Image Processing
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2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 27
Author(s):  
Catharina Natasa Bella Fortuna ◽  
Franky Chandra Satria Arisgraha, S.T., M.T. ◽  
Puspa Erawati

Based on various epidemiological studies, it is stated that blood lipids are the main risk factor for atherosclerosis that leads to coronary heart disease. In patients with blood lipid disorders, red blood cells undergo deformability so that their shape is flatter than normal red blood cells, which are round. The research entitled Application of Artificial Neural Network Method as Detection of Blood Fat Abnormalities in Image of Complete Blood Examination Results was conducted to help facilitate laboratory examinations. This research hopes that it will provide appropriate early detection to support the expert diagnosis. This research consists of two stages. The first stage is digital image processing to obtain area, perimeter, and eccentricity features. These three features will be used as input to the Backpropagation Neural Network program as the second stage. At this stage, blood lipid abnormalities are detected from features that have been obtained from image processing. The accuracy of detecting blood lipid abnormalities with ANN Backpropagation is 85%.


Author(s):  
N. E. Staroverov ◽  
A. Y. Gryaznov ◽  
I. G. Kamyshanskaya ◽  
N. N. Potrakhov ◽  
E. D. Kholopova

A method for processing microfocus X-ray images is described. It is based on high-frequency filtration and morphological image processing, which increases the contrast of the X-ray details. One of the most informative X-ray techniques is microfocus X-ray. In some cases, microfocus X-ray images cannot be reliably analyzed due to the peculiarities of the shooting method. So, the main disadvantages of microfocus X-ray images are most often an uneven background, distorted brightness characteristics and the presence of noise. The proposed method for enhancing the contrast of fine image details is based on the idea of combining high-frequency filtering and morphological image processing. The method consists of the following steps: noise suppression in the image, high-frequency filtering, morphological image processing, obtaining the resulting image. As a result of applying the method, the brightness of the contours in the image is enhanced. In the resulting image, all objects will have double outlines. The method was tested in the processing of 50 chest radiographs of patients with various pathologies. Radiographs were performed at the Mariinsky Hospital of St. Petersburg using digital stationary and mobile X-ray machines. In most of the radiographs, it was possible to improve the images contrast, to highlight the objects boundaries. Besides, the method was applied in microfocus X-ray tomography to improve the information content of projection data and improve the reconstruction of the 3D image of the research object. In both the first and second cases, the method showed satisfactory results. The developed method makes it possible to significantly increase the information content of microfocus X-ray images. The obtained practical results make it possible to count on broad prospects for the method application, especially in microfocus X-ray.


Agriculture ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1212
Author(s):  
Ewa Ropelewska ◽  
Kadir Sabanci ◽  
Muhammet Fatih Aslan

The aim of this study was to develop models based on linear dimensions or shape factors, and the sets of combined linear dimensions and shape factors for discrimination of sour cherry pits of different cultivars (‘Debreceni botermo’, ‘Łutówka’, ‘Nefris’, ‘Kelleris’). The geometric parameters were calculated using image processing. The pits of different sour cherry cultivars statistically significantly differed in terms of selected dimensions and shape factors. The discriminative models built based on linear dimensions produced average accuracies of up to 95% for distinguishing the pit cultivars in the case of ‘Nefris’ vs. ‘Kelleris’ and 72% for all four cultivars. The average accuracies for the discriminative models built based on shape factors were up to 95% for the ‘Nefris’ and ‘Kelleris’ pits and 73% for four cultivars. The models combining the linear dimensions and shape factors produced accuracies reaching 96% for the ‘Nefris’ vs. ‘Kelleris’ pits and 75% for all cultivars. The geometric parameters with high discriminative power may be used for distinguishing different cultivars of sour cherry pits. It can be of great importance for practical applications. It may allow avoiding the adulteration and mixing of different cultivars.


Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (23) ◽  
pp. 2989
Author(s):  
Peng Liu ◽  
Yan Song

Vision processing chips have been widely used in image processing and recognition tasks. They are conventionally designed based on the image signal processing (ISP) units directly connected with the sensors. In recent years, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have become the dominant tools for many state-of-the-art vision processing tasks. However, CNNs cannot be processed by a conventional vision processing unit (VPU) with a high speed. On the other side, the CNN processing units cannot process the RAW images from the sensors directly and an ISP unit is required. This makes a vision system inefficient with a lot of data transmission and redundant hardware resources. Additionally, many CNN processing units suffer from a low flexibility for various CNN operations. To solve this problem, this paper proposed an efficient vision processing unit based on a hybrid processing elements array for both CNN accelerating and ISP. Resources are highly shared in this VPU, and a pipelined workflow is introduced to accelerate the vision tasks. We implement the proposed VPU on the Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) platform and various vision tasks are tested on it. The results show that this VPU achieves a high efficiency for both CNN processing and ISP and shows a significant reduction in energy consumption for vision tasks consisting of CNNs and ISP. For various CNN tasks, it maintains an average multiply accumulator utilization of over 94% and achieves a performance of 163.2 GOPS with a frequency of 200 MHz.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Qingfeng Huang ◽  
Yage Huang ◽  
Zhiwei Zhang ◽  
Yujie Zhang ◽  
Weijian Mi ◽  
...  

Truck-lifting accidents are common in container-lifting operations. Previously, the operation sites are needed to arrange workers for observation and guidance. However, with the development of automated equipment in container terminals, an automated accident detection method is required to replace manual workers. Considering the development of vision detection and tracking algorithms, this study designed a vision-based truck-lifting prevention system. This system uses a camera to detect and track the movement of the truck wheel hub during the operation to determine whether the truck chassis is being lifted. The hardware device of this system is easy to install and has good versatility for most container-lifting equipment. The accident detection algorithm combines convolutional neural network detection, traditional image processing, and a multitarget tracking algorithm to calculate the displacement and posture information of the truck during the operation. The experiments show that the measurement accuracy of this system reaches 52 mm, and it can effectively distinguish the trajectories of different wheel hubs, meeting the requirements for detecting lifting accidents.


Mathematics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (23) ◽  
pp. 3101
Author(s):  
Ahsan Bin Tufail ◽  
Yong-Kui Ma ◽  
Mohammed K. A. Kaabar ◽  
Ateeq Ur Rehman ◽  
Rahim Khan ◽  
...  

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a leading health concern affecting the elderly population worldwide. It is defined by amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal loss. Neuroimaging modalities such as positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging are routinely used in clinical settings to monitor the alterations in the brain during the course of progression of AD. Deep learning techniques such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have found numerous applications in healthcare and other technologies. Together with neuroimaging modalities, they can be deployed in clinical settings to learn effective representations of data for different tasks such as classification, segmentation, detection, etc. Image filtering methods are instrumental in making images viable for image processing operations and have found numerous applications in image-processing-related tasks. In this work, we deployed 3D-CNNs to learn effective representations of PET modality data to quantify the impact of different image filtering approaches. We used box filtering, median filtering, Gaussian filtering, and modified Gaussian filtering approaches to preprocess the images and use them for classification using 3D-CNN architecture. Our findings suggest that these approaches are nearly equivalent and have no distinct advantage over one another. For the multiclass classification task between normal control (NC), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and AD classes, the 3D-CNN architecture trained using Gaussian-filtered data performed the best. For binary classification between NC and MCI classes, the 3D-CNN architecture trained using median-filtered data performed the best, while, for binary classification between AD and MCI classes, the 3D-CNN architecture trained using modified Gaussian-filtered data performed the best. Finally, for binary classification between AD and NC classes, the 3D-CNN architecture trained using box-filtered data performed the best.


Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (23) ◽  
pp. 2985
Author(s):  
Christiam F. Frasser ◽  
Miquel Roca ◽  
Josep L. Rosselló

Stochastic computing (SC) is a probabilistic-based processing methodology that has emerged as an energy-efficient solution for implementing image processing and deep learning in hardware. The core of these systems relies on the selection of appropriate Random Number Generators (RNGs) to guarantee an acceptable accuracy. In this work, we demonstrate that classical Linear Feedback Shift Registers (LFSR) can be efficiently used for correlation-sensitive circuits if an appropriate seed selection is followed. For this purpose, we implement some basic SC operations along with a real image processing application, an edge detection circuit. Compared with the literature, the results show that the use of a single LFSR architecture with an appropriate seeding has the best accuracy. Compared to the second best method (Sobol) for 8-bit precision, our work performs 7.3 times better for the quadratic function; a 1.5 improvement factor is observed for the scaled addition; a 1.1 improvement for the multiplication; and a 1.3 factor for edge detection. Finally, we supply the polynomials and seeds that must be employed for different use cases, allowing the SC circuit designer to have a solid base for generating reliable bit-streams.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Peipei Liu

As an effective information carrier, image is the main source for human beings to obtain and exchange information. Therefore, the application field of image processing involves all aspects of human life and work. Image enhancement is an important part of image processing and plays an important role in the whole process of image processing. This paper mainly studies the image enhancement method based on partial differential equation. By analysing the combination of partial differential equation theory and enhancement, aiming at the shortcomings of low recognition accuracy, high error rate, and long time consuming in the current method of urban planning image feature recognition, a feature enhancement and simulation of urban planning image based on partial differential equation method is proposed; the preprocessing of urban planning image is realized by collecting the urban planning image. On the basis of preprocessing the urban planning image, the urban planning image is divided into several equal area subareas; the pixel gray value of each subarea and the average value of pixel distribution density of node landscape image are calculated; and whether the pixel points are at the edge of urban planning image is judged by setting the comprehensive mean threshold. According to the judgment results, the high difference features of urban planning images are intelligently recognized. Simulation results show that the proposed method can realize efficient and accurate recognition of high difference features in urban planning images.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Zhilei Xu ◽  
Mingrui Xia ◽  
Xindi Wang ◽  
Xuhong Liao ◽  
Tengda Zhao ◽  
...  

Macroscopic functional connectomic analyses have identified sets of densely connected regions in the human brain, known as connectome hubs, which play a vital role in understanding network communication, cognitive processing, and brain disorders. However, anatomical locations of functional connectome hubs are largely inconsistent and less reproducible among extant reports, partly due to inadequate sample size and differences in image processing and network analysis. Moreover, the genetic signatures underlying the robust connectome hubs remain unknown. Here, we conduct the first worldwide voxelwise meta-connectomic analysis by pooling resting-state functional MRI data of 5,212 healthy young adults across 61 independent international cohorts with harmonized image processing and network analysis protocols. We identify highly consistent and reproducible functional connectome hubs that are spatially distributed in multiple heteromodal and unimodal regions, with the most robust findings mainly located in lateral parietal regions. These connectome hubs show unique, heterogeneous connectivity profiles and are critical for both intra- and inter-network communications. Using transcriptome data from the Allen Human Brain Atlas and BrainSpan Atlas as well as machine learning, we demonstrate that these robust hubs are significantly associated with a transcriptomic pattern dominated by genes involved in the neuropeptide signaling pathway, neurodevelopmental processes, and cellular metabolic processes. This pattern represents microstructural and metabolic substrates underlying the development and functioning of brain hubs. Together, these results highlight robustness of macroscopic connectome hubs of the human brain and their potential cellular and molecular underpinnings and have implications for understanding how brain hubs support the connectome organization in health and disease.


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