group acceptance
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2022 ◽  
Vol In Press (In Press) ◽  
Fatemeh Zargar ◽  
Mahin Rabiei ◽  
Zohre Naderi ◽  
Mohammad Javad Tarrahi

Background: Asthma is a common respiratory disorder that negatively affects quality of life (QOL) and mood status. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of group acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on the symptom control, QOL, and mood status of asthmatic patients. Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 32 asthmatic patients randomly allocated to the case group (underwent group ACT plus medical therapy; n = 15) and the control group (who were medically treated only in 2019; n = 17). The case group participated in 8 sessions of 90-minute group ACT. Spirometry was performed for both groups at baseline and at the end of the intervention. The Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) to assess symptom control status, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to assess mood status, and Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) to assess QOL were filled out by the patients at baseline and at the end of the intervention. Results: The measurements regarding the trend of changes in the case group over the time were significant in all of the evaluated entities, including ACQ, depression and anxiety subscales of HADS, and AQLQ scores (P < 0.05), while nonsignificant alterations were observed in the controls (P > 0.05). The comparison of the 2 groups revealed significant differences in all the assessed entities (P > 0.05). The spirometry variables were statistically significant in the control group at baseline (P < 0.05), while the post-intervention assessments revealed a nonsignificant difference (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Group ACT can efficiently reduce the asthma symptoms in asthmatic patients, along with the remarkable improvement in mood and QOL. Further evaluations with a longer period of intervention are strongly recommended.

2022 ◽  
pp. 232949652110628
Rachel Douglas ◽  
Anne E. Barrett

Cultural constructions of gender and age may be challenged within politically and socially progressive leisure environments, like Key West, that promote social deviance and out-group acceptance. However, this possibility receives limited scholarly attention. Addressing this gap, our study applies a framework that highlights gender and age as performances and uses interviews ( n = 77) collected in 2017 and 2018 at Key West’s Fantasy Fest, an annual carnivalesque event characterized by body displays of nudity, body paint, and costume. In this first systematic study of Fantasy Fest, data analysis revealed four themes centering on gender, age, and bodies—displaying diverse bodies; judging bodies; limiting body displays; and reinterpreting body-related norms. Key West’s cultural ideology of inclusion allowed both young and old participants to perform gender and age in ways that contributed to a more liberating environment celebrating a range of bodies—though performances were constrained by inequalities. Bodies, especially women’s, were subjected to judgments of their sexual appeal that led some, especially older women, to limit their displays. Our findings, nevertheless, suggest progressive, carnivalesque leisure environments’ potential, however fleeting or bounded, to disrupt everyday performances and broaden conceptions of gendered and aging bodies by reinterpreting the norms surrounding them.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Ayten Yiğiter ◽  
Canan Hamurkaroğlu ◽  
Nazan Danacıoğlu

PurposeAcceptance sampling plans are a decision-making process on the basis of a randomly selected sampling from a party, where it is not possible to completely scan the products for reasons such as time and cost being limited or the formation of damaged products during the inspection. For some products, the life span (time from beginning to failure) may be an important quality characteristic. In this case, the quality control adequacy of the products can be checked with an acceptance sampling plan based on the truncated life test with a censored scheme for the lifetime of the products. In this study, group acceptance sampling plans (GASPs) based on life tests are studied under the Type-I censored scheme for the compound Weibull-exponential (CWE) distribution.Design/methodology/approachGASPs based on life tests under the Type-I censored scheme for the CWE distribution are developed by using both the producer's risk and the consumer's risk.FindingsIn this study, optimum sample size, optimum number of groups and acceptance number are obtained under the Type-I censored scheme for the CWE distribution. Real data set illustration is given to show GASPs how to be used for the industry applications.Originality/valueDifferent from acceptance sampling plans with just considering the producer's risk, GASPs are constructed by using two-point approach included both the producer's risk and the consumer's risk for CWE distribution.

Processes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 1066
Abdullah M. Almarashi ◽  
Khushnoor Khan ◽  
Christophe Chesneau ◽  
Farrukh Jamal

The current research concerns the group acceptance sampling plan in the case where (i) the lifetime of the items follows the Marshall–Olkin Kumaraswamy exponential distribution (MOKw-E) and (ii) a large number of items, considered as a group, can be tested at the same time. When the consumer’s risk and the test terminsation period are defined, the key design parameters are extracted. The values of the operating characteristic function are determined for different quality levels. At the specified producer’s risk, the minimum ratios of the true average life to the specified average life are also calculated. The results of the present study will set the platform for future research on various nano quality level topics when the items follow different probability distributions under the Marshall–Olkin Kumaraswamy scheme. Real-world data are used to explain the technique.

Srinivasa Rao Gadde ◽  
Naga Durgamamba A

This research reveals a group acceptance sampling plan (GASP) for lot resubmitting is designed for conditions wherein an item life is taken from the size biased Lomax distribution (SBLD). The plan parameters of the GASP are obtained by fulfilling the prefixed producer’s and consumer’s risks as per the test completion time and the number of testers. The projected plan needs a minimal sample size in comparison with the standard GASP. This proposed plan is justified with an example.

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