post stroke
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 100076
Author(s):  
Erica Adezati ◽  
Melissa Thye ◽  
Amelia J. Edmondson-Stait ◽  
Jerzy P. Szaflarski ◽  
Daniel Mirman

2022 ◽  
Vol 127 ◽  
pp. 108502
Author(s):  
Nishant K. Mishra ◽  
Jerome Engel ◽  
David S. Liebeskind ◽  
Vijay K. Sharma ◽  
Lawrence J. Hirsch ◽  
...  

Antioxidants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 168
Author(s):  
Jin Ah Ryuk ◽  
Byoung Seob Ko ◽  
Na Rang Moon ◽  
Sunmin Park

Corn silk (Stigma maydis), rich in flavonoids, is traditionally used to treat edema, depression, and hyperglycemia and may alleviate ischemic stroke symptoms in Chinese medicine. This study examined whether corn silk water extract (CSW) could alleviate ischemic stroke symptoms and post-stroke hyperglycemia in Mongolian gerbils with transient cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). After being given 0.05% (I/R-LCSW) and 0.2% (I/R-HCSW), 0.02% aspirin (I/R-aspirin), and cellulose (I/R-control) in their 40 energy% fat diets for three weeks, the gerbils underwent an artery occlusion for eight minutes and reperfusion. They took the assigned diet for an additional three weeks. Sham-operated gerbils without artery occlusion had the same diet as Sham-control. CSW intake reduced neuronal cell death in gerbils with I/R and dose-dependently improved the neurological symptoms, including drooped eyes, crouched posture, flexor reflex, and walking patterns. CSW intake also alleviated the short-term memory and spontaneous alteration and grip strength compared to the I/R-control group. The protection against ischemic stroke symptoms was associated with the reduced tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, superoxide, and lipid peroxide levels, promoting superoxide dismutase activity in the hippocampus in the CSW groups, compared to the I/R-control. The blood flow measured by Doppler was improved with CSW compared to the I/R-control. Furthermore, CSW intake prevented the post-stroke hyperglycemia related to decreasing pancreatic β-cell mass as much as the Sham-control, and it was related to protection against β-cell apoptosis, restoring the β-cell mass similar to the Sham-control. CSW intake elevated the relative abundance of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Allobaculum, and Akkermansia compared to the I/R-control. Picrust2 analysis showed that CSW increased the propionate and butyrate metabolism and the starch and glucose metabolism but reduced lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis compared to the I/R-control. In conclusion, CSW intake protects against neuronal cell death and post-hyperglycemia by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation and increasing blood flow and the β-cell mass. The alleviation was associated with promoting the gut-brain axis by changing the gut microbiome community.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 24-28
Author(s):  
哲朗 石田 ◽  
Murayama Tomonori

An 88-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our hospital for cognitive impairment and right-sided paralysis. His head non-contrast computed tomography (CT) showed large low-density areas (LDA) and fibrous structures in the left occipital and temporal lobe regions. Despite the fact that it had been more than 10 years since his stroke, rehabilitation was effective. This is a rare case in which cerebellar culmen -substantia nigra tract assisted rehabilitation after stroke.


Author(s):  
Juliusz Huber ◽  
Katarzyna Kaczmarek ◽  
Katarzyna Leszczyńska ◽  
Przemysław Daroszewski

The aim of this study was to determine the sustained influence of personalized neuromuscular functional electrical stimulation (NMFES) combined with kinesiotherapy (mainly, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)) on the activity of muscle motor units acting antagonistically at the wrist and the ankle in a large population of post-stroke patients. Clinical evaluations of spasticity (Ashworth scale), manual muscle testing (Lovett scale), and surface electromyography recordings at rest (rEMG) and during attempts of maximal muscle contraction (mcEMG) were performed three times in 120 post-stroke patients (T0: up to 7 days after the incidence; T1: after 21 days of treatment; T2: after 60 days of treatment). Patients (N = 120) were divided into two subgroups—60 patients received personalized NMFES and PNF treatment (NMFES+K), and the other 60 received only PNF (K). The NMFES+K therapy resulted in a decrease in spasticity and an increase in muscle strength of mainly flexor muscles, in comparison with the K group. A positive correlation between the increase of rEMG amplitudes and high Ashworth scale scores and a positive correlation between low amplitudes of mcEMG and low Lovett scale scores were found in the wrist flexors and calf muscles on the paretic side. Negative correlations were found between the rEMG and mcEMG amplitudes in the recordings. The five-grade alternate activity score of the antagonists’ actions improved in the NMFES+K group. These improvements in the results of controlled NMFES treatment combined with PNF in patients having experienced an ischemic stroke, in comparison to the use of kinesiotherapy alone, might justify the application of conjoined rehabilitation procedures based on neurophysiological approaches. Considering the results of clinical and neurophysiological studies, we suppose that NMFES of the antagonistic muscle groups acting at the wrist and the ankle may evoke its positive effects in post-stroke patients by the modulation of the activity more in the spinal motor centers, including the level of Ia inhibitory neurons, than only at the muscular level.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Alicen A Whitaker ◽  
Eric D. Vidoni ◽  
Stacey E. Aaron ◽  
Adam G. Rouse ◽  
Sandra A Billinger

Purpose: Current sit-to-stand methods measuring dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) do not capture the precise onset of the time delay (TD) response. Reduced sit-to-stand reactions in older adults and individuals post-stroke could inadvertently introduce variability, error, and imprecise timing. We applied a force sensor during a sit-to-stand task to more accurately determine how TD before dCA onset may be altered. Methods: Middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCAv) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured during two sit-to-stands separated by 15 minutes. Recordings started with participants sitting on a force-sensitive resistor for 60 seconds, then asked to stand for two minutes. Upon standing, the force sensor voltage immediately dropped and marked the exact moment of arise-and-off (AO). Time from AO until an increase in cerebrovascular conductance (CVC = MCAv/MAP) was calculated as TD. Results: We tested the sensor in 4 healthy young adults, 2 older adults, and 2 individuals post-stroke. Healthy young adults stood quickly and the force sensor detected a small change in TD compared to classically estimated AO, from verbal command to stand. When compared to the estimated AO, older adults had a delayed measured AO and TD decreased up to ~50% while individuals post-stroke had an early AO and TD increased up to ~14%. Conclusion: The transition reaction speed during the sit to stand has the potential to influence dCA metrics. As observed in the older adults and participants with stroke, this response may drastically vary and influence TD.


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