user preference
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Author(s):  
Nagaraja Gadde ◽  
Basavaraj Jakkali ◽  
Ramesh Babu Halasinanagenahalli Siddamallaih ◽  
Gowrishankar Gowrishankar

Heterogeneous wireless networks (HWNs) are capable of integrating the different radio access technologies that make it possible to connect mobile users based on the performance parameters. Further quality of service (QoS) is one of the major topics for HWNs, moreover existing radio access technology (RAT) methodology are designed to provide network QoS criteria. However, limited work has been carried out for the RAT selection mechanism considering user QoS preference and existing models are developed based on the multi-mode terminal under a given minimal density network. For overcoming research issues this paper present quality of experience (QoE) RAT (QOE-RAT) selection methodology, incorporating both network performance criteria and user preference considering multiple call and multi-mode HWNs environment. First, this paper presents fuzzy preference aware weight (FPAW) and multi-mode terminal preference aware TOPSIS (MMTPA-TOPSIS) for choosing the best RAT for gaining multi-services. Experiment outcomes show the QOE-RAT selection method achieves much superior packet transmission outcomes when compared with state-of-art Rat selection methodologies.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-24
Author(s):  
Christopher D. Wallbridge ◽  
Alex Smith ◽  
Manuel Giuliani ◽  
Chris Melhuish ◽  
Tony Belpaeme ◽  
...  

We explore the effectiveness of a dynamically processed incremental referring description system using under-specified ambiguous descriptions that are then built upon using linguistic repair statements, which we refer to as a dynamic system. We build a dynamically processed incremental referring description generation system that is able to provide contextual navigational statements to describe an object in a potential real-world situation of nuclear waste sorting and maintenance. In a study of 31 participants, we test the dynamic system in a case where a user is remote operating a robot to sort nuclear waste, with the robot assisting them in identifying the correct barrels to be removed. We compare these against a static non-ambiguous description given in the same scenario. As well as looking at efficiency with time and distance measurements, we also look at user preference. Results show that our dynamic system was a much more efficient method—taking only 62% of the time on average—for finding the correct barrel. Participants also favoured our dynamic system.


2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (7) ◽  
pp. 0-0

This article is mainly to study the realization of travel recommendations for different users through deep learning under global information management. The personalized travel route recommendation is realized by establishing personalized travel dynamic interest (PTDR) algorithm and distributed lock manager (DLM) model. It is hoped that this model can provide more complete data information of tourist destinations on the basis of the past, and can also meet the needs of users. The innovation of this article is to compare and analyze with a large number of baseline algorithms, highlighting the superiority of this model in personalized travel recommendation. In addition, the model incorporates the topic factor features, geographic factor features, and user preference features to make the data more in line with user needs and improve the efficiency and applicability of the model. It is hoped that the plan proposed in this article can help users make choices of tourist destinations more conveniently.


2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-22
Author(s):  
Zhe Fu ◽  
Li Yu ◽  
Xi Niu

As the popularity of online travel platforms increases, users tend to make ad-hoc decisions on places to visit rather than preparing the detailed tour plans in advance. Under the situation of timeliness and uncertainty of users’ demand, how to integrate real-time context into dynamic and personalized recommendations have become a key issue in travel recommender system. In this article, by integrating the users’ historical preferences and real-time context, a location-aware recommender system called TRACE ( T ravel R einforcement Recommendations Based on Location- A ware C ontext E xtraction) is proposed. It captures users’ features based on location-aware context learning model, and makes dynamic recommendations based on reinforcement learning. Specifically, this research: (1) designs a travel reinforcing recommender system based on an Actor-Critic framework, which can dynamically track the user preference shifts and optimize the recommender system performance; (2) proposes a location-aware context learning model, which aims at extracting user context from real-time location and then calculating the impacts of nearby attractions on users’ preferences; and (3) conducts both offline and online experiments. Our proposed model achieves the best performance in both of the two experiments, which demonstrates that tracking the users’ preference shifts based on real-time location is valuable for improving the recommendation results.


2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-28
Author(s):  
Nengjun Zhu ◽  
Jian Cao ◽  
Xinjiang Lu ◽  
Hui Xiong

A session-based recommender system (SBRS) captures users’ evolving behaviors and recommends the next item by profiling users in terms of items in a session. User intent and user preference are two factors affecting his (her) decisions. Specifically, the former narrows the selection scope to some item types, while the latter helps to compare items of the same type. Most SBRSs assume one arbitrary user intent dominates a session when making a recommendation. However, this oversimplifies the reality that a session may involve multiple types of items conforming to different intents. In current SBRSs, items conforming to different user intents have cross-interference in profiling users for whom only one user intent is considered. Explicitly identifying and differentiating items conforming to various user intents can address this issue and model rich contextual information of a session. To this end, we design a framework modeling user intent and preference explicitly, which empowers the two factors to play their distinctive roles. Accordingly, we propose a key-array memory network (KA-MemNN) with a hierarchical intent tree to model coarse-to-fine user intents. The two-layer weighting unit (TLWU) in KA-MemNN detects user intents and generates intent-specific user profiles. Furthermore, the hierarchical semantic component (HSC) integrates multiple sets of intent-specific user profiles along with different user intent distributions to model a multi-intent user profile. The experimental results on real-world datasets demonstrate the superiority of KA-MemNN over selected state-of-the-art methods.


Author(s):  
Huilian Fan ◽  
Yuanchang Zhong ◽  
Guangpu Zeng ◽  
Chenhao Ge

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Huazhen Liu ◽  
Wei Wang ◽  
Yihan Zhang ◽  
Renqian Gu ◽  
Yaqi Hao

Explicit feedback and implicit feedback are two important types of heterogeneous data for constructing a recommendation system. The combination of the two can effectively improve the performance of the recommendation system. However, most of the current deep learning recommendation models fail to fully exploit the complementary advantages of two types of data combined and usually only use binary implicit feedback data. Thus, this paper proposes a neural matrix factorization recommendation algorithm (EINMF) based on explicit-implicit feedback. First, neural network is used to learn nonlinear feature of explicit-implicit feedback of user-item interaction. Second, combined with the traditional matrix factorization, explicit feedback is used to accurately reflect the explicit preference and the potential preferences of users to build a recommendation model; a new loss function is designed based on explicit-implicit feedback to obtain the best parameters through the neural network training to predict the preference of users for items; finally, according to prediction results, personalized recommendation list is pushed to the user. The feasibility, validity, and robustness are fully demonstrated in comparison with multiple baseline models on two real datasets.


2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Samir Gupta ◽  
Puru Panchal ◽  
Mohsen Sadatsafavi ◽  
Parisa Ghanouni ◽  
Don Sin ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes 3 million deaths each year, yet 38% of COPD patients continue to smoke. Despite proof of effectiveness and universal guideline recommendations, smoking cessation interventions are underused in practice. We sought to develop an infographic featuring personalized biomedical risk assessment through future lung function decline prediction (with vs without ongoing smoking) to both prompt and enhance clinician delivery of smoking cessation advice and pharmacotherapy, and augment patient motivation to quit. Methods We recruited patients with COPD and pulmonologists from a quaternary care center in Toronto, Canada. Infographic prototype content and design was based on best evidence. After face validation, the prototype was optimized through rapid-cycle design. Each cycle consisted of: (1) infographic testing in a moderated focus group and a clinician interview (recorded/transcribed) (with questionnaire completion); (2) review of transcripts for emergent/critical findings; and (3) infographic modifications to address findings (until no new critical findings emerged). We performed iterative transcript analysis after each cycle and a summative qualitative transcript analysis with quantitative (descriptive) questionnaire analysis. Results Stopping criteria were met after 4 cycles, involving 20 patients (58% male) and 4 pulmonologists (50% male). The following qualitative themes emerged: Tool content (infographic content preferences); Tool Design (infographic design preferences); Advantages of Infographic Messaging (benefits of an infographic over other approaches); Impact of Tool on Determinants of Smoking Cessation Advice Delivery (impact on barriers and enablers to delivery of smoking cessation advice in practice); and Barriers and Enablers to Quitting (impact on barriers and enablers to quitting). Patient Likert scale ratings of infographic content and format/usability were highly positive, with improvements in scores for 20/21 questions through the design process. Providers scored the infographic at 77.8% (“superior”) on the Suitability Assessment of Materials questionnaire. Conclusions We developed a user preference-based personalized biomedical risk assessment infographic to drive smoking cessation in patients with COPD. Our findings suggest that this tool could impact behavioural determinants of provider smoking-cessation advice delivery, while increasing patient quit motivation. Impacts of the tool on provider care, patient motivation to quit, and smoking cessation success should now be evaluated in real-world settings.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. e843
Author(s):  
Murat Hacimurtazaoglu ◽  
Kemal Tutuncu

Background In terms of data-hiding areas, video steganography is more advantageous compared to other steganography techniques since it uses video as its cover medium. For any video steganography, the good trade-off among robustness, imperceptibility, and payload must be created and maintained. Even though it has the advantage of capacity, video steganography has the robustness problem especially regarding spatial domain is used to implement it. Transformation operations and statistical attacks can harm secret data. Thus, the ideal video steganography technique must provide high imperceptibility, high payload, and resistance towards visual, statistical and transformation-based steganalysis attacks. Methods One of the most common spatial methods for hiding data within the cover medium is the Least Significant Bit (LSB) method. In this study, an LSB-based video steganography application that uses a poly-pattern key block matrix (KBM) as the key was proposed. The key is a 64 × 64 pixel block matrix that consists of 16 sub-pattern blocks with a pixel size of 16 × 16. To increase the security of the proposed approach, sub-patterns in the KBM are allowed to shift in four directions and rotate up to 270° depending on the user preference and logical operations. For additional security XOR and AND logical operations were used to determine whether to choose the next predetermined 64 × 64 pixel block or jump to another pixel block in the cover video frame to place a KBM to embed the secret data. The fact that the combination of variable KBM structure and logical operator for the secret data embedding distinguishes the proposed algorithm from previous video steganography studies conducted with LSB-based approaches. Results Mean Squared Error (MSE), Structural Similarity Index (SSIM) and Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) parameters were calculated for the detection of the imperceptibility (or the resistance against visual attacks ) of the proposed algorithm. The proposed algorithm obtained the best MSE, SSIM and PSNR parameter values based on the secret message length as 0.00066, 0.99999, 80.01458 dB for 42.8 Kb of secret message and 0.00173, 0.99999, 75.72723 dB for 109 Kb of secret message, respectively. These results are better than the results of classic LSB and the studies conducted with LSB-based video steganography approaches in the literature. Since the proposed system allows an equal amount of data embedding in each video frame the data loss will be less in transformation operations. The lost data can be easily obtained from the entire text with natural language processing. The variable structure of the KBM, logical operators and extra security preventions makes the proposed system be more secure and complex. This increases the unpredictability and resistance against statistical attacks. Thus, the proposed method provides high imperceptibility and resistance towards visual, statistical and transformation-based attacks while acceptable even high payload.


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