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2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 785
Helena Baldonado Florendo ◽  
Joseph V. del Rosario

Filipino youths are the hope of Philippine society. However, cigarette smoking and binge drinking continually corrupt this aspiration. Mental health states interplay with the growing setback of substance consumption. The main objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of the multimodal intervention program among the participants in this study.  Specifically, it answers the following objectives: i) Develop an intervention program to address the high anxiety, mild depression, and normal self-esteem of the participants and ii) Determine the significant difference between the control group and the experimental group in the pre-test and post-test intervention measures. A matched-group experimental design was carried out among the participants who were randomly assigned to the control group and the experimental group.  There were forty participants who met the criteria set by the researchers.  When the multimodal intervention program was tested using t-test to analyze the findings at .05 level, it yielded significant results. Based on the findings of the study, the developed multimodal intervention program appeared to be effective. A follow-up study may be conducted to further test the efficacy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Si-Wen Zhang ◽  
Lei-Lei Wu ◽  
Hong Yang ◽  
Chuan-Zhen Li ◽  
Wei-Jin Wei ◽  

Background: The effect of active cycle of breathing technique (ACBT) on EC patients has not been well elucidated. In this research, we aim to explore the effect of ACBT on the perioperative outcomes in patients with esophageal carcinoma who underwent esophagectomy.Methods: Patients who underwent esophagectomy in an academic institution from December 2017 to July 2019 were included in this study. In a quasi-experimental study, participants were randomly divided into an experimental group (active cycle of breathing technique, n = 107) and an observational group (n = 106) by drawing lots. The chi-squared test, Cochran–Mantel–Haenszel test, Logistic regression analysis, and Kruskal–Wallis test were used to analyze data. A two-sided P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The primary observational endpoint was the mean weight of the sputum. Other outcomes included the six-min-walk test (6MWT), Borg scale, anastomotic leakage, and the length of hospital stay.Results: 95 patients underwent minimally invasive surgery, and 118 patients received open surgery. There were 16 patients with anastomotic leakage in the present study, and we found that patients in the observational group had higher odds of anastomotic leakage. The results showed that the mean weight of the sputum in the observation group was lighter than that of the experimental group. After esophagectomy, the experimental group had better outcomes than the observation group (Borg scale: 2.448 vs. 1.547; 6-MWT: 372.811 vs. 425.355m, all P < 0.05). The mean length of hospital stay was longer in the observation group (17.953 days) than that in the experimental group (12.037 days, P = 0.01). We also found that the observational group had a higher discharge ratio over 2 weeks in all cohort (adjusted OR 2.487, 95% confidence intervals 1.147–5.392, P = 0.021).Conclusion: Active cycle of breathing technique may improve the perioperative outcomes and decrease the length of hospital stay after surgery in patients with esophageal cancer. However, we need more researches to validate these findings.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Tian Ma ◽  
Ying Wang ◽  
Juan Liu ◽  
Aifang Wang

Objective. With the constant development of medical technology, the medical-nursing combination mode targeted at elderly chronic diseases has been proposed, and based on this, the study on the nursing mode of elderly chronic diseases under the background of medical-nursing combination was conducted. Methods. Total of 100 elderly patients with chronic diseases who were admitted to our hospital from April 2019 to April 2020 were selected and divided into a control group and an experimental group by lot drawing, with 50 patients in each group. Continuous nursing was conducted to patients in the control group, and continuous nursing combined with comfort nursing was performed to patients in the experimental group, so as to compare their nursing effective rate, satisfaction with nursing, self-care ability at 6 months after nursing, quality of life (QLI) scores, and blood glucose, pressure, and lipid levels at various periods. Results. Compared with the control group, the experimental group obtained significantly improved nursing effective rate, satisfaction with nursing, Exercise of Self-Care Agency (ESCA) scale scores, QLI scores, and lower blood glucose, pressure, and lipid levels at various periods 6 months after nursing, with statistical significance ( P all < 0.05). Conclusion. Under the context of medical-nursing combination, the continuous nursing intervention combined with comfort nursing intervention is conductive to promote the self-care ability and nursing effect of elderly patients with chronic diseases and obviously improve their quality of life and psychological state.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 213-219
Taufik Taufik ◽  
Ernawati Ernawati

Aim: The aim of this study is to use storytelling as a technique to develop entrepreneurial intention in Islamic boarding school graduates. Background: Most of the pesantren graduates in Indonesia do not proceed on to university studies after completing their schooling due to financial problems and so lack the skills to work on jobs that could support their livelihood. Therefore, pesantren wanted to develop a strategy to help its alumni find employment after completing their education. Increasing the entrepreneurial intention of graduates in various sectors is one way in which pesantren expect to support graduates in finding their livelihood. Objective: The objective of this study is to test the effectiveness of storytelling in increasing entrepreneurial intentions in students. Methods: Sixty Islamic boarding school students participated in this study. The Solomon three-group design was used to test the effectiveness of storytelling in increasing the entrepreneurial intentions of students. Participants were divided into three groups: the experimental group, control group 1, and control group 2, each consisting of 20 students. The entrepreneurial-intention scale was used to measure the level of entrepreneurial intention among each group of students. Results First, there was a significant difference between the post-test score of entrepreneurial intention in the experimental group (with treatment) and the post-test score of entrepreneurial intention in control group 1 (without treatment). Second, the post-test score of entrepreneurial intention in the experimental group (with treatment) was not different from the post-test score of entrepreneurial intention in control group 2 (with treatment). Thus, the results were consistent in the sense that the group that received treatment had an increased level of entrepreneurial intention when compared with the group that did not receive any treatment. Conclusion: The results showed that storytelling was effective in increasing the entrepreneurial intention of students. In this study, the treatment of storytelling was integrated with a focus group discussion. Developing treatment with other techniques can have a greater effect on increasing the entrepreneurial intention of students.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Junxia Li ◽  
Yan Gu ◽  
Shaojing Zhang ◽  
Baohui Ju ◽  
Jianmei Wang

Objective. To evaluate the effect of prepregnancy lymphocyte active immunotherapy on unexplained recurrent miscarriage, pregnancy success rate, and maternal-infant outcome. Methods. A total of 124 patients with recurrent miscarriage admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were selected as the research objects and divided into the experimental group and the control group according to the random number table method, with 62 patients in each group. The experimental group was treated with lymphocyte active immunotherapy, and the control group was given conventional treatment. The pregnancy success rate, estrogen indexes, hemorheology indexes, and psychological state of the two groups were compared. Results. The experimental group garnered a notably higher pregnancy success rate and a prominently lower miscarriage rate than the control group ( P < 0.05 ). Better results of self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were observed in the experimental group, as compared to the control group ( P < 0.05 ). The experimental group yielded more desirable results in terms of treatment satisfaction, estrogen indexes, and hemorheology indexes in comparison with the control group ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion. The use of lymphocyte active immunotherapy for patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage can significantly increase the pregnancy success rate, optimize the maternal-infant outcome, drive down the miscarriage rate, and ameliorate the patient’s estrogen levels and hemorheology indicators, which is worthy of promotion and application in clinical practice.

Yoon-Jung Choy ◽  
Jae-Ho Shin ◽  
Jee-Hyun Choi

Background: This study investigated immunoreactive changes in Slit2 and Robo receptors in the retinal ganglion cell layer of a rodent model of acute glaucoma. Methods: Glaucoma model using Sprague-Dawley rats was made via weekly intracameral injections of hyaluronic acid. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured twice weekly for 4 weeks using a rebound tonometer in an experimental group of 10 rats and a control group of five rats for 4 weeks. The trimmed retinas were processed for anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), anti-Slit2 and anti-Robo1, anti-Robo2, anti-Robo3 and anti-Robo4 immunochemical analysis. Result: The IOPs in the experimental group were approximately four times higher than IOPs in the control group. The GFAP, Slit2 and Robo4 immunoreactivity in the experimental group was higher than the corresponding values in the control group. Our results indicate that Slit2 and Robo4 potentially contribute to the progression of high tension glaucoma, especially in inducing ischemic injury.

2021 ◽  
Suwarni La Usa

The problem of this research is whether the application of cooperative learning method is effective in reducing student’s anxiety in learning Math at grade VII at the topic of round numbers. The objective of the research is to know the effectiveness of cooperative learning in reducing student’s anxiety in learning Math at the topic of round numbers at grade VII SMP Negeri 1 Baubau. This research is descriptive quantitative by applying quasi experimental design. The sample taken consisted of 54 students which is each group consisted of 27 students. The instrument used in this research is test. The result of the research show that (1) The mean score of students learning in Math in experimental group before treatment is 56,48 with standard of deviation is 18,65 and after treatment is 83,70 with standard of deviation is 15,54. (2)The mean score of students learning in Math in control group before treatment is 56,67 with standard of deviation is 17,26 and after treatment is 73,51 with standard of deviation is 17,58. (3) Based on the mean score of students result in learning who is taught through those model of learning and seeing the result of statistic inferential of t test shows that learning through cooperative learning method is more effective to reduce students anxiety in learning Math.

Safety ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 70
Olivier Lefrançois ◽  
Nadine Matton ◽  
Mickaël Causse

Poor cockpit monitoring has been identified as an important contributor to aviation accidents. Improving pilots’ monitoring strategies could therefore help to enhance flight safety. During two different sessions, we analyzed the flight performance and eye movements of professional airline pilots in a full-flight simulator. In a pre-training session, 20 pilots performed a manual approach scenario as pilot flying (PFs) and were classified into three groups according to their flight performance: unstabilized, standard, and most accurate. The unstabilized pilots either under- or over-focused various instruments. Their number of visual scanning patterns was lower than those of pilots who managed to stabilize their approach. The most accurate pilots showed a higher perceptual efficiency with shorter fixation times and more fixations on important primary flight instruments. Approximately 10 months later, fourteen pilots returned for a post-training session. They received a short training program and performed a similar manual approach as during the pre-training session. Seven of them, the experimental group, received individual feedback on their own performance and visual behavior (i.e., during the pre-training session) and a variety of data obtained from the most accurate pilots, including an eye-tracking video showing efficient visual scanning strategies from one of the most accurate pilots. The other seven, the control group, received general guidelines on cockpit monitoring. During the post-training session, the experimental group had better flight performance (compared to the control group), and its visual scanning strategies became more similar to those of the most accurate pilots. In summary, our results suggest that cockpit monitoring underlies manual flight performance and that it can be improved using a training program based mainly on exposure to eye movement examples from highly accurate pilots.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Krishna Subedi ◽  
Ashish Shrestha ◽  
Tarakant Bhagat ◽  
Dharanidhar Baral

Abstract Background School-aged adolescents are in particular need of preventive program to ensure positive long-term oral health and hygiene. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an oral health education (OHE) intervention on oral hygiene knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP), plaque control and gingival health among 12–15 years old school children in Dharan sub-metropolitan city, Nepal. Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted with parallel study groups, comprising 12–15-year-old school children, 120 in each group. OHE was given to the experimental group at baseline, third and sixth months and to the control group after completion of the study. Interview of the participants were done using a 23-item questionnaire for assessment of oral hygiene KAP. For each question, correct answer was scored as 1 and wrong answer was scored zero. An overall composite score was then created, by adding the individual scores. Oral examination was done using mouth mirror and WHO probe to record Turesky–Gilmore–Glickman modification of the Quigley-Hein plaque index, Gingival index and Dentition status and treatment needs. Analysis was done using chi-square test for categorical data and independent t test, Mann–Whitney U test, repeated measures ANOVA and post hoc Tukey’s test for quantitative data. The level of significance was set at P < 0.05. Results There was 54.58% improvement in overall oral hygiene KAP in experimental group (P = 0.001) whereas no improvement was seen in control group at the end of the study. The mean plaque score was improved by 57.67% (P = 0.001) in experimental group in comparison to 4.56% in control group. Gingival index was improved by 49.90% (P = 0.001) in experimental group in comparison to 0.7% in control group. Caries experience was increased in both groups but no significant difference was seen. Conclusions The study concluded that oral health education was effective in improving oral hygiene KAP, plaque control and gingival health. Trial registration The trial was retrospectively registered with Clinical Trial Registry India (CTRI) with identifier no. CTRI/2018/05/013985, registered on 05/21/2018. (http://www.ctri.nic.in/Clinicaltrials/pdf_generate.php?trialid=23651&EncHid=&modid=&compid=%27,%2723651det%27). Institutional Review Committee, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal provided the ethical approval (Ref. No.: 292/074/075-IRC).

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Xufeng Ma ◽  
Jianhua Yang

Autism is a widespread neurodevelopmental disorder. The cause of autism is still unclear. Once it occurs, it will be accompanied for life. Intervention treatment is currently recognized as an effective method. With the rise of somatosensory technology, Kinect has gradually been applied to the field of autism rehabilitation with its natural human-computer interaction and game rehabilitation psychology. Because there is a great demand for autism rehabilitation training resources in China and the existing somatosensory rehabilitation equipment has some shortcomings, this study designed a set of somatosensory rehabilitation system for autistic children based on Kinect and carried out its rehabilitation effect with experimental demonstration. The specific research work mainly includes the following contents: first, aiming at the rehabilitation needs of children with autism, this article combines mainstream intervention treatment methods, using C# programming language and Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) development technology to develop Kinect-based somatosensory game modules. The somatosensory rehabilitation game involves the training of the language communication, behavioral movement, daily life, sensory integration, and other comprehensive abilities of children with autism, which improves the shortcomings of the previous rehabilitation training in the scope of intervention. A variety of game types and diversified game modes are designed to meet the individual needs of rehabilitation training for children with autism. Second, experiments were carried out to verify the rehabilitation effect of the system. Using the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) scale as the rehabilitation effect evaluation tools of this system, the experimental subjects were divided into the experimental group and control group, and different comparative experiments were conducted, respectively. Through the analysis of the scoring data of the CARS, it is found that the comprehensive ability of the experimental group of children receiving somatosensory rehabilitation training is significantly improved. Through the analysis of the scoring data of the PEDI scale, it is found that the children’s language communication, behavioral activities, and daily life abilities of the experimental group have been significantly enhanced. This article focuses on the design of the somatosensory game module of the autistic somatosensory rehabilitation system and the analysis of the system’s rehabilitation effect. It satisfies the training and rehabilitation needs of children with autism and has strong practical significance.

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