upper yellow river
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Author(s):  
Fuwei Qiao ◽  
Yongping Bai ◽  
Lixia Xie ◽  
Xuedi Yang ◽  
Shuaishuai Sun

The Ecological Functional Zone of the Upper Yellow River (EFZUYR) is a critical water-catching area in the Yellow River Basin, the ecological security of which affects the sound development of the ecosystem in the entire basin. Recently, significant land use changes have aggravated regional ecological risks and seriously affected the sustainable development of EFZUYR. In this context, this paper provides an in-depth study of the ecological risks caused by land use landscape changes. With the help of land use data and dynamic degree analysis, the land use transfer matrix, and the landscape pattern index, this paper quantifies the distribution trends of land use landscape patterns in EFZUYR from 1990 to 2018. In addition, this research explores the temporal and spatial dynamic distribution characteristics of landscape ecological risks in this functional zone. The research results show the following: (1) The transfer of land use in EFZUYR from 1990 to 2018 mainly occurred among cultivated land, grassland, and woodland, with the transferred area accounting for 87.16% of the total changed area. (2) The fragmentation degree of built-up areas is 0.1097, 0.1053, 0.0811 and 0.0762 in 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2018, respectively, with a decreasing trend. The dominance degree of grassland has been maintained at the highest level for a long time, with all values above 0.59. The separation degree and the interference degree of built-up areas were the highest and the values of the four periods were above 1.2 and 0.44, respectively. The loss degree of water was the highest, with a value above 0.67, while the value of other land use was mostly below 0.4. (3) The landscape ecological risk of EFZUYR presented a fluctuating rising, falling, and then rising trend. The spatial distribution characteristic of EFZUYR presented “high in the north and south, low in the middle.”, which has been maintained for a long time. The proportion of low-risk areas is as high as 70%, and the overall ecological risk of the region was low. However, the ecological risk of some areas, such as Linxia City and Magu County, increased. These findings can provide theoretical support for land use planning and achieving sustainable development of EFZUYR.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (16) ◽  
pp. 9369
Author(s):  
Jiaxin Wang ◽  
Mingjun Zhang ◽  
Athanassios A. Argiriou ◽  
Shengjie Wang ◽  
Deye Qu ◽  
...  

The stable isotopes (δD and δ18O) in soil water allow tracing of the flow and transportation of water in the soil. However, there are few studies on the use of soil water stable isotopes to explore the soil water in the floodplain, especially in determining the soil water source and infiltration mechanism. The Bayesian mixing model (MixSIAR) was integrated with the line conditioned excess (lc-excess) of stable isotopes (δD and δ18O) in precipitation, soil water (0–150 cm), river water, and groundwater to determinate the source and recharge mechanisms of two different soil profile types in the floodplain of the upper Yellow River in Lanzhou, China. The results showed that soil water below 80 cm was affected by river water recharge, affecting soil water content and stable isotopic composition at S1 sampling points (profile parallel to river water); this effect was not observed at S2 (profile is higher than the river water) sampling points. The isotopic compositions of the soil water sources at the two sampling points (S1: δD = −77.41‰, δ18O = −11.01‰; S2: δD = −74.02‰, δ18O = −10.56‰) were depleted more than those in the long-term amount-weighted precipitation isotopes (δD = −56.30‰, δ18O = −8.17‰). The isotope signatures of soil water sources are similar to the isotope characteristics of some high-intensity precipitation events (≥30 mm/day), indicating that soil water originates from a fraction of the total precipitation. The piston flow (60%) and the preferential flow (40%) coexist, but soil moisture and rainfall intensity will affect the sequence of the two infiltration methods. This study provides insights for understanding the hydrological process of the upper Yellow River and evaluating groundwater quality and protecting the floodplain environment.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yim Ling Siu ◽  
Thomas Willis ◽  
Andy Turner ◽  
Suraje Dessai ◽  
Andrea Taylor

<p>Water resources management is often regarded as a complex issue which requires the process of planning, developing, allocating, distributing and managing the use of water resources. Climate change poses challenges (and risks) to the water sector, especially when the nation state is vast and has uneven distribution of water sources such as China. Furthermore, water management still largely relies on the use of historic, seasonal and annual climate data. There is limited demand from water managers for longer term climate information such as multi-annual and multi-decadal data. To promote the use of longer term climate information in the water sector in China, in this research, we have adopted an interdisciplinary approach and have applied a user-centred, co-production method to develop an integrated climate and water resources climate service prototype (iC-WRM) with water managers and their intermediaries. The Upper Yellow River Basin was used as a demonstration in iC-WRM to provide water managers with different scenario-based simulations to gain insights to the impacts of climate change on the region. Noticeably, the development of the prototype was constructed, tested and evaluated by water managers under Coronavirus restrictions which had prevented the typical co-development and user-evaluation processes to be undertaken. iC-WRM was shown to be successful, as key messages relating to be the impact of climate change could be effectively communicated through the prototype interface<em>.</em> Also, it has promoted a degree of understanding about the potential impact of climate change in terms of water resources management in China. This will encourage the development of other climate services to understand and implement the key outputs of this climate service prototype to other sectors (e.g. agriculture/food production, regional planning).</p>


2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (1) ◽  
pp. 196
Author(s):  
Li-xia XIE ◽  
Yong-ping BAI ◽  
Lei CHE ◽  
Fu-wei QIAO ◽  
Shuai-shuai SUN ◽  
...  

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