Fixation Techniques
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2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Chen Jin ◽  
Zhong Wang ◽  
Peng Liu ◽  
Yaoyao Liu ◽  
Zhanwei Wang ◽  

Abstract Background Compression-extension injury with unilateral facet joint fracture is one of the most devastating injuries of subaxial cervical spine. However, it is not yet clear which fixation technique represents the optimal choice in surgical management. This study aims to assess the construct stability at the operative level (C4/C5 cervical spine) following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) alone and combined fixation techniques (posterior-anterior fixations). Methods A previously validated three-dimensional C2-T1 finite element model were modified to simulate surgical procedures via the anterior-only approach (ACDF) and combined cervical approach [(transarticular screw, lateral mass screw, unilateral pedicle screw, bilateral pedicle screw) + ACDF, respectively] for treating compression-extension injury with unilateral facet joint fracture at C4/C5 level. Construct stability (range of rotation, axial compression displacement and anterior shear displacement) at the operative level was comparatively analyzed. Results In comparison with combined fixation techniques, a wider range of motion and a higher maximum von Mises stress was found in single ACDF. There was no obvious difference in range of motion among transarticular screw and other posterior fixations in the presence of anterior fixation. In addition, the screws inserted by transarticular screw technique had high stress concentration at the middle part of the screw but much less than 500 MPa under different conditions. Furthermore, the variability of von Mises stress in the transarticular screw fixation device was significantly lower than ACDF but no obvious difference compared with other posterior fixations. Conclusions Of the five fixation techniques, ACDF has proven poor stability and high structural stress. Compared with lateral and pedicle screw, transarticular screw technique was not worse biomechanically and less technically demanding to acquire in clinical practice. Therefore, our study suggested that combined fixation technique (transarticular screw + ACDF) would be a reasonable treatment option to acquire an immediate stabilization in the management of compression-extension injury with unilateral facet joint fracture. However, clinical aspects must also be regarded when choosing a reconstruction method for a specific patient.

Neurocirugía ◽  
2021 ◽  
Mehmet Seçer ◽  
Oğuz Durmuş Karakoyun ◽  
Murat Ulutaş ◽  
Aykut Gökbel ◽  
Kadir Çınar ◽  

Robert A. Waltz ◽  
Aaron J. Casp ◽  
Matthew T. Provencher ◽  
Armando F. Vidal ◽  
Jonathan A. Godin

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (18) ◽  
pp. 4146
Olivia Jo ◽  
Paul Borbas ◽  
Florian Grubhofer ◽  
Eugene T. Ek ◽  
Christopher Pullen ◽  

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is increasingly used for the treatment of complex proximal humerus fractures and fracture sequelae. In 2021, half a dozen models of fracture stems are commercially available, reflecting its growing utility for fracture management. Prosthesis designs, bone grafting and tuberosity fixation techniques have evolved to allow better and more reliable fixation of tuberosities and bony ingrowth. Patients with anatomical tuberosity healing not only have an increased range of active anterior elevation and external rotation, but also experience fewer complications and longer prosthesis survival. This review provides an overview of recent evidence on basic and fracture-specific RTSA design features as well as tuberosity fixation techniques that can influence tuberosity healing.

2021 ◽  
Vol 108 (Supplement_6) ◽  
B Patel ◽  
C Asher ◽  
N Bystrzonowski ◽  
C Healy

Abstract Aim Effective skin graft fixation is fundamental in preventing sheering forces, seroma and haematoma from compromising graft take. However, determining the ideal method of graft fixation remains a contentious subject. Currently, there is significant variation in fixation techniques used, based not only on clinical requirement, but also surgeon preference. Evidence-based recommendations are necessary to guide the decision-making process. Method We undertook a PRISMA-based assessment of the literature to define all fixation techniques and analyse their outcomes. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were composed. A search of Medline and Embase was performed, yielding 399 articles. After abstract screening, 96 were included for qualitative data analysis. Results Nine fixation techniques were identified: ‘tie over bolster’, ‘staple fixation’, ‘simple dressings’, ‘quilting sutures’, ‘re-look methods’, ‘foam sponge bolster’, ‘adhesive glues’, ‘negative pressure wound therapy’ and ‘less common techniques. We analyse the available evidence for each technique, identifying 13 studies with level I/II evidence. We summarise the research that underpins these nine categories, proposing an algorithm to facilitate technique selection based on anatomical and patient-specific factors. Conclusions An array of skin graft fixation techniques are used in plastic surgery, without clear guidelines. To our knowledge, this is the first time all fixation techniques have been defined. Our suggested algorithm is intended to aid surgeons in selecting an appropriate fixation technique and should be challenged by future research, particularly randomised control trials.

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