Surgical Neurology International
Latest Publications


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

3553
(FIVE YEARS 1600)

H-INDEX

38
(FIVE YEARS 10)

Published By Scientific Scholar

2152-7806, 2152-7806

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 17
Author(s):  
Naoki Segi ◽  
Kei Ando ◽  
Hiroaki Nakashima ◽  
Masaaki Machino ◽  
Sadayuki Ito ◽  
...  

Background: Posterior decompression surgery consisting of laminoplasty is generally considered be the treatment of choice for upper thoracic OPLL. Here, we describe a patient who, 10 years following a C3–T4 level laminectomy, developed recurrent OPLL at the T2–3 level with kyphosis requiring a posterior fusion. Case Description: A 64-year-old male with CT documented OPLL at the C3–4, C6–7, and T1–4 levels, originally underwent a cervicothoracic laminectomy with good results. However, 10 years later, when T2–3 OPLL recurred along with kyphosis, he warranted an additional posterior fusion. Conclusion: Due to the long-term risks of developing kyphotic deformity/instability, more patients undergoing initial decompressive surgery alone for upper thoracic OPLL should be considered for primary fusions.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 16
Author(s):  
Coby Cunningham ◽  
Chiara Flores ◽  
Rocco Dabecco ◽  
Palgun Nisarga ◽  
Janice Ahn ◽  
...  

Background: Teratomas are a unique family of tumors derived from two or more of the three embryonic layers: endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. Mature teratomas are comprised the most well-differentiated tissue types and may contain skin, hair, teeth, smooth muscle, respiratory tissues, etc. Infrequently, mature teratomas may be found within the central nervous system and, in exceedingly rare cases, may be occur within the spinal cord itself (i.e., intramedullary/intradural). Case Description: A 78-year-old female presented with a subacute progressive lower extremity paraparesis. The MR revealed a cystic 81 × 30 × 25 mm intradural/intramedullary spinal mass involving the distal conus with exophytic extension into the L1-L4 spinal canal. Following surgical intervention consisting of a L1-L4 laminectomy, the lesion was largely removed. Pathology of the mass confirmed a large mature teratoma containing a multilobulated cyst that intraoperatively compressed the conus and cauda equina. Immediately postoperatively, the patient significantly improved neurologically. However, on postoperative day 2, she acutely developed a change in mental status with the left gaze preference and hemiparesis. CT brain in the acute setting showed no evidence of causative pathology and subsequent MR brain was unremarkable. The patient’s neurologic deficits progressively improved leading to eventual discharge. Conclusion: Intrathecal intramedullary/extramedullary mature teratomas of the conus that results in subacute cauda equina syndromes are rare. The differential diagnosis for such lesions exophytic to the conus must include mature teratomas which, though rare, may be readily resected resulting in generally favorable outcomes.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 13
Author(s):  
Ahmed Ashry ◽  
Hieder Al-Shami ◽  
Medhat Gamal ◽  
Ahmed M Salah

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) evacuation by two burr-hole craniostomies under local versus general anesthesia (GA) in elderly patients over 70 years. Methods: This retrospective study included 45 patients with CSDH aged over 70 years old treated from March 2018 to April 2020. The cases were subdivided into Group A (n = 22) that underwent evacuation under local anesthesia and Group B (n = 23) that was treated under GA. Patients’ demographics and history of comorbidities were recorded. Variables including pre- and post-operative neurological status and Markwalder’s score, complication rate, operative time, and length of hospital stay were evaluated. Results: The mean and standard deviation of patients’ age of groups (A) and (B) were 74.3 ± 2.5 and 73.2 ± 1.7 years, respectively. Postoperative Glasgow Coma Scale of group (A) was statistically higher than Group B at postoperative day 1 (P = 0.01). Operative time was statistically shorter in Group A than B (P < 0.0001). The length of hospital stay was found to be longer in group (B) than (A) (P = 0.0001). The complication rate was found to be higher in group (B) than (A) (P = 0.044). Conclusion: Evacuation of CSDH under local anesthesia in elderly patients over 70 years is effective, safe, and economic with less complication rate than the traditional technique with GA.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 14
Author(s):  
Enrique de Font-Réaulx ◽  
Javier Terrazo-Lluch ◽  
Luis Guillermo Díaz-López ◽  
Miguel Ángel Collado-Corona ◽  
Paul Shkurovich-Bialik ◽  
...  

Background: During epilepsy surgery, the gold standard to identify irritative zones (IZ) is electrocorticography (ECoG); however, new techniques are being developed to detect IZ in epilepsy surgery and in neurosurgery in general, such as infrared thermography mapping (ITM), and the use of thermosensitive/thermochromic materials. Methods: In a cohort study of consecutive patients with focal drug-resistant epilepsy of the temporal lobe treated with surgery, we evaluated possible adverse effects to the transient placement of a thermochromic/thermosensitive silicone (TTS) on the cerebral cortex and their postoperative evolution. Furthermore, we compared the precision of TTS for detecting cortical IZ against the gold standard ECoG and with ITM, as proof of concept. Results: We included 10 consecutive patients, 6 women (60%) and 4 men (40%). Age ranges from 15 to 56 years, mean 33.2 years. All were treated with unilateral temporal functional lobectomy. The mean hospital stay was 4 days. There were no immediate or late complications associated with the use of any of the modalities described. In the 10 patients, we obtained consistency in locating the IZ with ECoG, ITM, and the TTS. Conclusion: The TTS demonstrated biosecurity in this series. The accuracy of the TTS to locate IZ was similar to that of ECoG and ITM in this study. More extensive studies are required to determine its sensitivity and specificity.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 10
Author(s):  
Diogo Roque ◽  
Daniel Cabral ◽  
Cristina Rodrigues ◽  
Nuno Simas

Background: Hemangioblastomas commonly occur in the posterior fossa and are typically attributed to sporadic or familial Von Hippel–Lindau disease. Spinal hemangioblastomas, found in 7–10% of patients, are usually located within the cord (i.e., intramedullary). Here, a 58-year-old male presented with a purely extradural hemangioblastoma involving a spinal root that was surgically excised. Case Description: A 58-year-old male was admitted with a progressive paraparesis and incomplete sensory deficit. The magnetic resonance imaging documented a solid dumbbell-shaped lesion that extended through the left T3-T4 foramen resulting in nerve root and spinal cord compression. Following arterial embolization and lesion excision by both neurosurgeons and thoracic surgeons, the patient’s deficits improved. The postoperative computed tomography scan documented complete tumor removal, and the neuropathology revealed a hemangioblastoma. Conclusion: Here, we describe a 58-year-old male with a purely extradural thoracic foraminal T3-T4 dumbbell-shaped hemangioblastoma successfully treated by both embolization and surgical excision.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 9
Author(s):  
Giancarlo Saal-Zapata ◽  
Basavaraj Ghodke ◽  
Melanie Walker ◽  
Ivethe Pregúntegui-Loayza ◽  
Rodolfo Rodríguez-Varela

Background: Large volume coils are an alternative to conventional coils for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. However, there are no published reports documenting occlusion and complication rates in medium and large intracranial aneurysms. Therefore, we present our results in this subgroup of aneurysms. Methods: A single-center, retrospective analysis of consecutive patients treated with Penumbra coils 400 in aneurysms ≥7 mm was performed. Demographics, aneurysm features, procedural details, intraoperative complications, clinical outcomes, and occlusion rates were analyzed. Results: Thirty-three patients were included for analysis, and a total of 33 intracranial aneurysms were analyzed. Mean age was 57.6 years (SD ± 12.4) and 85% of the patients were women. Large aneurysms represented 46% of cases. Paraclinoid (55%) followed by posterior communicating (30.3%) aneurysms was the most frequently treated. Ruptured and saccular aneurysms were found in 49% and 63% of the cases, respectively. The mean aneurysmal dimensions were 14.2 mm width, 11.9 mm length, 5.4 mm neck, and 2.4 dome-to-neck ratio. A dome-neck ratio <2 was identified in 39% of cases. The mean number of coils per aneurysm was 4.8. Immediate modified Raymond–Roy Grades 1, 2, and 3A were achieved in 15%, 21%, and 64%, respectively. Twenty-six patients were evaluated at a mean follow-up period of 11 months, with an adequate occlusion of 92% and a good clinical outcome (modified Rankin score ≤2) in 96% of patients. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment with PC400 coils is an effective and safe option for medium and large intracranial aneurysms with high occlusion rates, few complications, and good clinical outcomes at follow-up.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 15
Author(s):  
Mohammad Moein Vakilzadeh ◽  
Sajjad Saghebdoust ◽  
Bita Abbasi ◽  
Reza Zare

Background: Alkaptonuria (AKU) is a rare hereditary disorder in which excess homogentisic acid (HGA) deposits in connective tissues (ochronosis). Here, we report the unusual presentation of a lumbar disc herniation occurring in a patient with AKU warranting surgical intervention. Case Description: A 28-year-old male presented with 1 year of low back pain. The lumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed an extruded disc at the L4-L5 level accompanied extensive disc space narrowing and osteophyte formation. At surgery, the interspinous ligaments, facet joints, and disc herniation were black. In addition, the postoperative re-examination revealed a black discoloration of the nasal and ear cartilage. Finally, the diagnosis of AKU was confirmed when the urine specimen was positive for HGA. Conclusion: Rarely, younger patients with AKU who develop excess black deposits of HGA in connective tissues (i.e., ochronosis) may present with lumbar disc herniations and spondylosis.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 12
Author(s):  
Amandeep Godara ◽  
Andy Y. Wang ◽  
Knarik Arkun ◽  
Teresa Fogaren ◽  
Adnan S. Qamar ◽  
...  

Background: Amyloidosis is a protein misfolding disorder that leads to the deposition of beta-pleated sheets of a fibrillar derivative of various protein precursors. Identification of the type of precursor protein is integral in treatment decision-making. The presence of two different types of amyloid in the same patient is unusually rare, and there are no previous reports of two different types of amyloid deposition in the ligamentum flavum (LF) in the same patient. Case Description: Here, we describe two patients with spinal stenosis who underwent laminectomies and were found to have AL and ATTR amyloid deposits in the LF. Conclusion: As the spine is becoming recognized as a site for ATTRwt amyloid deposition, patients undergoing spinal decompression surgery may potentially benefit from evaluation for amyloidosis in the LF.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 11
Author(s):  
Norah Alarifi ◽  
Marc R. Del Bigio ◽  
Jason Beiko

Background: Gangliocytomas are rare neuronal tumors with an incidence of <1% of all central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms. They occur mostly in the pediatric age group, localizing within the cerebral cortex, most often the temporal lobe. Case Description: We report a case of an intracranial gangliocytoma arising within the lateral ventricle in a 66-year-old female. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a diffusely enhancing lobulated mass situated within the frontal horn of the right lateral ventricle with extension into the foramen of Monro and obstructive hydrocephalus. The patient underwent an interhemispheric transcallosal approach with gross total resection and relief of her hydrocephalus. Pathological examination showed clusters of highly pleomorphic neuron-like cells without evidence of neoplastic glial cells. Histopathological and immunohistochemistry findings were consistent with the diagnosis of gangliocytoma (World Health Organization Grade 1). Conclusion: Gangliocytomas are rare low-grade CNS neoplasms that can present in an older population within unusual locations and should be included within the differential whenever a suspicious lesion is encountered.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 8
Author(s):  
Harnarayan Singh ◽  
Rana Patir ◽  
Sandeep Vaishya ◽  
Rahul Miglani ◽  
Anurag Gupta ◽  
...  

Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is a common entity in the elderly. Homogeneous or well-liquefied CSDH has a standard line of treatment through burr hole and irrigation. However, the management of septated chronic subdural hematoma (sCSDH) with multiple membranes does not have a well-defined surgical approach. The neomembranes forming septations prevent evacuation of clots through burr holes, and the small remaining loculi with clots will enlarge overtime to cause recurrence. Methods: Patients with sCSDH were operated through a minicraniotomy (2.5 cm × 2.5 cm) using rigid endoscopes for visualization of the subdural space. Using endoscope, the entire subdural space can be visualized. The neomembranes are removed with standard neurosurgical microinstruments. The entire cavity is irrigated under vision to remove all clots and ensures hemostasis. Results: Eighty-three endoscope-assisted evacuations were done in 68 patients from January 2016 to April 2020. Fifty (73.5%) patients had unilateral and 18 (26.5%) had bilateral subdural. Only 1 patient (1.47%) had a clinically significant recollection of subdural bleeding 1 month after the procedure. Over a mean follow-up period of 25.3 months (range 1–53 months), rest of patients did not show any recollection. Conclusion: Endoscopic evacuation of sCSDH is a safe and effective method and can be used to improve clot evacuation, and remove neomembranes under direct vision to reduce the rates of recollection. This method also obviates the need for larger craniotomies to remove membranes.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document