide important insights into the factors that shape the structure of trait-based metacommunities.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-12
Iftikhar Ahmad ◽  
Muhammad Faisal ◽  
Qazi Zan-Ul-Abadin ◽  
Tariq Javed ◽  
K. Loganathan

Plants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 145
Barbara Demmig-Adams ◽  
Marina López-Pozo ◽  
Stephanie K. Polutchko ◽  
Paul Fourounjian ◽  
Jared J. Stewart ◽  

This review focuses on recently characterized traits of the aquatic floating plant Lemna with an emphasis on its capacity to combine rapid growth with the accumulation of high levels of the essential human micronutrient zeaxanthin due to an unusual pigment composition not seen in other fast-growing plants. In addition, Lemna’s response to elevated CO2 was evaluated in the context of the source–sink balance between plant sugar production and consumption. These and other traits of Lemnaceae are compared with those of other floating aquatic plants as well as terrestrial plants adapted to different environments. It was concluded that the unique features of aquatic plants reflect adaptations to the freshwater environment, including rapid growth, high productivity, and exceptionally strong accumulation of high-quality vegetative storage protein and human antioxidant micronutrients. It was further concluded that the insensitivity of growth rate to environmental conditions and plant source–sink imbalance may allow duckweeds to take advantage of elevated atmospheric CO2 levels via particularly strong stimulation of biomass production and only minor declines in the growth of new tissue. It is proposed that declines in nutritional quality under elevated CO2 (due to regulatory adjustments in photosynthetic metabolism) may be mitigated by plant–microbe interaction, for which duckweeds have a high propensity.

Haishu Sun ◽  
Shanxue Jiang

The denitrification process plays an important role in improving water quality and is a source/sink of nitrous oxide to the atmosphere. The second important rate-limiting step of denitrification process is...

Atmosphere ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 44
Yue Li ◽  
Zhongmei Wan ◽  
Li Sun

Climate change is accelerating its impact on northern ecosystems. Northern peatlands store a considerable amount of C, but their response to climate change remains highly uncertain. In order to explore the feedback of a peatland in the Great Hing’an Mountains to future climate change, we simulated the response of the overall net ecosystem exchange (NEE), ecosystem respiration (ER), and gross primary production (GPP) during 2020–2100 under three representative concentration pathways (RCP2.6, RCP6.0, and RCP8.5). Under the RCP2.6 and RCP6.0 scenarios, the carbon sink will increase slightly until 2100. Under the RCP8.5 scenario, the carbon sink will follow a trend of gradual decrease after 2053. These results show that when meteorological factors, especially temperature, reach a certain degree, the carbon source/sink of the peatland ecosystem will be converted. In general, although the peatland will remain a carbon sink until the end of the 21st century, carbon sinks will decrease under the influence of climate change. Our results indicate that in the case of future climate warming, with the growing seasons experiencing overall dryer and warmer environments and changes in vegetation communities, peatland NEE, ER, and GPP will increase and lead to the increase in ecosystem carbon accumulation.

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