Oscillation Mode
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2022 ◽  
Vol 258 ◽  
pp. 07002
Author(s):  
Pantelis Pnigouras ◽  
Nils Andersson ◽  
Andrea Passamonti

During the late stages of a neutron star binary inspiral finite-size effects come into play, with the tidal deformability of the supranuclear density matter leaving an imprint on the gravitational-wave signal. As demonstrated in the case of GW170817—the first direct detection of gravitational waves from a neutron star binary—this can lead to strong constraints on the neutron star equation of state. As detectors become more sensitive, effects which may have a smaller influence on the neutron star tidal deformability need to be taken into consideration. Dynamical effects, such as oscillation mode resonances triggered by the orbital motion, have been shown to contribute to the tidal deformability, especially close to the neutron star coalesence, where current detectors are most sensitive. We calculate the contribution of the various stellar oscillation modes to the tidal deformability and demonstrate the (anticipated) dominance of the fundamental mode. We show what the impact of the matter composition is on the tidal deformability, as well as the changes induced by more realistic additions to the problem, e.g. the presence of an elastic crust. Finally, based on this formulation, we develop a simple phenomenological model describing the effective tidal deformability of neutron stars and show that it provides a surprisingly accurate representation of the dynamical tide close to merger.


Author(s):  
Diogo R. Ferreira ◽  
Tiago A. Martins ◽  
Paulo Rodrigues

Abstract In the nuclear fusion community, there are many specialized techniques to analyze the data coming from a variety of diagnostics. One of such techniques is the use of spectrograms to analyze the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) behavior of fusion plasmas. Physicists look at the spectrogram to identify the oscillation modes of the plasma, and to study instabilities that may lead to plasma disruptions. One of the major causes of disruptions occurs when an oscillation mode interacts with the wall, stops rotating, and becomes a locked mode. In this work, we use deep learning to predict the occurrence of locked modes from MHD spectrograms. In particular, we use a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with Class Activation Mapping (CAM) to pinpoint the exact behavior that the model thinks is responsible for the locked mode. Surprisingly, we find that, in general, the model explanation agrees quite well with the physical interpretation of the behavior observed in the spectrogram.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2076 (1) ◽  
pp. 012116
Author(s):  
Mengxue Sun ◽  
Ruixin Gao ◽  
Yuhui Ji ◽  
Xin Long ◽  
Changzhi Yao ◽  
...  

Abstract Aiming at the sub-synchronous oscillation (SSO) problem of the grid-connected system of multiple DFIGs, most of the existing theoretical studies take the entire wind farm as a single-machine model, the stand-alone model cannot reflect the inside-wind-farm oscillation mode produced by the interactions among DFIGs in the wind farm. Therefore, this paper takes the equivalent value of DFIG-based wind farm to three DFIGs, establishes a mathematical model of the grid-connected system of three DFIGs, and studies the sub-synchronous oscillation modes existing in the system through eigenvalue analysis and participation factor analysis. The results show: When the length of transmission line increases, the oscillation frequency of the inside-wind-farm/wind-farm-grid sub-synchronous oscillation mode increases, the damping decreases and the stability weakens; when the number of grid-connected DFIGs increases, the oscillation frequency of the inside-wind-farm/wind-farm-grid sub-synchronous oscillation mode decreases, the damping increases and the stability enhances. Finally, a time-domain simulation model of the grid-connected system of multiple DFIGs was built in PSCAD/EMTDC to verify the correctness of the theoretical analysis results.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (3) ◽  
pp. 7-13
Author(s):  
I. Kuzmichev ◽  
B. I. Muzychishin ◽  
A. Y. Popkov

The paper analyzes the summation of the powers of two sources in a hemispherical open resonator (OR) during its tuning. The first higher axially asymmetric TEM10q oscillation mode is excited in the resonator. A circuit with an E- tee waveguide is proposed, which makes it possible to research the summation of the powers using a Gunn diode. Studies of the conducting part of the millimeter range have been undertaken. It is shown that the coefficient of powers summation of two sources in the OR using slot coupling elements does not exceed 72%. The use of one H- polarized diffraction grating, which is in the resonator, does not lead to a significant increase in the summation coefficient when moving it. This is due to the excitation of the first type of TEM10q oscillations in the resonator.


2021 ◽  
pp. 88-96
Author(s):  
Alexey Smirnov ◽  
Boris Smolnikov

This article is devoted to the study of controlled movements of spatial double pendulum with non-parallel cylindrical joints axes. The collinear control is used to swinging of the system by feedback. The most important property of collinear control is the ability of increasing system oscillations only on one oscillation mode. A modification of the collinear control law with variable gain depending on the energy level is investigated. It allows to control the system motions more flexible than in the case of constant gain. As a result, it is possible to observe a smooth transition from a linear oscillation mode to a nonlinear one with a gradual output to a steady oscillation motion with a given energy level. The obtained results are clearly illustrated by graph dependencies that demonstrate the swinging of the system on one oscillation mode from small to finite amplitudes.


2021 ◽  
Vol 34 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Xingpei Wu ◽  
Jiankang Huang ◽  
Jing He ◽  
Shien Liu ◽  
Guangyin Liu ◽  
...  

AbstractResearchers have recently attempted to monitor pool oscillations using the three-dimensional laser vision method. However, the deficiency of simulation software will result in significant capital expenditure. Both simulations and experiments are performed in this study, and the Bessel equation is used to analyze the oscillation mode of a weld pool. The laser dot matrix images of (0, 1), (1, 1), (2, 1), and (0, 2) oscillation modes at different times are obtained via structured laser optical measurement simulation. The oscillation mode of a stationary gas tungsten arc weld pool is analyzed based on laser dot matrix images obtained from a structure laser experiment. Results show that the simulated laser dot matrix images are consistent with the experiment results. The oscillation mode of the weld pool can be recognized based on the laser dot matrix image. This study not only provides conditions for assessing the penetrating state of a weld pool, but also enable a further understanding of the oscillation mode of a weld pool and the development of more effective observation methods and measurement tools to effectively control and improve welding quality.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Nicolas Claverie ◽  
Pierrick Buvat ◽  
Jérôme Casas

AbstractWhen sampling odors, many insects are moving their antennae in a complex but repeatable fashion. Previous works with bees have tracked antennal movements in only two dimensions, with a low sampling rate and with relatively few odorants. A detailed characterization of the multimodal antennal movement patterns as function of olfactory stimuli is thus wanting. The aim of this study is to test for a relationship between the scanning movements and the properties of the odor molecule.We tracked several key locations on the antennae of 21 bumblebees at high frequency (up to 1200 fps) and in three dimensions while submitting them to puffs of 11 common odorants released in a low-speed continuous flow. To cover the range of diffusivity and molecule size of most odors sampled by bees, compounds as different as butanol and farnesene were chosen, with variations of 200% in molar masses. Water and paraffin were used as negative controls. Movement analysis was done on the tip, the scape and the base of the antennae tracked with the neural network Deeplabcut.Bees use a stereotypical motion of their antennae when smelling odors, similar across all bees, independently of the identity of the odors and hence their diffusivity. The variability in the movement amplitude among odors is as large as between individuals. The first oscillation mode at low frequencies and large amplitude (ca. 1-3 Hz, ca. 100°) is triggered by the presence of an odor and is in line with previous work, as is the speed of movement. The second oscillation mode at higher frequencies and smaller amplitude (40 Hz, ca. 0.1°) is constantly present. Antennae are quickly deployed when a stimulus is perceived, decorrelate their movement trajectories rapidly and oscillate vertically with a large amplitude and laterally with a smaller one. The cone of air space thus sampled was identified through the 3D understanding of the motion patterns.The amplitude and speed of antennal scanning movements seem to be function of the internal state of the animal, rather than determined by the odorant. Still, bees display an active olfaction strategy. First, they deploy their antennae when perceiving an odor rather than let them passively encounter it. Second, fast vertical scanning movements further increase the flow speed experienced by an antenna and hence the odorant capture rate. Finally, lateral movements might enhance the likelihood to locate the source of odor, similarly to the lateral scanning movement of insects at odor plume boundaries. Definitive proofs of this function will require the simultaneous 3D recordings of antennal movements with both the air flow and odor fields.


Author(s):  
Ashwini Karmarkar ◽  
Isaac Boxx ◽  
Jacqueline O'Connor

Abstract Combustion instability, which is the result of a coupling between combustor acoustic modes and unsteady flame heat release rate, is a severely limiting factor in the operability and performance of modern gas turbine engines. This coupling can occur through different coupling pathways, such as flow field fluctuations or equivalence ratio fluctuations. In realistic combustor systems, there are complex hydrodynamic and thermo-chemical processes involved, which can lead to multiple coupling pathways. In this study, we use a model gas turbine combustor with two concentric swirling nozzles of air, separated by a ring of fuel injectors, operating at an elevated pressure of 5 bar. The flow split between the two streams is systematically varied to observe the impact on the flow and flame dynamics. High-speed stereoscopic particle image velocimetry, OH planar laser-induced fluorescence, and acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence are used to obtain information about the velocity field, flame, and fuel-flow behavior, respectively. Depending on the flow conditions, a thermoacoustic oscillation mode or a hydrodynamic mode, identified as the precessing vortex core, is present. Our results show that, for this combustor system, changing the flow split between the two concentric nozzles can alter the dominant harmonic oscillation modes in the system, which can significantly impact the dispersion of fuel into air, thereby modulating the local equivalence ratio of the flame. This insight can be used to design instability control mechanisms in real gas turbine engines.


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