image processing
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Author(s):  
Amjad Nuseir ◽  
Hasan Albalas ◽  
Aya Nuseir ◽  
Maulla Alali ◽  
Firas Zoubi ◽  
...  

This paper aims to use a new technique of computed tomography (CT) scan image processing to correlate the image analysis with sinonasal symptoms. A retrospective cross-sectional study is conducted by analyzing the digital records of 50 patients who attended the ear, nose and throat (ENT) clinics at King Abdullah University Hospital, Jordan. The coronal plane CT scans are analyzed using our developed software. The purposes of this software are to calculate the surface area of the nasal passage at three different levels visible on coronal plane CT scans: i) the head of the inferior turbinate, ii) the head of the middle turbinate, and iii) the tail of the inferior turbinate. We employ image processing techniques to correlate the narrowing of nasal surface area with sinonasal symptoms. As a consequence, obstruction in the first level is correlated significantly with the symptoms of nasal obstruction while the narrowing in the second level is related to frontal headache. No other significant correlations are found with nasal symptoms at the third level. In our study, we find that image processing techniques can be very useful to predict the severity of common nasal symptoms and they can be used to suggest treatment and to follow up on the case progression.


Author(s):  
Moath Alsafasfeh ◽  
Bradely Bazuin ◽  
Ikhlas Abdel-Qader

Real-time inspections for the large-scale solar system may take a long time to get the hazard situations for any failures that may take place in the solar panels normal operations, where prior hazards detection is important. Reducing the execution time and improving the system’s performance are the ultimate goals of multiprocessing or multicore systems. Real-time video processing and analysis from two camcorders, thermal and charge-coupling devices (CCD), mounted on a drone compose the embedded system being proposed for solar panels inspection. The inspection method needs more time for capturing and processing the frames and detecting the faulty panels. The system can determine the longitude and latitude of the defect position information in real-time. In this work, we investigate parallel processing for the image processing operations which reduces the processing time for the inspection systems. The results show a super-linear speedup for real-time condition monitoring in large-scale solar systems. Using the multiprocessing module in Python, we execute fault detection algorithms using streamed frames from both video cameras. The experimental results show a super-linear speedup for thermal and CCD video processing, the execution time is efficiently reduced with an average of 3.1 times and 6.3 times using 2 processes and 4 processes respectively.


2022 ◽  
Vol 151 ◽  
pp. 106875
Author(s):  
Mingyang Ni ◽  
Huaxia Deng ◽  
Xiaokang He ◽  
Yan Li ◽  
Xinglong Gong

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-25
Author(s):  
Saransh Gupta ◽  
Mohsen Imani ◽  
Joonseop Sim ◽  
Andrew Huang ◽  
Fan Wu ◽  
...  

Stochastic computing (SC) reduces the complexity of computation by representing numbers with long streams of independent bits. However, increasing performance in SC comes with either an increase in area or a loss in accuracy. Processing in memory (PIM) computes data in-place while having high memory density and supporting bit-parallel operations with low energy consumption. In this article, we propose COSMO, an architecture for co mputing with s tochastic numbers in me mo ry, which enables SC in memory. The proposed architecture is general and can be used for a wide range of applications. It is a highly dense and parallel architecture that supports most SC encodings and operations in memory. It maximizes the performance and energy efficiency of SC by introducing several innovations: (i) in-memory parallel stochastic number generation, (ii) efficient implication-based logic in memory, (iii) novel memory bit line segmenting, (iv) a new memory-compatible SC addition operation, and (v) enabling flexible block allocation. To show the generality and efficiency of our stochastic architecture, we implement image processing, deep neural networks (DNNs), and hyperdimensional (HD) computing on the proposed hardware. Our evaluations show that running DNN inference on COSMO is 141× faster and 80× more energy efficient as compared to GPU.


2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-17
Author(s):  
Yufei Chen ◽  
Tingtao Li ◽  
Qinming Zhang ◽  
Wei Mao ◽  
Nan Guan ◽  
...  

Pathology image segmentation is an essential step in early detection and diagnosis for various diseases. Due to its complex nature, precise segmentation is not a trivial task. Recently, deep learning has been proved as an effective option for pathology image processing. However, its efficiency is highly restricted by inconsistent annotation quality. In this article, we propose an accurate and noise-tolerant segmentation approach to overcome the aforementioned issues. This approach consists of two main parts: a preprocessing module for data augmentation and a new neural network architecture, ANT-UNet. Experimental results demonstrate that, even on a noisy dataset, the proposed approach can achieve more accurate segmentation with 6% to 35% accuracy improvement versus other commonly used segmentation methods. In addition, the proposed architecture is hardware friendly, which can reduce the amount of parameters to one-tenth of the original and achieve 1.7× speed-up.


2022 ◽  
Vol 193 ◽  
pp. 106693
Author(s):  
Suvarna Bhoj ◽  
Ayon Tarafdar ◽  
Anuj Chauhan ◽  
Mukesh Singh ◽  
Gyanendra Kumar Gaur

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