Rapid Separation
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Solmaz Hajizadeh ◽  
Karin Kettisen ◽  
Leif Bülow ◽  
Lei Ye

The production of a macroporous hydrogel column, known as cryogel, has been scaled up (up to 150 mL) in this work for the purification of human hemoglobin from non-clarified bacterial homogenates. Composite cryogels were synthesized in the presence of adult hemoglobin (HbA) to form a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)network where the affinity sites for the targeted molecule were placed directly on an acrylamide cryogel by protein imprinting during the cryogelation. The MIP composite cryogel column was first evaluated in a well-defined protein mixture. It showed high selectivity toward HbA in spite of the presence of serum albumin. Also, when examined in complex non-clarified E. coli cell homogenates, the column showed excellent chromatographic behavior. The binding capacity of a 50 mL column was thus found to be 0.88 and 1.2 mg/g, from a protein mixture and non-clarified cell homogenate suspension, respectively. The recovery and purification of the 50 mL column for separation of HbA from cell suspension were evaluated to be 79 and 58%, respectively. The MIP affinity cryogel also displayed binding and selectivity toward fetal Hb (HbF) under the same operational conditions.

2021 ◽  
Sharath Narayana Iyengar ◽  
Tharagan Kumar ◽  
Gustaf Martensson ◽  
Aman Russom

Minerals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (9) ◽  
pp. 952
Youming Yang ◽  
Xiaolin Zhang ◽  
Kaizhong Li ◽  
Li Wang ◽  
Fei Niu ◽  

Rare earths dissolved in carbonate solutions exhibit a metastable state. During the period of metastability, rare earths dissolve stably without precipitation. In this paper, neodymium was chosen as a representative rare earth element. The effects of additional NaCl and CO2 on the metastable state were investigated. The metastable state can be controlled by adding NaCl to the Na2CO3 solution. Molecular dynamics studies indicated that the Cl− provided by the additional NaCl partially occupied the coordination layer of Nd3+, causing the delayed formation of neodymium carbonate precipitation. In addition, the additional NaCl decreased the concentration of free carbonate in the solution, thereby reducing the behavior of free contact between carbonate and Nd, as well as resulting in the delay of Nd precipitate formation. Consequently, the period of the metastable state was prolonged in the case of introduction of NaCl. However, changing the solution environment by introducing CO2 can destroy the metastable state rapidly. Introduction of CO2 gas significantly decreased the CO32− content in the solution and increased its activity, resulting in an increase of the free CO32− concentration of the solution in the opposite direction. As a result, the precipitation process was accelerated and the metastable state was destroyed. It was possible to obtain a large amount of rare earth carbonate precipitation in a short term by introducing CO2 into the solution with dissolved rare earths in the metastable state to achieve rapid separation of rare earths without introducing other precipitants during the process.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (5) ◽  
pp. 1180
Sekar Ayu Pawestri ◽  
Akhmad Kharis Nugroho ◽  
Endang Lukitaningsih ◽  
Purwantiningsih Purwantiningsih

Pharmacokinetics studies of domperidone generally analyze plasma matrix samples. The present work aimed to develop and validate a rapid and simple reversed phase-HPLC method for quantifying domperidone in plasma matrices. The chromatographic method implemented: 1. Luna Phenomenex® C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm i.d; 5 µm) column, 2. isocratic mobile phase mixture of phosphate buffer 0.02 M:acetonitrile (70:30, v/v) with a flow rate of 1 mL/min, 3. UV detection at 285 nm. Domperidone and propranolol hydrochloride (as internal standard) were extracted from the deproteinated plasma sample. The method linearity was 0.998 in the range concentration of 15–200 ng/mL. The percentage of accuracy error was between -8.49–4.31%, while the percentage coefficient variation of precision ranged between 5.11–14.24%. This proposed method was simple, rapid (separation time less than 10 min), and selective. The validation parameters responses satisfied the method's requirements to determine domperidone in a plasma sample.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (9) ◽  
pp. 2159
Tiara Pradita ◽  
Yi-Ju Chen ◽  
Elias Gizaw Mernie ◽  
Sharine Noelle Bendulo ◽  
Yu-Ju Chen

Due to their unique glycan composition and linkage, protein glycosylation plays significant roles in cellular function and is associated with various diseases. For comprehensive characterization of their extreme structural complexity occurring in >50% of human proteins, time-consuming multi-step enrichment of glycopeptides is required. Here we report zwitterionic n-dodecylphosphocholine-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles ([email protected]) as a highly efficient affinity nanoprobe for large-scale enrichment of glycopeptides. We demonstrate that [email protected] possess excellent affinity, with 80–91% specificity for glycopeptide enrichment, especially for sialylated glycopeptide (90%) from biofluid specimens. This strategy provides rapidity (~10 min) and high sensitivity (<1 μL serum) for the whole enrichment process in patient serum, likely due to the rapid separation using magnetic nanoparticles, fast reaction, and high performance of the affinity nanoprobe at nanoscale. Using this strategy, we achieved personalized profiles of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV, n = 3) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, n = 3) at the depth of >3000 glycopeptides, especially for the large-scale identification of under-explored sialylated glycopeptides. The glycoproteomics atlas also revealed the differential pattern of sialylated glycopeptides between HBV and HCC groups. The [email protected] could be a generic tool for advancing the glycoproteome analysis, and contribute to the screening of glycoprotein biomarkers.

Langmuir ◽  
2021 ◽  
Kun Wang ◽  
Hyang Seol ◽  
Xuan Liu ◽  
Huifeng Wang ◽  
Gang Cheng ◽  

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