Radiographic Outcomes
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2021 ◽  
Vol 47 (6) ◽  
pp. 1209-1218
Author(s):  
Joseph J. Crivelli ◽  
Brett A. Johnson ◽  
Ryan L. Steinberg ◽  
Jeffrey C. Gahan ◽  
Jodi A. Antonelli ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Mattia Alessio-Mazzola ◽  
Antonio Clemente ◽  
Antonio Russo ◽  
Peter Mertens ◽  
Giorgio Burastero ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Total knee arthroplasty is a reliable procedure able to reduce pain and disability in patients suffering from osteoarthritis. However, a considerable percentage of patients still experiences unsatisfactory results. Medial pivot total knee arthroplasty has been introduced in the clinical practice to overcome problems related with classic design implants and better mimic native knee kinematics. The aim of this study was to analyze survivorship and clinical and radiographic outcomes of medial pivot implants. Methods A systematic research was conducted in eight different databases. Thirty-four studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. Data on objective and patients-reported outcomes, radiographic alignment, and survivorship were collected and analyzed. Revision rate was expressed as revision per 100 components years. Result A total of 3377 procedures were included. Mean follow-up was 85.7 months (range, 12–182). The revision per 100 components years was 0.19, which corresponds to a revision rate of 1.9% after 10 years. Mean post-operative range of motion was 117.3 ± 0.4°. Mean clinical and functional Knee Society Score were, respectively, 85.9 ± 1.1 and 84.7 ± 3.5 at final follow-up. Post-operative femorotibial alignment was 177.1 ± 0.5°. Alfa and beta angles were 95.7 ± 0.1° and 89.2 ± 0.1°, respectively. Gamma and delta angles were 2.3 ± 0.6° and 86.7 ± 0.4°. Conclusion Medial pivoting implants provided excellent survivorship and low revision rate, as well as good-to-excellent results in term of objective and patient-reported clinical outcomes, and reliable correction of radiographic parameters. More high-quality studies with long-term follow-up are needed to clarify the role of medial pivoting implants.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Shuai Xiang ◽  
Yingzhen Wang ◽  
Chengyu Lv ◽  
Changyao Wang ◽  
Haining Zhang

Abstract Background The aim of this study was to compare the mid-term clinical and radiographic outcomes between medial-pivotal (MP) insert and double-high (DH) insert used under cruciate-retaining condition in ADVANCE® total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods The follow-up was conducted for 158 consecutive patients underwent unilateral ADVANCE® TKA from January 2011 to April 2014. 84 MP inserts and 74 DH inserts were used under cruciate-retaining condition. A 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed between MP insert and DH insert to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes. Results After a 1:1 PSM, 120 patients (60 pairs) were matched between MP insert and DH insert. The baseline demographic parameters and clinical scores were comparable between the two groups. The postoperative clinical outcomes at an averaged 8-year follow-up of both groups were significantly improved. The range of motion (ROM) of DH group was better than that of MP group and equivalent Knee Society Function Score (KSFS) between the two groups was found. However, the Knee Society Score (KSS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) score and Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) of MP group were found to be significantly superior than those of DH group. Comparable complication rate and revision rate were observed between the two groups. The radiographic results were also equally good between MP and DH group. Conclusions Although the mid-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of DH insert are fairly good, the clinical scores of DH group were worse than those of MP group.


2021 ◽  
pp. 036354652110361
Author(s):  
Deepak V. Chona ◽  
Paul D. Minetos ◽  
Christopher M. LaPrade ◽  
Mark E. Cinque ◽  
Geoffrey D. Abrams ◽  
...  

Background: Hip dislocation is a rare occurrence during sports but carries serious implications for athletes. Purpose: To systematically review treatment strategies and outcomes for hip dislocation in athletes, with the ultimate goal of providing sports medicine physicians with the information necessary to appropriately treat and counsel patients sustaining this injury. Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase were searched for studies relating to hip instability and athletics from January 1, 1989 to October 1, 2019. Abstracts and articles were evaluated on the basis of predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) data from ≥1 patients, (2) native hip dislocation or subluxation occurring during sports, (3) patients aged at least 10 years, and (4) written in English. Exclusion criteria were (1) patients younger than 10 years; (2) nonnative or postoperative hip dislocation or subluxation; (3) a native hip injury without dislocation or subluxation; (4) patients with dislocation or subluxation secondary to neuromuscular, developmental, or syndromic causes; (5) dislocation or subluxation not occurring during sports; (6) patients with physeal fractures; or (7) review articles or meta-analyses. Data were recorded on patient demographics, injury mechanism, treatment strategies, and clinical and radiographic outcomes. Where possible, pooled analysis was performed. Studies were grouped based on reported outcomes. Meta-analysis was then performed on these pooled subsets. Results: A total of 602 articles were initially identified, and after screening by 2 reviewers, 27 articles reporting on 145 patients were included in the final review. There were 2 studies that identified morphological differences between patients with posterior dislocation and controls, including decreased acetabular anteversion ( P = .015 and .068, respectively), increased prevalence of a cam deformity ( P < .0035), higher alpha angles ( P≤ .0213), and decreased posterior acetabular coverage ( P < .001). No differences were identified for the lateral center edge angle or Tonnis angle. Protected postreduction weightbearing was most commonly prescribed for 2 to 6 weeks, with 65% of reporting authors recommending touchdown, toe-touch, or crutch-assisted weightbearing. Recurrence was reported in 3% of cases. Overall, 4 studies reported on findings at hip arthroscopic surgery, including a 100% incidence of labral tears (n = 27; 4 studies), 92% incidence of chondral injuries, 20% incidence of capsular tears, and 84% incidence of ligamentum teres tears (n = 25; 2 studies). At final follow-up, 86% of patients reported no pain (n = 14; 12 studies), 87% reported a successful return to play (n = 39; 10 studies), and 11% had radiographic evidence of osteonecrosis (n = 38; 10 studies). Conclusion: Various treatment strategies have been described in the literature, and multiple methods have yielded promising clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with native hip dislocation sustained during sporting activity. Data support nonoperative treatment with protected weightbearing for hips with concentric reduction and without significant fractures and an operative intervention to obtain concentric reduction if unachievable by closed means alone. Imaging for osteonecrosis is recommended, with evidence suggesting 4- to 6-week magnetic resonance imaging and follow-up at 3 months for those with suspicious findings in the femoral head.


QJM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 114 (Supplement_1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mohamed Fawzy Khattab ◽  
Mostafa Atef Kamal ◽  
Mbbch Naser Hussein Zaher

Abstract Background Pedicle screw fixation the gold standard for lumbar spine stabilization. Pedicle screw has fixation offers multiple advantages, allowing superior correction of spinal deformities, and reduced rates of loss of non-union. Cortical Bone Trajectory (CBT) is a new technique in which screws follow a caudal-to-cephalad path in the sagittal plane and a medial-to-lateral directed path in the transverse plane. CBT is reducing operative and post-operative complications and has high fixation strength. Purpose To Compare the clinical outcomes between CBT and traditional trajectory (TT) in surgical management of degenerative spondylolisthesis. Materials and Methods A comprehensive electronic search in Pubmed, MEDLINE and Chocrane library databases, Google scholar and Research gate for articles that published between 2009 to 2020 using these keywords: Cortical bone trajectory, Cortical bone trajectory-pedicle screw, Pedicle screw. Results The majority of literature suggests that the CBT technique results in similar or decreased postoperative back and leg pain compared to TT. Regarding the disability ODI and the operative time showed no significant differences between the CBT and TT. Radiographic outcomes between both studies show no statistical difference in fusion rates and vertebral slippage. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly less with CBT compared to TT. Conclusion there is no widely accepted consensus regarding comparison of clinical outcomes and complications between the CBT and TT procedures. Generally, indications for CBT and TT are similar between most studies, especially for common pathologies resulting in spondylolisthesis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Gabriel T. Mindler ◽  
Andreas Kranzl ◽  
Alexandra Stauffer ◽  
Roland Kocijan ◽  
Rudolf Ganger ◽  
...  

BackgroundX-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by lower limb deformity, gait and joint problems, and pain. Hence, quality of life is substantially impaired. This study aimed to assess lower limb deformity, specific radiographic changes, and gait deviations among adolescents and adults with XLH.DesignData on laboratory examination and gait analysis results were analyzed retrospectively. Deformities, osteoarthritis, pseudofractures, and enthesopathies on lower limb radiographs were investigated. Gait analysis findings were compared between the XLH group and the control group comprising healthy adults.Patients and ControlsRadiographic outcomes were assessed retrospectively in 43 patients with XLH (28 female, 15 male). Gait analysis data was available in 29 patients with confirmed XLH and compared to a healthy reference cohort (n=76).ResultsPatients with XLH had a lower gait quality compared to healthy controls (Gait deviation index GDI 65.9% +/- 16.2). About 48.3% of the study population presented with a greater lateral trunk lean, commonly referred to as waddling gait. A higher BMI and mechanical axis deviation of the lower limbs were associated with lower gait scores and greater lateral trunk lean. Patients with radiologic signs of enthesopathies had a lower GDI.ConclusionsThis study showed for the first time that lower limb deformity, BMI, and typical features of XLH such as enthesopathies negatively affected gait quality among adolescents and adults with XLH.


Children ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (10) ◽  
pp. 858
Author(s):  
Giovanni Trisolino ◽  
Stefano Stallone ◽  
Francesco Castagnini ◽  
Barbara Bordini ◽  
Monica Cosentino ◽  
...  

Background: total hip replacement (THR) is a rare surgical option in children and adolescents with disabling hip diseases. The aim of this study is to report results from a retrospective cohort of patients aged 18 years or less who underwent cementless Ceramic-on-Ceramic (CoC) THR at a single institution, investigating clinical and radiographic outcomes, survival rates, and reasons for revision of the implants. Materials and methods: we queried the Registry of Prosthetic Orthopedic Implants (RIPO) to identify all children and adolescents undergoing THR between 2000 and 2019 at a single Institution. Inclusion criteria were patients undergoing cementless CoC THR, aged less than 18 years at surgery, followed for at least 2 years. Sixty-eight patients (74 hips) matched all the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the study. We assessed the clinical and radiographic outcomes, the rate of complications, the survival rate, and reasons for revision of the implants. Results: The mean follow-up was 6.6 ± 4.4 years (range 2–20). The most frequent reason for THR was post-traumatic or chemotherapy-induced avascular necrosis (38%). The overall survival rate of the cohort was 97.6% (95% CI: 84.9–99.7%) at 5 years of follow-up, 94.4% (95% CI: 79.8–98.6%) at 10 years and 15 years of follow-up. Two THR in two patients (2.7%) required revision. With the numbers available, Cox regression analysis could not detect any significant interaction between preoperative or intraoperative variables and implant survivorship (p-value 0.242 to 0.989).” The average HOOS was 85 ± 14.3 (range 30.6–100). Overall, 23 patients (48%) reported excellent HOOS scores (>90 points), 21 patients (44%) reported acceptable HOOS scores (60–90 points) while 4 patients (8%) reported poor outcomes (<60 points). Twenty-one patients (43%) were regularly involved into moderate- to high-intensity sport activities (UCLA ≥ 6). Conclusions: Cementless CoC THR is a successful procedure in children and teenagers, having demonstrated high implant survivorship and low rates of complications and failure. A meticulous preoperative planning and implant selection is mandatory, to avoid implant malposition, which is the main reason of failure and revision in these cases. Further studies are needed to assess the impact of the THR on the psychosocial wellbeing of teenagers, as well as risks and benefits and cost-effectiveness in comparison to the hip preserving surgical procedures.


Author(s):  
Lili E. Schindelar ◽  
Richard M. McEntee ◽  
Robert E. Gallivan ◽  
Brian Katt ◽  
Pedro K. Beredjiklian

Abstract Background Distal radius fractures are one of the most common fractures seen in the elderly. The management of distal radius fractures in the elderly, especially patients older than 80 years, has not been well defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate operative treatment of distal radius fractures in patients older than 80 years to determine functional outcomes and complication rates. Materials and Methods A retrospective review was performed to identify patients 80 years or older who were treated for a distal radius fracture with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Medical records were reviewed for demographics, medical history, functional outcomes including quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (qDASH), radiographs, and postoperative complications. Results There were 40 patients included for review. Average age was 84 years. The preoperative qDASH score was 69. At 6 months follow-up, the postoperative qDASH score was 13 (p < 0.001). There were five (12.5%) complications reported postoperatively. All fractures healed with adequate radiographic alignment and there were no hardware failures. Conclusion Distal radius fractures in patients older than 80 years treated with ORIF have good functional outcomes and low complication rates. Increased functionality and independence of the elderly, as well as updated implant design can lead to the effective surgical management of these patients. When indicated from a clinical perspective, operative fixation of distal radius fractures should be considered in patients older than 80 years.


Author(s):  
Adam Driesman ◽  
Daniel Buchalter ◽  
David J. Kirby ◽  
Nicole Wake ◽  
Pablo Castaneda

AbstractThe periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a powerful tool to delay the progression of hip arthritis by reorienting the acetabulum. This study aimed to use three-dimensional (3D)-printed models of the pelvis, reconstructed from the computed tomography (CT) scans of patients, to model how the level of dysplasia and its location ilium osteotomy affect radiographic outcomes following PAO. This pilot study aims to determine if preoperative 3D printing/planning can assist in predicting radiographic outcomes. We performed a retrospective review of five patients with differing levels of hip dysplasia for whom we had obtained CT scans before PAO surgery. For each patient, we printed two pelvis models that would undergo standardized cuts of the PAO procedure, with variations only in the distance of the ilium start point (one-third of the distance between the anterior superior iliac spine and anterior inferior iliac spine [AIIS] vs. two-thirds of the distance). We then mobilized the acetabular fragment into eight reproducible positions in space by moving the ilium cut a combination of 0, 1, or 2 cm anterior/lateral. Each position of the newly realigned acetabula was examined under fluoroscopy to obtain a standardized anteroposterior view, and to obtain standardized radiographic measurements in the form of lateral center edge angle (CEA), acetabular depth, Tonnis angle, and acetabular inclination. We performed 80 simulations of the PAO with varying degrees of acetabular mobilization. On average, in the models where the supra-acetabular cut was closer to the AIIS, we found more significant degrees of radiographic correction, regarding Tonnis angles (12.91 vs. 7.95, p = 0.0175), acetabular inclination (20.25 vs. 9.875, p = 0.027), and lateral CEA (11.75 vs. 2.5, p = 0.061). Patients who had greater dysplasia also had more significant degrees of radiographic Tonnis angle correction with the same mobilization movements of the acetabula (p = 0.005). When utilizing 3D printing to model PAO in dysplasia pelvises, we found that both a higher level of preoperative dysplasia and starting the supra-acetabular osteotomy closer to the AIIS were associated with more powerful corrections following smaller manipulations.


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