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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Vani Rajasekar ◽  
Bratislav Predić ◽  
Muzafer Saracevic ◽  
Mohamed Elhoseny ◽  
Darjan Karabasevic ◽  

AbstractBiometric security is a major emerging concern in the field of data security. In recent years, research initiatives in the field of biometrics have grown at an exponential rate. The multimodal biometric technique with enhanced accuracy and recognition rate for smart cities is still a challenging issue. This paper proposes an enhanced multimodal biometric technique for a smart city that is based on score-level fusion. Specifically, the proposed approach provides a solution to the existing challenges by providing a multimodal fusion technique with an optimized fuzzy genetic algorithm providing enhanced performance. Experiments with different biometric environments reveal significant improvements over existing strategies. The result analysis shows that the proposed approach provides better performance in terms of the false acceptance rate, false rejection rate, equal error rate, precision, recall, and accuracy. The proposed scheme provides a higher accuracy rate of 99.88% and a lower equal error rate of 0.18%. The vital part of this approach is the inclusion of a fuzzy strategy with soft computing techniques known as an optimized fuzzy genetic algorithm.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Xinran Liu ◽  
Ji Jiang

The paper expects to improve the efficiency and intelligence of somatosensory recognition technology in the application of physical education teaching practice. Firstly, the combination of induction recognition technology and the Internet is used. Secondly, through the Kinect sensor, bone data are acquired. Finally, the hidden Markov model (HMM) is used to simulate the experimental data. On the simulation results, a gait recognition algorithm is proposed. The gait recognition algorithm is used to identify the motion behaviour, and the results are displayed in the Web (World Wide Web) end built by the cloud server. Meantime, in view of the existing problems in the practice of physical education, combined with the establishment and operation of the Digital Twins (DTs) system, the camera source recognition architecture is carried out since the twin network and the two network branches share weights. This paper analyses these problems since the application of somatosensory recognition technology and puts forward the improvement methods. For the single problem of equipment in physical education, this paper puts forward the monitoring and identification function of the cloud server. It is to transmit data through Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and locate and collect data through a monitoring terminal. For the lack of comprehensiveness and balance of sports plans, this paper proposes a scientific training plan and process customization based on Body Mass Index (BMI), analyses real-time data in the cloud, and makes scientific customization plans according to different students’ physical conditions. Moreover, 25 participants are invited to carry out the exercise detection and analysis experiment, and the joint monitoring of their daily movements is tested. This process has completed the design of a feasible and accurate platform for information collection and processing, which is convenient for managers and educators to comprehensively and scientifically master and manage the physical level and training of college students. The proposed method improves the recognition rate of the camera source to some extent and has important exploration significance in the field of action recognition.

Ke Zhang ◽  
Caizi Fan ◽  
Xiaochen Zhang ◽  
Huaitao Shi ◽  
Songhua Li

Abstract Aiming at the problem that the signal of rolling bearing is interfered by strong noise in practical engineering environment, which leads to the decline of the diagnosis accuracy of intelligent diagnosis model. This paper proposes a novel hybrid model (CDAE-BLCNN). First, the rolling bearing vibration signal containing noise was input into the Convolutional Denoising Auto-Encoder (CDAE), which denoises the signal through unsupervised learning, and then outputs the reconstructed data. Secondly, a hybrid neural network (BLCNN) composed of multi-scale wide convolution kernel block (MWCNN) and bidirectional long-short-term memory network (BiLSTM) was used to extract intrinsic fault features from the reconstructed signal and diagnose fault types. The analysis results demonstrate that the proposed hybrid deep learning model achieves higher detection accuracy even under different noise and various rotating speed. Compared with other models, there is a high fault recognition rate, robustness, and generalization ability, which may be favorable to practical applications.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 633
Chunyu Xu ◽  
Hong Wang

This paper presents a convolution kernel initialization method based on the local binary patterns (LBP) algorithm and sparse autoencoder. This method can be applied to the initialization of the convolution kernel in the convolutional neural network (CNN). The main function of the convolution kernel is to extract the local pattern of the image by template matching as the target feature of subsequent image recognition. In general, the Xavier initialization method and the He initialization method are used to initialize the convolution kernel. In this paper, firstly, some typical sample images were selected from the training set, and the LBP algorithm was applied to extract the texture information of the typical sample images. Then, the texture information was divided into several small blocks, and these blocks were input into the sparse autoencoder (SAE) for pre-training. After finishing the training, the weight values of the sparse autoencoder that met the statistical features of the data set were used as the initial value of the convolution kernel in the CNN. The experimental result indicates that the method proposed in this paper can speed up the convergence of the network in the network training process and improve the recognition rate of the network to an extent.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Zhuo Wang ◽  
Zhenjiang Zhao ◽  
Lujia Wei

In order to effectively improve the sense of difference brought by the extracorporeal machine to users and minimize the related derived problems, the implementation based on embedded multisensor has become a major breakthrough in the research of cochlear implant. To explore the impact of different cultural differences on timbre perception, effectively evaluate the correlation between cultural differences and music perception teaching based on embedded multisensor normal hearing, evaluate the discrimination ability of embedded multisensor normal hearing to music timbre, and analyse the correlation between cultural differences and timbre perception, it provides a basis for the evaluation of music perception of normal hearing people with embedded multisensor and the design and development of evaluation tool. In this paper, adults with normal hearing in different cultures matched with music experience are selected to test their recognition ability of different musical instruments and the number of musical instruments by using music evaluation software, and the recognition accuracy of the two tests is recorded. The results show that the accuracy of musical instrument recognition in the mother tongue group is 15% higher than that in the foreign language group, and the average recognition rates of oboe, trumpet, and xylophone in the foreign language group are lower than those in the mother tongue group, the recognition rate of oboe and trumpet in wind instruments was low in both groups, and the recognition rate of oboe and trumpet in foreign language group was high.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Wenwen Li

Compared with the most traditional fingerprint identification, knuckle print and hand shape are more stable, not easy to abrase, forge, and pilfer; in aspect of image acquisition, the requirement of acquisition equipment and environment are not high; and the noncontact acquisition method also greatly improves the users’ satisfaction; therefore, finger knuckle print and hand shape of single-mode identification system have attracted extensive attention both at home and abroad. A large number of studies show that multibiometric fusion can greatly improve the recognition rate, antiattack, and robustness of the biometric recognition system. A method combining global features and local features was designed for the recognition of finger knuckle print images. On the one hand, principal component analysis (PCA) was used as the global feature for rapid recognition. On the other hand, the local binary pattern (LBP) operator was taken as the local feature in order to extract the texture features that can reflect details. A two-layer serial fusion strategy is proposed in the combination of global and local features. Firstly, the sample library scope was narrowed according to the global matching result. Secondly, the matching result was further determined by fine matching. By combining the fast speed of global coarse matching and the high accuracy of local refined matching, the designed method can improve the recognition rate and the recognition speed.

Canyi Du ◽  
Xinyu Zhang ◽  
Rui Zhong ◽  
Feng Li ◽  
Feifei Yu ◽  

Abstract Aiming at the possible mechanical faults of UAV rotor in the working process, this paper proposes a UAV rotor fault identification method based on interval sampling reconstruction of vibration signals and one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN) deep learning. Firstly, experiments were designed to collect the vibration acceleration signals of UAV working at high speed under three states (normal, rotor damage by varying degrees, and rotor crack by different degrees). Then considering the powerful feature extraction and complex data analysis abilities of 1D-CNN, an effective deep learning model for fault identification is established utilizing 1D-CNN. During analysis, it is found that the recognition effect of minor faults is not ideal, which causes by all states were identified as normal and then reduces the overall identification accuracy, when using conventional sequential sampling to construct learning. To this end, in order to make the sample data cover the whole process of data collection as much as possible, a learning sample processing method based on interval sampling reconstruction of vibration signal is proposed. And it is also verified that the sample set reconstructed can easily reflect the global information of mechanical operation. Finally, according to the comparison of analysis results, the recognition rate of deep learning model for different degrees of faults is greatly improved, and minor faults could also be accurately identified, through this method. The results show that, the 1D-CNN deep learning model, could diagnose and identify UAV rotor damage faults accurately, by combing the proposed method of interval sampling reconstruction.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262181
Prasetia Utama Putra ◽  
Keisuke Shima ◽  
Koji Shimatani

Multiple cameras are used to resolve occlusion problem that often occur in single-view human activity recognition. Based on the success of learning representation with deep neural networks (DNNs), recent works have proposed DNNs models to estimate human activity from multi-view inputs. However, currently available datasets are inadequate in training DNNs model to obtain high accuracy rate. Against such an issue, this study presents a DNNs model, trained by employing transfer learning and shared-weight techniques, to classify human activity from multiple cameras. The model comprised pre-trained convolutional neural networks (CNNs), attention layers, long short-term memory networks with residual learning (LSTMRes), and Softmax layers. The experimental results suggested that the proposed model could achieve a promising performance on challenging MVHAR datasets: IXMAS (97.27%) and i3DPost (96.87%). A competitive recognition rate was also observed in online classification.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiaofeng Lu

This exploration aims to study the emotion recognition of speech and graphic visualization of expressions of learners under the intelligent learning environment of the Internet. After comparing the performance of several neural network algorithms related to deep learning, an improved convolution neural network-Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (CNN-BiLSTM) algorithm is proposed, and a simulation experiment is conducted to verify the performance of this algorithm. The experimental results indicate that the Accuracy of CNN-BiLSTM algorithm reported here reaches 98.75%, which is at least 3.15% higher than that of other algorithms. Besides, the Recall is at least 7.13% higher than that of other algorithms, and the recognition rate is not less than 90%. Evidently, the improved CNN-BiLSTM algorithm can achieve good recognition results, and provide significant experimental reference for research on learners’ emotion recognition and graphic visualization of expressions in an intelligent learning environment.

Agriculture ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 73
Kaidong Lei ◽  
Chao Zong ◽  
Ting Yang ◽  
Shanshan Peng ◽  
Pengfei Zhu ◽  

In large-scale sow production, real-time detection and recognition of sows is a key step towards the application of precision livestock farming techniques. In the pig house, the overlap of railings, floors, and sows usually challenge the accuracy of sow target detection. In this paper, a non-contact machine vision method was used for sow targets perception in complex scenarios, and the number position of sows in the pen could be detected. Two multi-target sow detection and recognition models based on the deep learning algorithms of Mask-RCNN and UNet-Attention were developed, and the model parameters were tuned. A field experiment was carried out. The data-set obtained from the experiment was used for algorithm training and validation. It was found that the Mask-RCNN model showed a higher recognition rate than that of the UNet-Attention model, with a final recognition rate of 96.8% and complete object detection outlines. In the process of image segmentation, the area distribution of sows in the pens was analyzed. The position of the sow’s head in the pen and the pixel area value of the sow segmentation were analyzed. The feeding, drinking, and lying behaviors of the sow have been identified on the basis of image recognition. The results showed that the average daily lying time, standing time, feeding and drinking time of sows were 12.67 h(MSE 1.08), 11.33 h(MSE 1.08), 3.25 h(MSE 0.27) and 0.391 h(MSE 0.10), respectively. The proposed method in this paper could solve the problem of target perception of sows in complex scenes and would be a powerful tool for the recognition of sows.

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