lumbar disc
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10.29007/pzv9 ◽  
2022 ◽  
Tran Hong Duyen Trinh ◽  
Thi Hong Thuy Le ◽  
Minh Tri Huynh

Low back pain is a common disease. A common cause of this problem is a herniated disc in the lumbar spine. Lumbar disc herniation represents the displacement of the disc (annular fibrosis or medullary nuclei). While most cases, the pain will disappear in a few days to a few weeks; however, it can last for three months or more. Detection and diagnosis are the two most important tasks in a computer-aided diagnostic system. In this article, we use images taken from the results of the MRI imaging of the patient. Through the use of image inversion to highlight the position of degenerative discs. This result wishes to provide a simple and inexpensive diagnostic image processing method to help doctors quickly determine the degree of disc herniation, the status of lumbar discs, they can give the appropriate treatment to the patient.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Shiyuan Wan ◽  
Bin Xue ◽  
Yanhao Xiong

Lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion disease refers to the degeneration of intervertebral disc, rupture of fibrous ring, nucleus pulpous protrusion and stimulation or compression of nerve root. The import command in Mimics medical 3D reconstruction software was used to erase the irrelevant image data and obtain vertebral body images. The original 3D model of each vertebral body was built by 3D computing function. A three-dimensional finite element model was established to analyze the effect of different surgical methods on the mechanical distribution of the spine after disentomb. The stress distribution of the spine, intervertebral disc, and left and right articular cartilage at L4/L5 stage and the position shift of the fourth lumbar vertebra were analyzed under 7 working conditions of vertical, forward flexion, extension, left and right flexion, and left and right rotation. The results showed that the established model was effective, and the smaller the area of posterior laminar decompression was, the lesser the impact on spinal stability was. The PELD treatment of lumbar disc herniation had little impact on spinal biomechanics and could achieve good long-term biomechanical stability. Combining the clinical experiment method and finite element simulation, using the advantages of finite element software to optimize the design function can provide guidance for the design and improvement of medical devices and has important significance for the study of clinical mechanical properties and biomechanics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Hao-Wei Jiang ◽  
Cheng-Dong Chen ◽  
Bi-Shui Zhan ◽  
Yong-Li Wang ◽  
Pan Tang ◽  

Abstract Background Unilateral biportal endoscopic discectomy (UBE) is a rapidly growing surgical method that uses arthroscopic system for treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH), while percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) has been standardized as a representative minimally invasive spine surgical technique for LDH. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes between UBE and PELD for treatment of patients with LDH. Methods The subjects consisted of 54 patients who underwent UBE (24 cases) and PELD (30 cases) who were followed up for at least 6 months. All patients had lumber disc herniation for 1 level. Outcomes of the patients were assessed with operation time, incision length, hospital stay, total blood loss (TBL), intraoperative blood loss (IBL), hidden blood loss (HBL), complications, total hospitalization costs, visual analogue scale (VAS) for back and leg pain, the Oswestry disability index (ODI) and modified MacNab criteria. Results The VAS scores and ODI decreased significantly in two groups after operation. Preoperative and 1 day, 1 month, 6 months after operation VAS and ODI scores were not significantly different between the two groups. Compared with PELD group, UBE group was associated with higher TBL, higher IBL, higher HBL, longer operation time, longer hospital stay, longer incision length, and more total hospitalization costs. However, a dural tear occurred in one patient of the UBE group. There was no significant difference in the rate of complications between the two groups. Conclusions Application of UBE for treatment of lumbar disc herniation yielded similar clinical outcomes to PELD, including pain control and patient satisfaction. However, UBE was associated with various disadvantages relative to PELD, including increased total, intraoperative and hidden blood loss, longer operation times, longer hospital stays, and more total hospitalization costs.

Mohammad Kaif ◽  
Kuldeep Yadav ◽  
Khursheed Alam Khan ◽  
Rakesh Kumar ◽  
Deepak Kumar Singh ◽  

Abstract Objective The paradigm of surgical therapy for spinal disease especially for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) has gradually shifted from the traditional open surgeries to minimal invasive spinal surgeries. Endoscopic discectomy has been performed widely using various devices and techniques. In this study we present our experience of endoscopic discectomy using a unique device with separate side-viewing channel. Methods Twenty-six patients with LDH treated between March 2015 and April 2018 using the unique conical working tube with separate side-viewing endoscopic channel have been retrospectively analyzed. Their preoperative and postoperative Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Macnab scores were used to evaluate the outcome with a mean follow-up of 37.04 months. Results There were 18 males and 8 females with age ranging from 19 to 72 years (mean, 38.4 years). The follow-up ranged from 25 to 60 months with mean of 37.04 months. The mean preoperative ODI score was 72.4, which decreased to a mean of 7.6 and the outcome evaluated by Macnab criteria was 65.3% excellent, 19.2% good, 11.5% fair, and 3.8% poor. One patient underwent second surgery. None of the patients had to change their occupation postoperatively. Complications that occurred were dural tear in one patient and transient foot paresis in one, which improved spontaneously. Conclusion Endoscopic discectomy using conical working tube is a safe and effective technique for lumbar disc prolapse. The long-term results are comparable to the conventional techniques.

Emilian Tarcău ◽  
Dorina Ianc ◽  
Elena Sîrbu ◽  
Doriana Ciobanu ◽  
Florin Marcu ◽  

Low back pain is a common problem in the active population, and the second reason for visiting a physician. In patients with lumbar disc protrusion, the nucleus pulposus bulges against the disc and the latter protrudes into the spinal column, but the annulus fibrosus remains intact. The purpose of this study was to prove that starting an early complex rehabilitation treatment results into pain and disability reduction, and increased muscle strength and mobility in patients with lumbar disc protrusions. We performed a prospective cohort study, enrolling 60 patients (25 men and 35 women) aged between 26 to 76 years, diagnosed with lumbar disc protrusion. Patients in the experimental group registered significant improvements in all studied variables (pain, mobility, muscle strength, disability) after 6 months of treatment. The results of our study suggest that, in the lumbar disc disease, a combined rehabilitation program may be more effective in terms of pain and disability reduction, if it starts early after diagnosis. The current study proves the importance of combining electrotherapy with hydrotherapy and physical therapy. Patients who received this treatment combination showed an extremely significant improvement in pain relief, and reduction of functional disability after 6 months of treatment.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 15
Mohammad Moein Vakilzadeh ◽  
Sajjad Saghebdoust ◽  
Bita Abbasi ◽  
Reza Zare

Background: Alkaptonuria (AKU) is a rare hereditary disorder in which excess homogentisic acid (HGA) deposits in connective tissues (ochronosis). Here, we report the unusual presentation of a lumbar disc herniation occurring in a patient with AKU warranting surgical intervention. Case Description: A 28-year-old male presented with 1 year of low back pain. The lumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed an extruded disc at the L4-L5 level accompanied extensive disc space narrowing and osteophyte formation. At surgery, the interspinous ligaments, facet joints, and disc herniation were black. In addition, the postoperative re-examination revealed a black discoloration of the nasal and ear cartilage. Finally, the diagnosis of AKU was confirmed when the urine specimen was positive for HGA. Conclusion: Rarely, younger patients with AKU who develop excess black deposits of HGA in connective tissues (i.e., ochronosis) may present with lumbar disc herniations and spondylosis.

2022 ◽  
Xian-Zhu Wang ◽  
Jin Cui ◽  
Jing FU ◽  
Kai-Yang Xue ◽  
Ping-Nan Chen ◽  

Abstract Background Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common and frequently-occurring disease in clinic. Low back pain and sciatica are the presenting symptoms of LDH. To some extent, it can be considered that measures with the capability to improve low back pain or sciatica have the potential to treat LDH. Ma's bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion therapy can effectively reduce the degree of low back pain and has been widely used. Studies of small sample size have seen significant improvement on pain relief. Methods/design: The trial is a multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, non-inferiority study. Three hundred and twelve patients will be randomly assigned to a Ma's bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion group (n=156) and an acupuncture group (n=156).Patients in each group will receive treatment every day,6 times a week, 12 times in total. Follow-up will be conducted 14 days after treatment. The primary outcome will be the visual analogue scale(VAS)at baseline, after 6 times of treatment,the end of treatment, and follow-up. the secondary outcomes will include Oswestry disability indexes (ODI) ,modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association low back pain (M-JOA) score,serum β-endorphin (β-EP) and serum substance P (SP). β-EP and SP as well as safety evaluation indexes (routine blood test, liver and kidney function, and ECG) will be measure at baseline and after the end of treatment. Discussion The results of the trial will compare the efficacy on low back pain in LDH between Ma's bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion group and acupuncture group and will be expected to make a systematic and objective evaluation on the clinical efficacy and safety of Ma's bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion therapy. Trial registration: ChiCTR, ChiCTR2000038725. Registered on 29 September 2020.

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