Ear Recognition
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This paper provides a new approach for human identification based on Neighborhood Rough Set (NRS) algorithm with biometric application of ear recognition. The traditional rough set model can just be used to evaluate categorical features. The neighborhood model is used to evaluate both numerical and categorical features by assigning different thresholds for different classes of features. The feature vectors are obtained from ear image and ear matching process is performed. Actually, matching is a process of ear identification. The extracted features are matched with classes of ear images enrolled in the database. NRS algorithm is developed in this work for feature matching. A set of 20 persons are used for experimental analysis and each person is having six images. The experimental result illustrates the high accuracy of NRS approach when compared to other existing techniques.

Ruaa Isam Fadhil ◽  
Loay E. George

The outer ear features have been used for many years in forensic science of recognition. Human ear is a valuable information provenance of data for individual identification/authentication. Ear meets biometric characteristic (universality, distinctiveness, permanence and collectability). Biometric system depending on ear image facing two major challenges; the first one is the localization of human ear area in given profile face image, and the second one is the selection of proper features to distinguish between individuals. In this work, we propose an alogorithm for ear recognition based on the local spatial energy distribution of wavelet sub-bands, because of wavelet transform has the ability to analyze the local feature of 2-D image by determining where the low frequency and high frequency areas are and it provides full description of the spatial distribution of the ear image. Nearest classifier are used to make a recognition decision in matching stage. The system was tested over a public database consist of 493 images. The attained recognition rate was (95.28%) and the achieved minimum equal error rate (EER) is 0.02%.

2021 ◽  
Matthew Martin Zarachoff ◽  
Akbar Sheikh-Akbari ◽  
Dorothy Monekosso

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (14) ◽  
pp. 4845
Jingbo Li ◽  
Changchun Li ◽  
Shuaipeng Fei ◽  
Chunyan Ma ◽  
Weinan Chen ◽  

The number of wheat ears is an essential indicator for wheat production and yield estimation, but accurately obtaining wheat ears requires expensive manual cost and labor time. Meanwhile, the characteristics of wheat ears provide less information, and the color is consistent with the background, which can be challenging to obtain the number of wheat ears required. In this paper, the performance of Faster regions with convolutional neural networks (Faster R-CNN) and RetinaNet to predict the number of wheat ears for wheat at different growth stages under different conditions is investigated. The results show that using the Global WHEAT dataset for recognition, the RetinaNet method, and the Faster R-CNN method achieve an average accuracy of 0.82 and 0.72, with the RetinaNet method obtaining the highest recognition accuracy. Secondly, using the collected image data for recognition, the R2 of RetinaNet and Faster R-CNN after transfer learning is 0.9722 and 0.8702, respectively, indicating that the recognition accuracy of the RetinaNet method is higher on different data sets. We also tested wheat ears at both the filling and maturity stages; our proposed method has proven to be very robust (the R2 is above 90). This study provides technical support and a reference for automatic wheat ear recognition and yield estimation.

Abbas Hassin ◽  
Dheyaa Abbood

Biometrics techniques are the standard of a wide group of many applications for a human’s identification and verification issues. Because of this reason, a high scale of security needs to search for a new way to identify the person arises. In this paper, establish a human ear recognition system is proposed. This system combines four main phases: ear detection, ear feature extraction, ear recognition, and confirmation. The essential of the proposed system is to divide the ear image into the skin and non-skin pixels using a likelihood skin detector. The likelihood image processes by morphological operations to complete ear regions.  Scale-invariant feature transform uses for extracting the fixed features of the ear. Ear recognition includes two modes identification mode and verification mode. Euclidean Distance Measure (EDM) uses for similarity measure between the first image in the database and a new image. According to the three experiments conducted in this paper, the results of the different datasets, the accuracy ratio are 100%, 92%.and 92% respectively.

2021 ◽  
Vol 32 (1) ◽  
Ibrahim Omara ◽  
Ahmed Hagag ◽  
Guangzhi Ma ◽  
Fathi E. Abd El-Samie ◽  
Enmin Song

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