single photon
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2022 ◽  
Vol 151 ◽  
pp. 106908
Author(s):  
Guangyue Shen ◽  
Tianxiang Zheng ◽  
Zhaohui Li ◽  
Lei Yang ◽  
Guang Wu

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Franco Picciotto ◽  
Adriana Lesca ◽  
Luca Mastorino ◽  
Elena Califaretti ◽  
Luca Conti ◽  
...  

Primary umbilical melanoma is rare tumor, representing about 5% of all umbilical malignancies.The lymphatic drainage from the tumor is challenging and can be to inguinal, axillary and retroperitoneal nodes. Dynamic and static lymphoscintigraphy with single-photon emission tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a widely validated technique in patients with clinically localized melanoma to search for and quantify nodal spread of cutaneous melanoma. Moreover, it offers the surgeon the preoperative information about the number and location of the sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs), which makes SLNB easier and quicker. This is the first report of an ulcerated thick melanoma of the umbilicus metastasizing only to an external iliac lymph-node without involvement of superficial inguinal SLNs. The preoperative high-resolution ultrasound (HR-US) examination of the regional lymph node field had been normal. This case-report shows how addition of SPECT/CT to planar imaging in a patient with clinically localized umbilical melanoma can help avoid incomplete SLNB when a deep SLN is not removed. A literature review of umbilical melanoma is also provided.


2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 96
Author(s):  
Elisabeth Plhak ◽  
Edith Gößnitzer ◽  
Reingard M. Aigner ◽  
Herbert Kvaternik

Dopaminergic transporter (DAT) imaging with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is used to diagnose Parkinson’s disease and to differentiate it from other neurodegenerative disorders without presynaptic dopaminergic dysfunction. The radioiodinated tropane alkaloids [123I]FP-CIT and [123I]β-CIT enable the evaluation of the integrity of DATs. Commonly, the labeling of these compounds is performed by electrophilic substitution of the alkylstannylated precursors with radioactive iodine and following purification by HPLC or solid phase extraction (SPE). This work presents the first radioiodination of β-CIT and FP-CIT with no carrier added [131I]NaI on a Scintomics GRP synthesis module. Free iodine-131 and impurities were removed by SPE over a C-18 Sep-Pak cartridge. We achieved a radiochemical yield of >75% and a radiochemical purity of >98% with both compounds. Our development of an automated synthesis on a commercially available synthesizer ensures robust and efficient labeling of [131I]FP-CIT and [131I]β-CIT starting with low concentrated radioiodine.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Cuo Wu ◽  
Shailesh Kumar ◽  
Yinhui Kan ◽  
Danylo Komisar ◽  
Zhiming Wang ◽  
...  

A room-temperature on-chip orbital angular momentum source that emits well-collimated single photons has been demonstrated.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiaoyu Huang ◽  
Lingjuan Xu ◽  
Wei Wang ◽  
Weikun Hu ◽  
Xinyu Li ◽  
...  

ObjectiveTo evaluate the correlations between Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) parameters of salivary glands and dry eye parameters in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS).MethodsA total of 28 patients with SS participated in this prospective study. Dry eye assessments include tear film break-up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining scoring (CFS), Schirmer's I test (SIT) examination and SPECT of salivary gland. The following quantitative parameters were derived from SPECT imaging for salivary glands: Uptake index (UI), the time needed to achieve the minimum counts after Vit C stimulation (Ts), and excretion fraction (EF). The relation between the aforementioned parameters and TBUT, CFS and SIT were analyzed with SPSS 22.0 software.ResultsAll the 28 eyes of the 28 subjects were examined. The mean SIT was 6.04 ± 4.64 mm/5 min (0–18 mm/5 min); the mean CFS was 3.07 ± 2.65 (0–10) and the mean BUT was 2.11 ± 1.97 s (0–9 s). The mean EF value was 0.52 ± 0.12 (0.26–0.75) in parotid glands and 0.45 ± 0.10 (0.30–0.67) in submandibular glands, respectively. The mean UI value was 9.33 ± 1.68 (6.03–13.20) in parotid glands and 9.92 ± 1.48 (7.08–12.60) in submandibular glands, respectively. The mean Ts (min) was 5.32 ± 3.01 (2.00–12.00) in parotid glands and 11.09 ± 7.40 (2.00- 29.00 min) in submandibular glands, respectively. It was found that EF positively correlates with SIT in patients with SS (r = 0.499 and 0.426 in parotid glands and submandibular glands, with P < 0.05), while no significant correlation was found between the UI, Ts and CFS, TBUT (P > 0.05).ConclusionsThe EF was positively correlated with SIT in patients with SS, it could reflex the dysfunction of salivary glands in SS patients. So, EF may be a valuable parameter for the diagnosis of SS patients with lacrimal gland secretion dysfunction.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jeladhara Sobhanan ◽  
Yuta Takano ◽  
Sakiko Sugino ◽  
Eri Hirata ◽  
Shohei Yamamura ◽  
...  

AbstractAmid the COVID-19 pandemic, cancer continues to be the most devastating disease worldwide. Liquid biopsy of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has recently become a painless and noninvasive tool for obtaining carcinoma cell samples for molecular profiling. Here, we report efficient detection and collection of cancer cells in blood samples by combining stem cell antigen (CD44)-specific immunosilica particles and immunofluorescent quantum dots with spectrally and temporally resolved single-photon counting. We accurately detect 1–10 cells among 100 cancer cells of the breast, lungs, or cervix in 1 mL blood samples. In addition, the bright and narrowband emission of CdSe/ZnS quantum dots enables temporally and spectrally resolved photon counting for multiplexed cancer cell detection. The cancer cell-specific and large immunosilica particles helped us collect the specific cells. We validate the detection efficiency and multimodality of this strategy by time-stamped and energy-dispersed single-photon counting of orange- and red-emitting quantum dots and green-fluorescing nuclei stained with Syto-13/25 dye. Thus, the present work highlights the prospects of multimodal CTC detection for noninvasive cancer screening and postsurgical or therapeutic follow-up.


2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ya-long Ren ◽  
Sheng-li Ma ◽  
Ji-kun Xie ◽  
Xin-ke Li ◽  
Ming-tao Cao ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

Author(s):  
Leonard Doyle ◽  
Pooyan Khademi ◽  
Peter Hilz ◽  
Alexander Sävert ◽  
Georg Schaefer ◽  
...  

Abstract High power short pulse lasers provide a promising route to study the strong field effects of the quantum vacuum, for example by direct photon-photon scattering in the all-optical regime. Theoretical predictions based on realistic laser parameters achievable today or in the near future predict scattering of a few photons with colliding Petawatt laser pulses, requiring single photon sensitive detection schemes and very good spatio-temporal filtering and background suppression. In this article, we present experimental investigations of this photon background by employing only a single high power laser pulse tightly focused in residual gas of a vacuum chamber. The focal region was imaged onto a single-photon sensitive, time gated camera. As no detectable quantum vacuum signature was expected in our case, the setup allowed for characterization and first mitigation of background contributions. For the setup employed, scattering off surfaces of imperfect optics dominated below the residual gas pressures of 1×10-4mbar. Extrapolation of the findings to intensities relevant for photon-photon scattering studies is discussed.


Nanophotonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Author(s):  
Dung Thi Vu ◽  
Nikolaos Matthaiakakis ◽  
Hikaru Saito ◽  
Takumi Sannomiya

Abstract Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), possessing unique exciton luminescence properties, have attracted significant attention for use in optical and electrical devices. TMDCs are also high refractive index materials that can strongly confine the electromagnetic field in nanoscale dimensions when patterned into nanostructures, thus resulting in complex light emission that includes exciton and dielectric resonances. Here, we use cathodoluminescence (CL) to experimentally visualize the emission modes of single molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoflakes and to investigate luminescence enhancement due to dielectric resonances in nanoscale dimensions, by using a scanning transmission electron microscope. Specifically, we identify dielectric modes whose resonant wavelength is sensitive to the shape and size of the nanoflake, and exciton emission peaks whose energies are insensitive to the geometry of the flakes. Using a four-dimensional CL method and boundary element method simulations, we further theoretically and experimentally visualize the emission polarization and angular emission patterns, revealing the coupling of the exciton and dielectric resonant modes. Such nanoscopic observation provides a detailed understanding of the optical responses of MoS2 including modal couplings of excitons and dielectric resonances which play a crucial role in the development of energy conversion devices, single-photon emitters, and nanophotonic circuits with enhanced light-matter interactions.


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