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Alba Cuba-Dorado ◽  
Tania Álvarez-Yates ◽  
Oscar García-García

Draft-legal triathlons are the main short-distance races worldwide and are those on which talent-identification programs are usually focused. Performance in these races depends on multiple factors; however, many investigations do not focus on elite triathletes. Therefore, the aim of this narrative review was to carry out a systematic literature search to define the elite female and male triathlete profiles and their competition demands in draft-legal triathlons. This will allow us to summarize the main determinant factors of high-level triathletes as a basis for talent detection. A comprehensive review of Web of Science and Scopus was performed using the search strategy: Triathl* and (performance or competition or profile) and (elite or professional or “high performance” or “high level” or talent). A total of 1325 research documents were obtained, and after screening following the criteria, only 83 articles were selected. After data synthesis, elite triathlete aspects such as age, physiological, anthropometric, and psychosocial profile or competition demands were studied in the scientific literature. Thus, it is essential that when implementing talent identification programs, these factors must be considered. However, constant updating is needed due the continuous regulatory changes and the need of triathletes to adapt to these new competition demands.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 789
Riccardo Nocini ◽  
Giorgio Panozzo ◽  
Alessandro Trotolo ◽  
Luca Sacchetto

Aims: The aim of this review is to consider maxillary sinusitis as a complication of zygomatic implants placements. Maxillary sinusitis a common complication but in the literature there are no reviews that focus only on this condition and its possible treatment. This review was carried out with to highlight the main findings of the literature on this topic and to improve knowledge in this field. Methods: The search strategy resulted in 155 papers. After selection of the inclusion criteria only 11 papers were examined. From the papers these, 12.3% patients presented maxillary sinusitis but only four studies evaluated sinusitis (both clinical and radiological evaluation). The most common treatment used by the authors were antibiotics alone or combined with functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Results: The literature shows an absence of precise and shared guidelines diagnosis and post-operative follow-up, and of the treatment of maxillary sinusitis following zygomatic implantology. It has not been determined if the surgical placement of ZIs is better than the other techniques for treatment of the onset of maxillary sinusitis in the post-operative period. Conclusion: To date there are no shared protocols for maxillary sinusitis treatment. In our experience, and according to the literature in the presence of risk factors such as age, comorbidities, smoking, nasal septal deviation or other anatomical variants, we suggested that FESS is performed at the same time as placement of zygomatic implants.

Mathematics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 212
Qibing Jin ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  
Zeyu Wang

In this paper, adaptive immune algorithm based on a global search strategy (AIAGS) and auxiliary model recursive least square method (AMRLS) are used to identify the multiple-input multiple-output fractional-order Hammerstein model. The model’s nonlinear parameters, linear parameters, and fractional order are unknown. The identification step is to use AIAGS to find the initial values of model coefficients and order at first, then bring the initial values into AMRLS to identify the coefficients and order of the model in turn. The expression of the linear block is the transfer function of the differential equation. By changing the stimulation function of the original algorithm, adopting the global search strategy before the local search strategy in the mutation operation, and adopting the parallel mechanism, AIAGS further strengthens the original algorithm’s optimization ability. The experimental results show that the proposed method is effective.

2022 ◽  
Sandeep Patel ◽  
Mandeep Singh Dhillon ◽  
Vishnu Baburaj ◽  
Siddhartha Sharma

Background: Posterior malleolus (PM) fractures have historically been classified according to the size of the fragment, to study the need for surgical fixation and to assess clinical outcomes. Recent research has suggested that the morphology of the PM fragment is of more relevance than its size. Objectives: This systematic review aims to determine if the size of the PM fragment influences clinical outcomes of trimalleolar fractures after surgical fixation, and if so, to find out which fracture type has the best outcomes. Methods: This systematic review will be conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. A literature search will be conducted on the electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Ovid with a pre-determined search strategy. A manual bibliography search of included studies will also be done. Original articles in English that have relevant data on the outcomes of PM fractures and its morphology will be included. Data will be extracted from included studies and analysis carried out with the help of appropriate software.

Medwave ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (01) ◽  
pp. e002512-e002512
Leonel Fabrizio Trivisonno ◽  
Camila Liquitay ◽  
Laura Vergara-Merino ◽  
Javier Pérez-Bracchiglione ◽  
Juan Víctor Ariel Franco

The currently abundant bibliography on healthcare can make the search process an exhausting and frustrating experience. For this reason, it is essential to learn the basic concepts of research question formulation, information sources, and search strategies to make this process more efficient and user-friendly. The search strategy is an iterative process that allows the incorporation of tools and terms in the strategy design to optimize evidence retrieval. Each strategy varies according to the questions, the language used, the source of information accessed, and the available tools. This article is part of a methodological series of narrative reviews on biostatistics and clinical epidemiology. This narrative review describes the essential elements for developing a literature search strategy and identifying the relevant evidence concerning a clinical question through familiar and accessible sources (such as Google and Google Scholar), as well as search interfaces and technical-scientific databases focused on biomedical knowledge (PubMed and The Cochrane Library).

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