mutual inductance
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Author(s):  
Lei Wang ◽  
Pan Sun ◽  
Xusheng Wu ◽  
Jin Cai ◽  
Qijun Deng ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Nail Tosun ◽  
Ozan Keysan

Muzzle voltage is an essential diagnostic tool used in both contact resistance modeling and transition determination. However, it is challenging to stem the necessary meanings from the collected measurements. In this study, EMFY-3 launch experiments are used to model muzzle voltage characteristics to understand the transition mechanism better. These experiments have muzzle energies in the range between 1.69-2.85 MJ in ASELSAN Electromagnetic Launcher Laboratory. Six different launch tests with various rail current waveforms that ranged between 1.5-2.1 MA are used to investigate different scenarios. Some parameters which affect muzzle voltage are calculated with the 3-D Finite Element Method (FEM), i.e., rail mutual inductance $\mathrm{L_m}$. Muzzle voltages are decomposed into subsections; each subsection is calculated with proper models. Simulation results are coherent with experimental measurements. Findings are compared with previous studies, and differences are explained with possible reasons. Even though we could not conclusively resolve which physical quantity starts to transition, the study showed that transition does not form a specific muzzle velocity, armature action integral, or down-slope rail current ratio.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Nail Tosun ◽  
Ozan Keysan

Muzzle voltage is an essential diagnostic tool used in both contact resistance modeling and transition determination. However, it is challenging to stem the necessary meanings from the collected measurements. In this study, EMFY-3 launch experiments are used to model muzzle voltage characteristics to understand the transition mechanism better. These experiments have muzzle energies in the range between 1.69-2.85 MJ in ASELSAN Electromagnetic Launcher Laboratory. Six different launch tests with various rail current waveforms that ranged between 1.5-2.1 MA are used to investigate different scenarios. Some parameters which affect muzzle voltage are calculated with the 3-D Finite Element Method (FEM), i.e., rail mutual inductance $\mathrm{L_m}$. Muzzle voltages are decomposed into subsections; each subsection is calculated with proper models. Simulation results are coherent with experimental measurements. Findings are compared with previous studies, and differences are explained with possible reasons. Even though we could not conclusively resolve which physical quantity starts to transition, the study showed that transition does not form a specific muzzle velocity, armature action integral, or down-slope rail current ratio.


Author(s):  
Viktoriia Lytvynenko ◽  
Alexander Sereda ◽  
Iryna Varshamova ◽  
Olena Korol

Circuit breakers for overcurrent protection of semiconductor converters limit the duration and amplitude of the overcurrent at such a level that its thermal effect does not exceed the maximum allowable thermal protection index of the protected semiconductor device. The limitation of the thermal action of the short-circuit current is achieved by reducing the operation time of the circuit breaker. The design of the circuit breaker is changed in such a way that instead of the basic electromagnetic release is used an induction-dynamic release, which consists of an inductor with a ferromagnetic core and a rotary armature in the form of a copper disk. The electrodynamic force producing by the induction-dynamic release for quick operation is determined by the coefficient of mutual inductance of the inductor coil and the armature. Using of a ferromagnetic core entailed an increase in the coefficient of mutual inductance of the coil and armature, therefore, an increase in the electrodynamic force producing by the release, and a decrease in own tripping time of the circuit breaker. On a prototype, an experimental study of the proper operation time of the release was carried out at various values of the electrical parameters of the capacitor bank of the inductor power supply, the winding parameters of the inductor coil and the disk dimensions. The research results have proved both a decrease in the tripping time of the circuit breaker while conserving the energy of the capacitor bank of the inductor, and a decrease in the required energy of the capacitor bank to power the inductor while maintaining the minimum tripping time of the circuit breaker. Reducing the energy of the capacitor bank of the inductor made it possible to reduce the capacity and voltage of the capacitor bank of the supply of the release, and, consequently, its dimensions.


Author(s):  
Qinghu Yang ◽  
Zhipeng Chen ◽  
Zhigang Hao ◽  
Yangming Zhao ◽  
Xin Xu ◽  
...  

Abstract In order to measure boundary electrostatic and magnetic fluctuations simultaneously, a set of combined Langmuir-magnetic probe (CLMP) has been designed and built on Joint-Texas Experimental Tokamak (J-TEXT). The probe consists of 8 graphite probe pins and a 3D magnetic probe, driven by a mechanical pneumatic device. By means of simulation, the shielding effect of the graphite sleeve on the magnetic fluctuation signal is explored, and the influence of the eddy current was reduced by cutting the graphite sleeve. In the experiment, it has been verified that the mutual inductance of electromagnetic signals can be ignored. And a 70~90kHz electromagnetic mode is observed around the last closed magnetic surface (LCFS). The establishment of CLMP provides data for the exploration of the coupling of electrostatic and magnetic fluctuations.


Electronics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (23) ◽  
pp. 3043
Author(s):  
Minsheng Yang ◽  
Zhongqi Li ◽  
Min Zhang ◽  
Jingying Wan

The mutual inductance between coils directly affects many aspects of performance in wireless power transmission systems. Therefore, a reliable calculation method for the mutual inductance between coils is of great significance to the optimal design of transmission coil structures. In this paper, a mutual inductance calculation for circular coils sandwiched between 3-layer magnetic mediums in a wireless power transmission system is proposed. First, the structure of circular coils sandwiched between 3-layer magnetic mediums is presented, and then a mutual inductance model of the circular coils is established. Accordingly, a corresponding magnetic vector potential analysis method is proposed based on Maxwell equations and the Bessel transform. Finally, the mutual inductance calculation method for circular coils between 3-layer magnetic mediums is obtained. The correctness of the proposed mutual inductance calculation method is verified by comparing the calculated, simulated, and measured mutual inductance data.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2137 (1) ◽  
pp. 012045
Author(s):  
Aihua Liu ◽  
Shuning Ma

Abstract Zinc oxide arrester is often used as lightning protection device in 10KV distribution network. In order to check the reliable operation of the zinc oxide arrester, preventive tests are often carried out. In this project, the intelligent tester adopts high-precision clamp current mutual inductance technology as the front-end acquisition mode of current signals; Magnetic isolation technology is used to ensure the accuracy of current and voltage sampling and the anti-interference ability and testing accuracy of the instrument are improved by using fast Fourier transform for data processing. The integrated application of several technologies provides a basis for judging the operating state of the 10kV zinc oxide arrester. The charged measurement of operating parameters of 10kV zinc oxide arrester is realized and the measurement efficiency is improved.


Physics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (4) ◽  
pp. 1054-1087
Author(s):  
Slobodan Babic

In this paper, the improved and the new analytical and semi-analytical expressions for calculating the magnetic vector potential, magnetic field, magnetic force, mutual inductance, torque, and stiffness between two inclined current-carrying arc segments in air are given. The expressions are obtained either in the analytical form over the incomplete elliptic integrals of the first and the second kind or by the single numerical integration of some elliptical integrals of the first and the second kind. The validity of the presented formulas is proved from the particular cases when the inclined circular loops are addressed. We mention that all formulas are obtained by the integral approach, except the stiffness, which is found by the derivative of the magnetic force. The novelty of this paper is the treatment of the inclined circular carting-current arc segments for which the calculations of the previously mentioned electromagnetic quantities are given.


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