BACKGROUND Blood pressure monitoring in intraoperative period is one of the basic parameters in haemodynamic monitoring. This guides an anaesthesiologist to maintain an optimal condition between the patient’s stress condition and the depth of anaesthesia. Blood pressure can be measured either invasively or non-invasively in patients undergoing surgery. Invasive measurement from an arterial line is the preferred method even though there may be calibration errors, movement artefacts and over or under damping. The gold standard in cases of high-risk prolonged surgery is continuous monitoring of blood pressure by means of invasive blood pressure (IBP) measurement. The purpose of this study was to compare the non-invasive and invasive blood pressure monitoring in patients undergoing high risk surgeries METHODS After getting institutional ethical committee (H) clearance, study was conducted on 40 patients undergoing high-risk prolonged surgeries. Non-invasive blood pressures (NIBP) were recorded by oscillometric method before intubation, after intubation, half an hour after intubation and one hour after intubation. Simultaneously invasive blood pressure monitoring was done by establishing radial artery line. Bland-Altman plot was used to compare the blood pressure measurement by the non-invasive and invasive method. RESULTS Systolic blood pressure readings using non-invasive blood pressure monitoring was overestimated, diastolic and mean arterial pressure (MAP) readings using noninvasive blood pressure monitoring was underestimated in all instances. In all time points non-invasive blood pressure showed a good correlation with invasive blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS The study revealed that there is statistically significant difference between noninvasive and invasive blood pressure readings. We recommend invasive blood pressure monitoring in high-risk surgeries and critically ill patients, although a large-scale study is required to arrive at a conclusion. KEYWORDS Non-invasive Blood Pressure, Invasive Blood Pressure, Bland-Altman Analysis, High Risk Surgery
This paper reviews recent advances in non-invasive blood pressure monitoring and highlights the added value of a novel algorithm-based blood pressure sensor which uses machine-learning techniques to extract blood pressure values from the shape of the pulse waveform. We report results from preliminary studies on a range of patient populations and discuss the accuracy and limitations of this capacitive-based technology and its potential application in hospitals and communities.
Background: In order to reduce the risk of invasive blood pressure monitoring and improve the safety and efficiency, this article mainly analyzes the effectiveness and safety of using positive-pressure connector for invasive blood pressure monitoring in patients with coronary artery interventional therapy, so as to improve the invasive blood pressure monitoring method.Aim: To study and analyze the application of positive-pressure connector in invasive blood pressure monitoring in coronary interventional therapy.Methods: From October 2017 to October 2019, a total of 120 patients admitted to Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou, Hebei, China, for coronary interventional therapy with invasive blood pressure monitoring were selected and divided into a control group and an experimental group by drawing lots with 60 patients in each group. Positive-pressure connector was used for invasive blood pressure detection in the experimental group, and heparin cap connector was used for invasive blood pressure detection in the control group. The effectiveness and safety of blood pressure monitoring in the two groups were compared, and the influence of different joints on invasive blood pressure monitoring was analyzed.Results: The influencing factors of puncture efficiency in the experimental group (6.67%) were significantly lower than those in the control group (30.00%) (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in catheter bending between the experimental group and the control group (P > 0.05). The experimental group exhibited a remarkably higher puncture safety rate (93%) compared to the control group (67%) (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in arterial blood pressure between the two groups with different indwelling time (P > 0.05). The frequency of extubation and reinsertion in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Factors influencing puncture safety in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion: The use of positive-pressure connector for invasive blood pressure monitoring in patients with coronary artery interventional therapy can greatly improve the safety of blood pressure monitoring and reduce the suffering of patients. Therefore, the application of positive-pressure connector in invasive blood pressure monitoring is worthy of promotion and application in clinical practice.
A six month old cross bred calf was presented with a swelling on lateral abdomen
and diagnosed with lateral abdominal hernia, which underwent herniorrhaphy under general
anaesthesia formed the subject of the study. The animal was administered with meloxicam @
0.5 mg/kg body weight intravenously for pre-emptive analgesia. Thirty minutes later, xylazine @
0.02 mg/kg and butorphanol @ 0.05 mg/kg, were administered intravenously. Upon sedation, the
animal was administered with a loading dose of lignocaine @ 1 mg/kg body weight intravenously.
Immediately following the loading dose of lignocaine, anaesthesia was induced using
guaiphenesin @ 50 mg/kg and ketamine @ 2mg/kg intravenously. Following induction, anaesthesia
was maintained using the prepared guaiphenesin-ketamine-lignocaine-butorphanol anaesthetic
mixture as continuous rate infusion @ 3 ml/kg/hr. Indirect and direct blood pressure measurements
were monitored and recorded. The non-invasive blood pressure values for systolic, diastolic and
mean blood pressures did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) from those monitored invasively.