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Music is a widely used data format in the explosion of Internet information. Automatically identifying the style of online music in the Internet is an important and hot topic in the field of music information retrieval and music production. Recently, automatic music style recognition has been used in many real life scenes. Due to the emerging of machine learning, it provides a good foundation for automatic music style recognition. This paper adopts machine learning technology to establish an automatic music style recognition system. First, the online music is process by waveform analysis to remove the noises. Second, the denoised music signals are represented as sample entropy features by using empirical model decomposition. Lastly, the extracted features are used to learn a relative margin support vector machine model to predict future music style. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262407
Rui Fu ◽  
Robert Schwartz ◽  
Nicholas Mitsakakis ◽  
Lori M. Diemert ◽  
Shawn O’Connor ◽  

Prior research has suggested that a set of unique characteristics may be associated with adult cigarette smokers who are able to quit smoking using e-cigarettes (vaping). In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to identify and rank the importance of these characteristics using machine learning. During July and August 2019, an online survey was administered to a convenience sample of 889 adult smokers (age ≥ 20) in Ontario, Canada who tried vaping to quit smoking in the past 12 months. Fifty-one person-level characteristics, including a Vaping Experiences Score, were assessed in a gradient boosting machine model to classify the status of perceived success in vaping-assisted smoking cessation. This model was trained using cross-validation and tested using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The top five most important predictors were identified using a score between 0% and 100% that represented the relative importance of each variable in model training. About 20% of participants (N = 174, 19.6%) reported success in vaping-assisted smoking cessation. The model achieved relatively high performance with an area under the ROC curve of 0.865 and classification accuracy of 0.831 (95% CI [confidence interval] 0.780 to 0.874). The top five most important predictors of perceived success in vaping-assisted smoking cessation were more positive experiences measured by the Vaping Experiences Score (100%), less previously failed quit attempts by vaping (39.0%), younger age (21.9%), having vaped 100 times (16.8%), and vaping shortly after waking up (15.8%). Our findings provide strong statistical evidence that shows better vaping experiences are associated with greater perceived success in smoking cessation by vaping. Furthermore, our study confirmed the strength of machine learning techniques in vaping-related outcomes research based on observational data.

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 209
Hongxing Gao ◽  
Guoxi Liang ◽  
Huiling Chen

In this study, the authors aimed to study an effective intelligent method for employment stability prediction in order to provide a reasonable reference for postgraduate employment decision and for policy formulation in related departments. First, this paper introduces an enhanced slime mould algorithm (MSMA) with a multi-population strategy. Moreover, this paper proposes a prediction model based on the modified algorithm and the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm called MSMA-SVM. Among them, the multi-population strategy balances the exploitation and exploration ability of the algorithm and improves the solution accuracy of the algorithm. Additionally, the proposed model enhances the ability to optimize the support vector machine for parameter tuning and for identifying compact feature subsets to obtain more appropriate parameters and feature subsets. Then, the proposed modified slime mould algorithm is compared against various other famous algorithms in experiments on the 30 IEEE CEC2017 benchmark functions. The experimental results indicate that the established modified slime mould algorithm has an observably better performance compared to the algorithms on most functions. Meanwhile, a comparison between the optimal support vector machine model and other several machine learning methods on their ability to predict employment stability was conducted, and the results showed that the suggested the optimal support vector machine model has better classification ability and more stable performance. Therefore, it is possible to infer that the optimal support vector machine model is likely to be an effective tool that can be used to predict employment stability.

Qingren Wang ◽  
Min Zhang ◽  
Yiwen Zhang ◽  
Jinqin Zhong ◽  
Victor S. Sheng

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Weilin Long ◽  
Yi Gao

The artificial intelligence education system promotes the rooting of artificial intelligence in the education field and accelerates its entry into the era of intelligent education. This article focuses on the development of the artificial intelligence education system and proposes an artificial intelligence education system based on differential evolution algorithm optimization support vector machine. First, the processing of educational demand information data is automated, then a differential evolution algorithm is built to optimize the support vector machine model, and the model is used to implement various educational tasks to achieve automated education. The test results show that the model classification accuracy, classification recall rate, classification accuracy rate, and F1-score value are 4 items. Performances have been improved to improve the efficiency of education work and provide a reference for exploring the application and practice of artificial intelligence in education.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Saiqiang Xia ◽  
Chaowei Zhang ◽  
Wanyong Cai ◽  
Jun Yang ◽  
Liangfa Hua ◽  

For a conventional narrowband radar system, its insufficient bandwidth usually leads to the lack of detectable information of the target, and it is difficult for the radar to classify the target types, such as rotor helicopter, propeller aircraft, and jet aircraft. To address the classification problem of three different types of aircraft target, a joint multifeature classification method based on the micro-Doppler effect in the echo caused by the target micromotion is proposed in this paper. Through the characteristics analysis of the target simulation echoes obtained from the target scattering point model, four features with obvious distinguishability are extracted from the time domain and frequency domain, respectively, that is, flicker interval, fractal dimension, modulation bandwidth, and second central moment. Then, a support vector machine model will be applied to the classification of the three different types of aircraft. Compared with the conventional method, the proposed method has better classification performance and can significantly improve the classification probability of aircraft target. The simulations are carried out to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Lymphology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (3) ◽  
P.H. Kuo

LYMPHSPIRATION: In a thought experiment, a "washing machine" model is proposed based on turbulent flow from complex multi-dimensional forces to characterize fluid dynamics in the brain. The glymphatic system's hypothetical role in this system is illustrated in a series of diagrams. Implications of this model are discussed in terms of normal physiology and a variety of pathologic conditions such as brain atrophy and Alzheimer disease.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 16
S M Sajjad Hossain Rafin ◽  
Qasim Ali ◽  
Thomas A. Lipo

This paper proposes a novel brushless synchronous machine topology that utilizes stator sub-harmonic magnetomotive force (MMF) for desirable brushless operation. The sub-harmonic MMF component that is used in this novel topology is one fourth of the fundamental MMF component, whereas, in previous practices, it was half. To achieve the brushless operation, the novel machine uses a unique stator winding configuration of two sets of balanced 3-phase winding wound in 3 layers. For the rotor, additional winding is placed to induce the sub-harmonic component to achieve the brushless excitation. Unlike its predecessors, it utilizes maximum allowable space in the stator to house conductors in all of its slots. To implement the topology, 8-pole, 48-slot sub-harmonic brushless synchronous machine model has been designed. A 2-D finite element analysis (FEA) is used to simulate and validate the performance of the novel machine as a motor. The proposed topology shows better average torque than the existing sub-harmonic wound rotor brushless synchronous machine topologies.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Zhuang Zhao ◽  
Jiyu Wei ◽  
Bin Jiang

Large sky survey telescopes have produced a tremendous amount of astronomical data, including spectra. Machine learning methods must be employed to automatically process the spectral data obtained by these telescopes. Classification of stellar spectra by applying deep learning is an important research direction for the automatic classification of high-dimensional celestial spectra. In this paper, a robust ensemble convolutional neural network (ECNN) was designed and applied to improve the classification accuracy of massive stellar spectra from the Sloan digital sky survey. We designed six classifiers which consist six different convolutional neural networks (CNN), respectively, to recognize the spectra in DR16. Then, according the cross-entropy testing error of the spectra at different signal-to-noise ratios, we integrate the results of different classifiers in an ensemble learning way to improve the effect of classification. The experimental result proved that our one-dimensional ECNN strategy could achieve 95.0% accuracy in the classification task of the stellar spectra, a level of accuracy that exceeds that of the classical principal component analysis and support vector machine model.

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