Device Implantation
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2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (Supplement_1) ◽  
M Mazurek ◽  
E Jedrzejczyk-Patej ◽  
A Sokal ◽  
J Gumprecht ◽  
A Kotalczyk ◽  

Abstract Background Advanced heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is associated with poor prognosis. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective method of treatment for advanced HFrEF to reduce HF hospitalizations and mortality. Nonetheless, very long-term observation of HF patients undergoing CRT implantation is scarce. Aim To assess very long-term survival (≥10 years) and predictors of shorter survival (death within 10 years from CRT implantation). Methods We screened a large dataset of CRT population from a tertiary care university hospital comprising consecutive HF patients implanted with CRT from 2002 through 2019 to select those who were alive ≥10 years and those who died within 10 years since device implantation. We analyzed various patients' baseline, clinical and procedural characteristics and sought for predictors of mortality within 10 years from CRT implantation. Results Of 1059 CRT patients, 143 (13.5%) were alive ≥10 years since CRT implantation. On multivariable regression analysis the independent predictors for all-cause death up to 10 years from CRT implantation were as follows: age, HR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01–1.31; male sex, 1.27, 95% CI 1.01–1.60; primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD), HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.58–0.89; ischemic cardiomyopathy, HR 1.41, 95% CI 1.76–1.70; NYHA class at implantation, HR 1.38, 95% CI 1.17–1.62; baseline left ventricle ejection fraction (EF), HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96–0.98; severe mitral regurgitation, HR 1.38; 95% CI 1.08–1.75; baseline NT-proBNP concentration, HR 1.00, 95% CI 1.00–1.00; and creatinine level, HR 1.00, 95% CI 1.00–1.01. Conclusions In a real-life patient population with CRT only 13.5% survived over 10 years since device implantation. Independent predictors for death within 10 years since CRT implantation were older age, male sex, secondary prevention of SCD, ischemic and more advanced heart failure along with renal impairment. FUNDunding Acknowledgement Type of funding sources: None.

QJM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 114 (Supplement_1) ◽  
Ahmed Mohamed Abd Elaziz ◽  
Ahmed Yehia Ramadan ◽  
Haitham Abd Elfatah Badran ◽  
Saied Abd Elhafiz Khalid

Abstract Objective To assess the effects of trans-tricuspid placement of permanent pacemaker (PPM), on the right-sided heart function and tricuspid valve function. Background Over the last decade there has been a significant increase in the number of cardiac device implantation as permanent pacemakers (PPM) worldwide in patients with cardiac rhythm disorders. Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) due to the endocardial lead is a known complication of this procedure, however the incidence of new or worsening TR had not been well studied. Patients and Methods We reviewed patients who underwent permanent pacemaker implantation in our cardiology department in Ain Shams University. Patients who had pacemaker implantation less than one year ago, had severe tricuspid regurgitation before implantation or had previous tricuspid valve repair were excluded. A total of one hundred patients with an echocardiographic study before and another echocardiographic study at least one year after device implantation were included in our study. TR severity was graded as (0 none/trace, 1 mild, 2 moderate, 3 severe). Results Of the 100 patients (Mean age: 53.10 ± 16.04, 50% of patients were males) 65 had DDD and 35 had VVI. Before implantation 25 patient had trace TR (grade 0) vs. 6 patients after, 75 patients had mild TR (grade 1) vs. 82 after, with no patient had moderate TR (grade 2) vs. 12 patients after. TR worsened by one grade in 25 patients, (16 patients from grade 0 to grade 1 and 9 patients from grade 1 to grade 2) and by 2 grades in 3 patients (from grade 0 to grade 2), Pvalue < 0.01. TR jet area size (Mean ± SD: 2.80 ± 0.77 before vs. 4.15 ± 1.29 after, P-value < 0.01). Also, 99 patients had normal RV size and one had dilated RV before implantation vs. 95 patient had normal RV and 5 had dilated RV (p-value= 0.097). RV size, LVEF (Mean ± SD: 56.41% ± 7.52 before vs. 55.77% ± 8.00 after), RV function by TASPE (Mean ± SD: 19.15 ± 1.00 before vs. 18.96 ± 0.96 after), RVSP (Mean ± SD: 29.48mmHg ± 5.54 before vs. 29.81 ± 5.09 after) and diastolic function by E/A ratio (Mean ± SD: 1.60 ± 0.39 before vs. 1.57 ± 0.38 after implantation) did not show significant change. Conclusion Permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation is associated with worsening of tricuspid regurgitation. Echocardiography plays an important role in assessing and grading this condition. Further studies are needed in order to illustrate the effects of these finding on patients outcomes.

Christoph Knosalla ◽  
Pia Lanmüller ◽  
Christoph Starck ◽  
Natalia Solowjowa ◽  
Volkmar Falk ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (Supplement_1) ◽  
F Meijerink ◽  
I Wolsink ◽  
M Holierook ◽  
E V Chekanova ◽  
R N Planken ◽  

Abstract Background Transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) is increasingly used to treat mitral regurgitation (MR) in high risk patients. Optimal transseptal access and guiding catheter position are essential to perform adequate repair. Anatomy of the inter-atrial septum (IAS) and mitral annulus (MA) are often complex and difficult to determine from echocardiography. Purpose The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether pre-TMVR cardiac CT and 3D reconstruction of the IAS and MA could discriminate for complexity and hemodynamic effect of TMVR. Methods Patients planned for TMVR, underwent cardiac CT scan (if eligible). Post-processing software was used to segment and reconstruct the aortic root, IAS, fossa ovalis (FO) and MA, resulting in a 3D model. The following parameters were measured in each model: (1) IAS angle (°) (2) Posterior-FO angle (°) (3) FO-perpendicularity angle (°) (4) MA area (cm2). Patient specific anatomy was categorized in 4 groups as either (1) Posterior-perpendicular (PP) FO + limited IAS angle, (2) PP FO + wide IAS angle, (3) non-PP FO + limited IAS angle or (4) non-PP FO + wide IAS angle. PP FO was defined as posterior-FO angle >65° and FO-perpendicularity angle >135°. IAS angle was considered limited if <110°. Device implantation time (min) was used to assess complexity of the procedure and was compared between the different groups. MR reduction (grades), number of clips used and mitral valve (MV) gradient (mmHg) were compared for patients with MA area <14 cm2 vs. ≥14 cm2. Results 46 patients (mean age 75 years, 41% male) were included. Anatomy was classified (1) PP FO + limited IAS angle in 13, (2) PP FO + wide IAS angle in 13, (3) Non-PP FO + limited IAS angle in 8 and (4) Non-PP FO + wide IAS angle in 12. Median device implantation time was 20 min in group 1, compared to 39 min in group 2 (p=0.02), 33 min in group 3 (p=0.03) and 29 min in group 4 (p=0.08). In patients with MA area <14 cm2, MR reduction was greater (2.22 vs. 1.68, p=0.02), number of clips used was lower (1.44 vs. 1.79, p=0.05) and MV gradient was higher, though not significant (3.15 vs. 2.58, p=0.26) Conclusion The current study showed that TMVR seemed less complex in patients with an optimal anatomy. In patients with limited mitral annulus area a more favorable hemodynamic effect was achieved. Cardiac CT and 3D reconstruction could therefore be of strong aid for procedural planning of TMVR. FUNDunding Acknowledgement Type of funding sources: Private grant(s) and/or Sponsorship. Main funding source(s): Abbott Vascular Anatomy and device implantation time Hemodynamic effect of annulus area

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