inductive power
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Jun Xu ◽  
Eugeni L. Doubrovski ◽  
Jo Geraedts ◽  
Yu Song

Abstract The geometric shapes and the relative position of coils influence the performance of a three-dimensional (3D) inductive power transfer system. In this paper, we propose a coil design method for specifying the positions and the shapes of a pair of coils to transmit the desired power in 3D. Given region of interests (ROIs) for designing the transmitter and the receiver coils on two surfaces, the transmitter coil is generated around the center of its ROI first. The center of the receiver coil is estimated as a random seed position in the corresponding 3D surface. At this position, we use the heatmap method with electromagnetic constraints to iteratively extend the coil until the desired power can be transferred via the set of coils. In each step, the shape of the extension, i.e. a new turn of the receiver coil, is found as a spiral curve based on the convex hulls of adjacent turns in the 2D projection plane along their normal direction. Then, the optimal position of the receiver coil is found by maximizing the efficiency of the system. In the next step, the position and the shape of the transmitter coil are optimized based on the fixed receiver coil using the same method. This zig-zag optimization process iterates until an optimum is reached. Simulations and experiments with digitally fabricated prototypes were conducted and the effectiveness of the proposed 3D coil design method was verified. Possible future research directions are highlighted well.

Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 58
Kateryna Stoyka ◽  
Antonio Vitale ◽  
Massimo Costarella ◽  
Alfonso Avella ◽  
Mario Pucciarelli ◽  

Inductive Power Transfer (IPT) is an emerging technology enabling a contactless charging process in manifold applications such as electric vehicles, wearable and portable devices, or biomedical applications. Such technology can be profitably used to develop enhanced electronic solutions in the framework of smart cities, homes and smart workplaces. This paper presents the development and realization of a series–series compensated IPT System (IPTS) followed by a post-regulator implemented by means of a DC–DC converter. Such a system is modeled through a first harmonic approximation method, and a sensitivity analysis of the IPTS performance is carried out with respect to the variations of the primary inverter switching frequency and phase-shift angle. As an element of novelty of this work, the bias points are determined which allow the efficiency maximization while ensuring system controllability. An enhanced dynamic modeling of the system is then performed by means of a coupled mode theory, including the inverter phase-shift modulation and extending its validity to whatever operating frequency. A digital control of the post-regulator is implemented by means of a commercial low-cost microcontroller enabling the output voltage regulation under both fixed and variable load conditions through a voltage mode control technique. An IPTS prototype is eventually realized, which is able to correctly perform the output voltage regulation at the desired nominal value of 12 V for static resistive loads in the range [5,24] Ω, yielding the output power in the range [6, 28.8] W and the experimental efficiencies going from 72.1% (for 24 Ω) to 91.7% (for 5 Ω). The developed system can also be effectively used to deliver up to 35 W output power to variable loads, as demonstrated during the battery charging test. Finally, an excellent output voltage regulation is ascertained for load transients between 5 Ω and 24 Ω, with limited over- and undershoot amplitudes (less than 3% of the nominal output voltage), thus enabling the use of the proposed system for both fixed and variable loads in the framework of smart homes and workplaces applications.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 267
Naoui Mohamed ◽  
Flah Aymen ◽  
Mohammed Alqarni

The effectiveness of inductive power transfer (IPT) presents a serious challenge for improving the global recharge system performance. An electric vehicle (EVs) needs to be charged rapidly and have maximum power when it is charged with wireless technology. Based on various research, the performance of this recharge system is attached to several points and the frequency resonance is one of those parameters that can influence. In this paper, we try to explore the relationship between the obtained power and the signal input frequency for charging a lithium battery, solve the class imbalance problem and understand the maximum allowed frequency. To obtain the results, a mathematical model was first created to demonstrate the relationship, then the dynamic model was validated and tested using the Matlab Simulink platform. The performance of the worldwide wireless recharging system in terms of frequency variation is depicted in a summary graph.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (24) ◽  
pp. 8269
Cheol-Hee Jo ◽  
Dong-Hee Kim

Compensation topologies of the inductive power transfer (IPT) converter for electric vehicles (EVs) have been researched in previous works. However, a methodology for designing a compensation topology based on the efficiency of the IPT converter has been barely discussed. This paper proposes an optimal design methodology for compensation parameters to achieve optimal efficiency of the IPT converter with LCC-S. The optimal output voltage is derived using the losses analysis of the IPT converter, and the IPT converter is designed for the optimal output voltage to achieve the optimal efficiency. Furthermore, the battery management (BM) converter on the receiving side is designed based on the output voltage of the IPT converter, the fluctuation range of the coupling coefficient, and the battery charging voltage. The validity of the proposed IPT converter design methodology is verified by designing different compensation parameters and BM converters. The power rating of the three design cases is 3.3 kW with the same magnetic pads satisfying the SAE J2954 WPT 1 class.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2137 (1) ◽  
pp. 012013
Xinyi Wang

Abstract This project designs a wireless charging and endurance platform for patrol UAV based on inductive power collection. The main function is to solve the problems of short dead time and continuous inspection of ordinary patrol UAV. The system is mainly composed of transmission line inductive energy taking coil, inductive power supply, energy storage battery module, wireless charging module, energy management module and patrol UAV with wireless charging function.

Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (23) ◽  
pp. 2900
Vincenzo Castiglia ◽  
Nicola Campagna ◽  
Rosario Miceli ◽  
Fabio Viola ◽  
Frede Blaabjerg

This article proposes a quasi-Z-source (qZS)-based Inductive Power Transfer (IPT) system for Electric Vehicles (EVs) charging applications. The IPT systems use the magnetic field to transfer power between two coils wirelessly, achieving improved reliability, safety and less environmental impact. Compared to the conventional IPT system, the proposed qZS-IPT system simultaneously achieves DC/DC regulation and DC/AC conversion through a single-stage conversion, thus lowering the cost and complexity of the system. Moreover, the reliability of the system is improved thanks to the qZS network shoot-though immunity and the reduced number of switches. To ensure the battery efficient charging and long service life, the constant current/constant voltage (CC/CV) method is considered. With the proposed innovative modulation scheme, the qZS can easily change between buck and boost modes, respectively, lowering or increasing the secondary side current. A theoretical analysis is presented for system design. Simulation results based on a 25 kW (200 V/135 A) low duty EV charger are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Experimental tests are performed on a 150 W scale-down prototype to validate the analysis and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed qZS-IPT system for CC/CV chargers.

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