mode discrimination
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2022 ◽  
pp. 1-1
Yong-Jin Kim ◽  
Seok-Ho Hong ◽  
Jae-Sang Lee ◽  
Su-Jin Jeon ◽  
Woo June Choi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2148 (1) ◽  
pp. 012047
Feng Gong ◽  
Xiaofei Chen ◽  
Youhua Fan ◽  
Xuefeng Liu ◽  
Haibing Tang

Abstract Traditional multi-mode dispersion curve inversion requires correct mode discrimination. However, when the stratum contains complex structures such as low-speed soft interlayer or high-speed hard interlayer, the dispersion curve may show phenomena such as “mode kissing” and “mode jumping”, which can easily cause mode misjudgment and lead to erroneous inversion results. Based on the “secular function”, this paper constructs a new type of objective function applied to the inversion of dispersion curve. This objective function does not require prior mode discrimination, which effectively solves the “mode misjudgment” problem of multi-mode dispersion curve inversion. The joint inversion of Rayleigh and Love dispersion curves extracted from ambient seismic noise is used to improve the constraint of the inversion and avoid the inversion falling into a local minimum in the case of a large-scale search of parameters. Finally, a numerical simulation was performed to verify the feasibility of the new inversion method.

Vitalii I. Shcherbinin ◽  
Konstantinos A. Avramidis ◽  
Manfred Thumm ◽  
John Jelonnek

Materials ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 13 (9) ◽  
pp. 2195
Marta Więckowska ◽  
Robert P. Sarzała ◽  
Rafał Ledzion ◽  
Maciej Dems

Use of antiresonant structures is a proven, efficient method of improving lateral mode selectivity in VCSELs. In this paper, we analyze the impact of a low-refractive antiresonant oxide island buried in a top VCSEL mirror on the lasing conditions of lateral modes of different orders. By performing comprehensive thermal, electrical, and optical numerical analysis of the VCSEL device, we show the impact of the size and location of the oxide island on the current-crowding effect and compute threshold currents for various lateral modes. If the island is placed close to the cavity, the threshold shows strong oscillations, which for moderate island distances can be tuned to increase the side mode discrimination. We are therefore able to pinpoint the most important factors influencing mode discrimination and to identify oxide island parameters capable of providing single-lateral-mode emission.

2019 ◽  
Vol 44 (20) ◽  
pp. 5021 ◽  
Jiajie Ding ◽  
Mohammad-Ali Miri

Sensors ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 19 (16) ◽  
pp. 3600 ◽  
Do-Hyun Kim ◽  
Su-Jin Jeon ◽  
Jae-Sang Lee ◽  
Seok-Ho Hong ◽  
Young-Wan Choi

In this paper, a multi-mode waveguide-based optical resonator is proposed for an integrated optical refractive index sensor. Conventional optical resonators have been studied for single-mode waveguide-based resonators to enhance the performance, but mass production is limited owing to the high fabrication costs of nano-scale structures. To overcome this problem, we designed an S-bend resonator based on a micro-scale multi-mode waveguide. In general, multi-mode waveguides cannot be utilized as optical resonators, because of a performance degradation resulting from modal dispersion and an output transmission with multi-peaks. Therefore, we exploited the mode discrimination phenomenon using the bending loss, and the resulting S-bend resonator yielded an output transmission without multi-peaks. This phenomenon is utilized to remove higher-order modes efficiently using the difference in the effective refractive index between the higher-order and fundamental modes. As a result, the resonator achieved a Q-factor and sensitivity of 2.3 × 103 and 52 nm/RIU, respectively, using the variational finite-difference time-domain method. These results show that the multi-mode waveguide-based S-bend resonator with a wide line width can be utilized as a refractive index sensor.

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