intensity fluctuation
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2022 ◽  
Jun Ye ◽  
Xiao Ma ◽  
Yang Zhang ◽  
Xu Jiangming ◽  
hanwei zhang ◽  

Fluids ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 6
Nobuyuki Fujisawa ◽  
Takayuki Yamagata ◽  
Ryotaro Seki ◽  
Motofumi Ohki

The erosion behavior of a cavitating jet on groove roughness was investigated experimentally using mass-loss characteristics, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation, time-resolved shadowgraph, and schlieren flow visualizations. The wall morphology of the cavitating-jet erosion on the groove roughness indicated an increased mass loss, which was highly increased along the groove rather than across the groove. Furthermore, increased erosion pits were observed on the groove bottom along the grooves. The shadowgraph imaging of the cavitating jet on the rough wall showed noncircular cavitation bubble distributions along and across the grooves, which corresponds to the increased number of cavitation bubbles along the grooves and the decreased number of bubbles across the grooves. This result is consistent with the erosion morphology of the groove roughness. Schlieren imaging indicated that the frequency and intensity fluctuation of the shockwave formation did not change significantly on the groove roughness along and across the grooves. The findings in the study show that the increased erosion mechanism on groove roughness is caused by the increased number of impulsive forces and the shockwave focusing effect on the groove bottom.

2020 ◽  
Vol 59 (03) ◽  
pp. 1
Shihao Yin ◽  
Wenyao Liu ◽  
Enbo Xing ◽  
Ziwen Pan ◽  
Yu Tao ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 28 (3) ◽  
pp. 3789 ◽  
Benoit Vanus ◽  
Chams Baker ◽  
Liang Chen ◽  
Xiaoyi Bao

2020 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 659
Rui Sun ◽  
Xin Wang ◽  
Kong Zhang ◽  
Jun He ◽  
Junmin Wang

An optical tweezer composed of a strongly focused single-spatial-mode Gaussian beam of a red-detuned 1064-nm laser can confine a single-cesium (Cs) atom at the strongest point of the light intensity. We can use this for coherent manipulation of single-quantum bits and single-photon sources. The trapping lifetime of the atoms in the optical tweezers is very short due to the impact of the background atoms, the parametric heating of the optical tweezer and the residual thermal motion of the atoms. In this paper, we analyzed the influence of the background pressure, the trap frequency of optical tweezers and the laser intensity fluctuation of optical tweezers on the atomic trapping lifetime. Combined with the external feedback loop based on an acousto-optical modulator (AOM), the intensity fluctuation of the 1064-nm laser in the time domain was suppressed from ±3.360% to ±0.064%, and the suppression bandwidth in the frequency domain reached approximately 33 kHz. The trapping lifetime of a single-Cs atom in the microscopic optical tweezers was extended from 4.04 s to 6.34 s.

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