calibration method
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2022 ◽  
Vol 151 ◽  
pp. 106914
Author(s):  
Jesus del Hoyo ◽  
Luis Miguel Sanchez-Brea ◽  
Angela Soria-Garcia

2022 ◽  
Vol 169 ◽  
pp. 104685
Author(s):  
Kai-xian Ba ◽  
Yan-he Song ◽  
Ya-peng Shi ◽  
Chun-yu Wang ◽  
Guo-liang Ma ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-20
Author(s):  
Shiyu Bai ◽  
Jizhou Lai ◽  
Pin Lyu ◽  
Yiting Cen ◽  
Bingqing Wang ◽  
...  

Determination of calibration parameters is essential for the fusion performance of an inertial measurement unit (IMU) and odometer integrated navigation system. Traditional calibration methods are commonly based on the filter frame, which limits the improvement of the calibration accuracy. This paper proposes a graph-optimisation-based self-calibration method for the IMU/odometer using preintegration theory. Different from existing preintegrations, the complete IMU/odometer preintegration model is derived, which takes into consideration the effects of the scale factor of the odometer, and misalignments in the attitude and position between the IMU and odometer. Then the calibration is implemented by the graph-optimisation method. The KITTI dataset and field experimental tests are carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results illustrate that the proposed method outperforms the filter-based calibration method. Meanwhile, the performance of the proposed IMU/odometer preintegration model is optimal compared with the traditional preintegration models.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 588
Author(s):  
Jun Wang ◽  
Xuexing Li

Single circular targets are widely used as calibration objects during line-structured light three-dimensional (3D) measurements because they are versatile and easy to manufacture. This paper proposes a new calibration method for line-structured light 3D measurements based on a single circular target. First, the target is placed in several positions and illuminated by a light beam emitted from a laser projector. A camera captures the resulting images and extracts an elliptic fitting profile of the target and the laser stripe. Second, an elliptical cone equation defined by the elliptic fitting profile and optical center of the camera is established based on the projective geometry. By combining the obtained elliptical cone and the known diameter of the circular target, two possible positions and orientations of the circular target are determined and two groups of 3D intersection points between the light plane and the circular target are identified. Finally, the correct group of 3D intersection points is filtered and the light plane is progressively fitted. The accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed method are verified both theoretically and experimentally. The obtained results indicate that a calibration accuracy of 0.05 mm can be achieved for an 80 mm × 80 mm planar target.


Author(s):  
Cuili Mao ◽  
Wen Ma

The wide application of intelligent manufacturing technologies imposes higher requirements for the quality inspection of industrial products; however, the existing industrial product quality inspection methods generally have a few shortcomings such as requiring many inspectors, too complicated methods, difficulty in realizing standardized monitoring, and the low inspection efficiency, etc. Targeting at these problems, this paper proposed an automatic detection and online quality inspection method for workpiece surface cracks based on the machine vision technology. At first, it proposed a vision-field environment calibration method, gave the specific method for workpiece shape feature recognition and size measurement based on machine vision, and achieved the on-line monitoring of workpiece quality problems such as feature defects and size deviations. Then, this study integrated the multi-scale attention module and the up-sampling module that can restore the locations of image pixels based on the high-level and low-level hybrid feature maps, built a workpiece crack extraction network, and realized workpiece crack feature extraction, crack type classification, and damage degree division. At last, experimental results verified the effectiveness of the proposed method, and this paper provided a reference for the application of machine vision technology in other fields.


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