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2022 ◽  
Vol 148 ◽  
pp. 107754
I. Armas-Rivera ◽  
L.A. Rodríguez-Morales ◽  
G. Beltrán-Pérez ◽  
M. Durán-Sánchez ◽  
B. Ibarra-Escamilla

2022 ◽  
Vol 148 ◽  
pp. 107692
Yushuo Guo ◽  
Yuhao Guo ◽  
Zeinab Jafari ◽  
Lijuan Xu ◽  
Lin Zhang

Photonics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 47
Xavier Porte ◽  
Daniel Brunner ◽  
Ingo Fischer ◽  
Miguel C. Soriano

Semiconductor lasers can exhibit complex dynamical behavior in the presence of external perturbations. Delayed optical feedback, re-injecting part of the emitted light back into the laser cavity, in particular, can destabilize the laser’s emission. We focus on the emission properties of a semiconductor laser subject to such optical feedback, where the delay of the light re-injection is large compared to the relaxation oscillations period. We present an overview of the main dynamical features that emerge in semiconductor lasers subject to delayed optical feedback, emphasizing how to experimentally characterize these features using intensity and high-resolution optical spectra measurements. The characterization of the system requires the experimentalist to be able to simultaneously measure multiple time scales that can be up to six orders of magnitude apart, from the picosecond to the microsecond range. We highlight some experimental observations that are particularly interesting from the fundamental point of view and, moreover, provide opportunities for future photonic applications.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 886
Hun-Kook Choi ◽  
Young-Jun Jung ◽  
Bong-Ahn Yu ◽  
Jae-Hee Sung ◽  
Ik-Bu Sohn ◽  

This paper demonstrates the fabrication of radiation-resistant fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors using infrared femtosecond laser irradiation. FBG sensors were written inside acrylate-coated fluorine-doped single-mode specialty optical fibers. We detected the Bragg resonance at 1542 nm. By controlling the irradiation conditions, we improved the signal strength coming out from the FBG sensors. A significant reduction in the Bragg wavelength shift was detected in the fabricated FBG sensors for a radiation dose up to 105 gray, indicating excellent radiation resistance capabilities. We also characterized the temperature sensitivity of the radiation-resistant FBG sensors and detected outstanding performance.

Dariusz Tłoczyński ◽  
Agnieszka Szmelter-Jarosz ◽  
Sebastian Susmarski

The article presents the results of a pilot study, namely a passenger survey on travel choices regarding commuting to the airport in one chosen location (Gdańsk, Poland). The study aimed at establishing which factors which influenced their travel time, assessment of travel time, choosing more or less sustainable transport mode, and also single-mode or multimodal travel. Research results show that choice of the means of transport influences travel time, that the highest travel times are generated by bus and car travel and that assessing the travel time as acceptable or not depends on travel time. However, the longer the travel time, the more likely was the passenger to accept it. What is more, it appeared that a few factors influence choosing a more sustainable transport mode: the purpose of the trip, the start of the trip to the airport, place of living, and job situation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 726
Tiago Paixão ◽  
Ana Sofia Nunes ◽  
Jörg Bierlich ◽  
Jens Kobelke ◽  
Marta S. Ferreira

An optical fiber tip sensor based on a Fabry–Perot interferometer is proposed for the detection of ethanol in the gas phase. The sensor is fabricated by fusion splicing one end of the suspended core fiber to a single mode fiber, whereas the other end is kept open to enable the interaction between the light propagating in the suspended core and the ethanol gas molecules. The sensor was tested with different percentages of ethanol, exhibiting a linear response between 0 and 100 wt.%, with a sensitivity of 3.9 pm/wt.%. The proposed sensor, with a length of a few hundred micrometers, can be an alternative solution for the detection of gaseous ethanol in foods or beverages, such as wines and distilled drinks.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Hai-Han Lu ◽  
Chung-Yi Li ◽  
Wen-Shing Tsai ◽  
Poh-Suan Chang ◽  
Yan-Yu Lin ◽  

AbstractA two-way 224-Gbit/s four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM4)-based fibre-free-space optical (FSO) converged system through a 25-km single-mode fibre (SMF) transport with 500-m free-space transmission is successfully constructed, which adopts injection-locked vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with polarisation-multiplexing mechanism for a demonstration. Compared with one-way transmission, two-way transmission is an attractive architecture for fibre-FSO converged system. Two-way transmission over SMF transport with free-space transmission not only reduces the required number of fibres and the setups of free-space transmission, but also provides the advantage of capacity doubling. Incorporating dual-wavelength four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM4) modulation with polarisation-multiplexing mechanism, the transmission capacity of fibre-FSO converged system is significantly enhanced to 224 Gbit/s (56 Gbit/s PAM4/wavelength × 2-wavelength × 2-polarisation) for downlink/uplink transmission. Bit error rate and PAM4 eye diagrams (downstream/upstream) perform well over 25-km SMF transport with 500-m free-space transmission. This proposed two-way fibre-FSO converged system is a prominent one not only because of its development in the integration of fibre backbone with optical wireless extension, but also because of its advantage in two-way transmission for affording high downlink/uplink data rate with good transmission performance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Toshiyuki Tashima ◽  
Hideaki Takashima ◽  
Andreas W. Schell ◽  
Toan Trong Tran ◽  
Igor Aharonovich ◽  

AbstractSolid-state quantum emitters coupled with a single mode fibre are of interest for photonic and quantum applications. In this context, nanofibre Bragg cavities (NFBCs), which are microcavities fabricated in an optical nanofibre, are promising devices because they can efficiently couple photons emitted from the quantum emitters to the single mode fibre. Recently, we have realized a hybrid device of an NFBC and a single colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dot. However, colloidal quantum dots exhibit inherent photo-bleaching. Thus, it is desired to couple an NFBC with hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) as stable quantum emitters. In this work, we realize a hybrid system of an NFBC and ensemble defect centres in hBN nanoflakes. In this experiment, we fabricate NFBCs with a quality factor of 807 and a resonant wavelength at around 573 nm, which matches well with the fluorescent wavelength of the hBN, using helium-focused ion beam (FIB) system. We also develop a manipulation system to place hBN nanoflakes on a cavity region of the NFBCs and realize a hybrid device with an NFBC. By exciting the nanoflakes via an objective lens and collecting the fluorescence through the NFBC, we observe a sharp emission peak at the resonant wavelength of the NFBC.

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