Molecularly Imprinted Microspheres
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Molecules ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 25 (14) ◽  
pp. 3256
Author(s):  
Tirza Ecclesia Orowitz ◽  
Patria Pari Agnes Ago Ana Sombo ◽  
Driyanti Rahayu ◽  
Aliya Nur Hasanah

Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are specific crosslinked polymers that exhibit binding sites for template molecules. MIPs have been developed in various application areas of biology and chemistry; however, MIPs have some problems, including an irregular material shape. In recent years, studies have been conducted to overcome this drawback, with the synthesis of uniform microsphere MIPs or molecularly imprinted microspheres (MIMs). The polymer microsphere is limited to a minimum size of 5 nm and a molecular weight of 10,000 Da. This review describes the methods used to produce MIMs, such as precipitation polymerisation, controlled/‘Living’ radical precipitation polymerisation (CRPP), Pickering emulsion polymerisation and suspension polymerisation. In addition, some green chemistry aspects and future perspectives will also be given.


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