AbstractDarcy model fails to accurately model flow in karst reservoirs because the flow profiles in free-flow regions such as vugs, fractures and caves do not conform to Darcy’s law. Flows in karsts are often modelled using the Brinkman model. Recently, the DMOPD approach was introduced to reduce the complexity of modelling single-phase flow in Karst aquifers. Modelling two-phase flow using the Brinkman’s equation requires either a method of tracking the front or introducing the saturation component in the Brinkman’s equation. Both of these methods introduce further complexity to an already complex problem. We propose an alternative approach called the two-phase Darcy’s Model with optimized permeability distribution (TP-DMOPD) to model pressure and saturation distributions in karst reservoirs. The method is a modification to the DMOPD approach. Under the TP-DMOPD model, the caves are initially divided into zones and the permeability of each zone is estimated. During this stage of the TP-DMOPD model, the fluid inside the reservoir is assumed to be in a single-phase. Once the permeability distribution is obtained, the two-phase Darcy model is used to simulate flow in the reservoir. The example applications tested showed that the TP-DMOPD approach was able to model two-phase flow in karst reservoirs.
The effect of magnetic field dependent (MFD) viscosity on the onset of convection in a ferromagnetic fluid layer heated from below saturating rotating porous medium in the presence of vertical magnetic field is investigated theoretically by using Darcy model. The resulting eigen value problem is solved using the regular perturbation technique. Both stationary and oscillatory instabilities have been obtained. It is found that increase in MFD viscosity and increase in magnetic Rayleigh number is to delay the onset of ferroconvection, while the nonlinearity of fluid magnetization has no influence on the stability of the system.
The thermal perturbation method is employed for analytical solution. A theory of linear stability analysis and normal mode technique have been carried out to analyze the onset of convection for a fluid layer contained between two impermeable boundaries for which an exact solution is obtained.
The conditions for the system to stabilize both by stationary and oscillatory modes are studied. Even for the oscillatory system of particular frequency dictated by physical conditions, the critical Rayleigh numbers for oscillatory mode of the system were found to be greater than for the stationary mode. The system gets destabilized for various physical parameters only through stationary mode. Hence, the analysis is restricted to the stationary mode. To the Coriolis force, the Taylor number Ta is calculated to discuss the results. It is found that the system stabilizes through stationary mode for values of and for oscillatory instability is favored for Ta > 104. Therefore the Taylor number Ta leads to stability of the system. For larger rotation, magnetization leads to destabilization of the system. The MFD viscosity is found to stabilize the system.
This research paper is new and original.
AbstractThe steady propagation of air bubbles through a Hele-Shaw channel with either a rectangular or partially occluded cross section is known to exhibit solution multiplicity for steadily propagating bubbles, along with complicated transient behaviour where the bubble may visit several edge states or even change topology several times, before typically reaching its final propagation mode. Many of these phenomena can be observed both in experimental realisations and in numerical simulations based on simple Darcy models of flow and bubble propagation in a Hele-Shaw cell. In this paper, we investigate the corresponding problem for the propagation of a viscous drop (with viscosity $$\nu $$
relative to the surrounding fluid) using a Darcy model. We explore the effect of drop viscosity on the steady solution structure for drops in rectangular channels or with imposed height variations. Under the Darcy model in a uniform channel, steady solutions for bubbles map directly on to those for drops with any internal viscosity $$\nu \ne 1$$
. Hence, the solution multiplicity predicted for bubbles also occurs for drops, although for $$\nu >1$$
, the interface shape is reversed with inflection points appearing at the rear rather than the front of the drop. The equivalence between bubbles and drops breaks down for transient behaviour, at the introduction of any height variation, for multiple bodies of different viscosity ratios and for more detailed models which produce a more complicated flow in the interior of the drop. We show that the introduction of topography variations affects bubbles and drops differently, with very viscous drops preferentially moving towards more constricted regions of the channel. Both bubbles and drops can undergo transient behaviour which involves breakup into two almost equal bodies, which then symmetry break before either recombining or separating indefinitely.