We explore the effectiveness of a dynamically processed incremental referring description system using under-specified ambiguous descriptions that are then built upon using linguistic repair statements, which we refer to as a dynamic system. We build a dynamically processed incremental referring description generation system that is able to provide contextual navigational statements to describe an object in a potential real-world situation of nuclear waste sorting and maintenance. In a study of 31 participants, we test the dynamic system in a case where a user is remote operating a robot to sort nuclear waste, with the robot assisting them in identifying the correct barrels to be removed. We compare these against a static non-ambiguous description given in the same scenario. As well as looking at efficiency with time and distance measurements, we also look at user preference. Results show that our dynamic system was a much more efficient method—taking only 62% of the time on average—for finding the correct barrel. Participants also favoured our dynamic system.
This manuscript explores intersubjectivity through a conceptual construct for meaning-making that emphasizes three major interrelated elements–meaning making in interaction, making meaning with the body as well as the mind, and meaning making within an open dynamic system. These three elements are present in the literature on intersubjectivity with a wide range of terms used to describe various theoretical formulations. One objective of this manuscript is to illustrate how such a construct can be useful to understand the meaning-making observed in psychoanalysis, such as in the treatment of a young child on the autistic spectrum. The challenges in establishing an intersubjective state with a child on the autistic spectrum serve to highlight important features of intersubjectivity. As an important background to this clinical illustration, we illustrate the construct with the scientific paradigm of the well-known face-to-face still-face.