estimation method
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2022 ◽  
Vol 206 ◽  
pp. 107771
F. Beltran-Carbajal ◽  
R. Tapia-Olvera ◽  
A. Valderrabano-Gonzalez ◽  
H. Yanez-Badillo

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 895
Laura Pierucci

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) have attracted increasing attention in acting as a relay for effectively improving the coverage and data rate of wireless systems, and according to this vision, they will be integrated in the future sixth generation (6G) cellular network. Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and mmWave band are planned to support ubiquitous connectivity towards a massive number of users in the 6G and Internet of Things (IOT) contexts. Unfortunately, the wireless terrestrial link between the end-users and the base station (BS) can suffer severe blockage conditions. Instead, UAV relaying can establish a line-of-sight (LoS) connection with high probability due to its flying height. The present paper focuses on a multi-UAV network which supports an uplink (UL) NOMA cellular system. In particular, by operating in the mmWave band, hybrid beamforming architecture is adopted. The MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) spectral estimation method is considered at the hybrid beamforming to detect the different direction of arrival (DoA) of each UAV. We newly design the sum-rate maximization problem of the UAV-aided NOMA 6G network specifically for the uplink mmWave transmission. Numerical results point out the better behavior obtained by the use of UAV relays and the MUSIC DoA estimation in the Hybrid mmWave beamforming in terms of achievable sum-rate in comparison to UL NOMA connections without the help of a UAV network.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 114
Frank Neugebauer ◽  
Marios Antonakakis ◽  
Kanjana Unnwongse ◽  
Yaroslav Parpaley ◽  
Jörg Wellmer ◽  

MEG and EEG source analysis is frequently used for the presurgical evaluation of pharmacoresistant epilepsy patients. The source localization of the epileptogenic zone depends, among other aspects, on the selected inverse and forward approaches and their respective parameter choices. In this validation study, we compare the standard dipole scanning method with two beamformer approaches for the inverse problem, and we investigate the influence of the covariance estimation method and the strength of regularization on the localization performance for EEG, MEG, and combined EEG and MEG. For forward modelling, we investigate the difference between calibrated six-compartment and standard three-compartment head modelling. In a retrospective study, two patients with focal epilepsy due to focal cortical dysplasia type IIb and seizure freedom following lesionectomy or radiofrequency-guided thermocoagulation (RFTC) used the distance of the localization of interictal epileptic spikes to the resection cavity resp. RFTC lesion as reference for good localization. We found that beamformer localization can be sensitive to the choice of the regularization parameter, which has to be individually optimized. Estimation of the covariance matrix with averaged spike data yielded more robust results across the modalities. MEG was the dominant modality and provided a good localization in one case, while it was EEG for the other. When combining the modalities, the good results of the dominant modality were mostly not spoiled by the weaker modality. For appropriate regularization parameter choices, the beamformer localized better than the standard dipole scan. Compared to the importance of an appropriate regularization, the sensitivity of the localization to the head modelling was smaller, due to similar skull conductivity modelling and the fixed source space without orientation constraint.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 747
Yaxiong Ren ◽  
Christian Adams ◽  
Tobias Melz

In recent years, the rapid growth of computing technology has enabled identifying mathematical models for vibration systems using measurement data instead of domain knowledge. Within this category, the method Sparse Identification of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems (SINDy) shows potential for interpretable identification. Therefore, in this work, a procedure of system identification based on the SINDy framework is developed and validated on a single-mass oscillator. To estimate the parameters in the SINDy model, two sparse regression methods are discussed. Compared with the Least Squares method with Sequential Threshold (LSST), which is the original estimation method from SINDy, the Least Squares method Post-LASSO (LSPL) shows better performance in numerical Monte Carlo Simulations (MCSs) of a single-mass oscillator in terms of sparseness, convergence, identified eigenfrequency, and coefficient of determination. Furthermore, the developed method SINDy-LSPL was successfully implemented with real measurement data of a single-mass oscillator with known theoretical parameters. The identified parameters using a sweep signal as excitation are more consistent and accurate than those identified using impulse excitation. In both cases, there exists a dependency of the identified parameter on the excitation amplitude that should be investigated in further research.

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