butterfly wings
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2022 ◽  
Vol 105 ◽  
pp. 286-292
Minmin Zhu ◽  
Haizhong Zhang ◽  
Shoo Wen Long Favier ◽  
Yida Zhao ◽  
Huilu Guo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 608
Jian Yi ◽  
Hao Zhou ◽  
Xingchen Han ◽  
Jiangwei Mao ◽  
Yonglai Zhang

In recent years, biomimetic materials inspired from natural organisms have attracted great attention due to their promising functionalities and cutting-edge applications, emerging as an important research topic. For example, how to reduce the reflectivity of the solid surface and increase the absorption of the substrate surface is essential for developing light response smart surface. Suitable solutions to this issue can be found in natural creatures; however, it is technologically challenging. In this work, inspired from butterfly wings, we proposed a laser processing technology to prepare micro nanostructured titanium alloy surfaces with anti-reflection properties. The reflectivity is significantly suppressed, and thus, the light absorption is improved. Consequently, the anti-reflection titanium alloy surface can be further employed as a photothermal substrate for developing light-responsive slippery surface. The sliding behavior of liquid droplets on the smart slippery surface can be well controlled via light irradiation. This method facilitates the preparation of low-reflection and high-absorption metallic surfaces towards bionic applications.

2022 ◽  
Timothy D. Morris ◽  
Madhu Sridhar ◽  
Thomas Clark ◽  
Frederick Schulze ◽  
Chang-Kwon Kang ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Anirudh Krishna ◽  
Xiao Nie ◽  
Adriana D. Briscoe ◽  
Jaeho Lee

AbstractThis study uncovers a correlation between the mid-infrared emissivity of butterfly wings and the average air temperature of their habitats across the world. Butterflies from cooler climates have a lower mid-infrared emissivity, which limits heat losses to surroundings, and butterflies from warmer climates have a higher mid-infrared emissivity, which enhances radiative cooling. The mid-infrared emissivity showed no correlation with other investigated climatic factors. Phylogenetic independent contrasts analysis indicates the microstructures of butterfly wings may have evolved in part to regulate mid-infrared emissivity as an adaptation to climate, rather than as phylogenetic inertia. Our findings offer new insights into the role of microstructures in thermoregulation and suggest both evolutionary and physical constraints to butterflies’ abilities to adapt to climate change.

Neha Ahuja ◽  
Rajesh Khanna ◽  
Jaswinder Kaur

Abstract In this work, a printed ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna has been proposed exhibiting band notch characteristics. The proposed design covers the entire UWB band except for the 3.5 GHz band providing the band notch for the WiMAX band. This design consists of two-quarter elliptical patches placed symmetrically over the FR4 substrate. The elliptical shape of the patch is responsible for the UWB band achieved. The slot has been created on the optimized patch area to achieve the desired characteristics providing a notch for the WiMAX band. The slot in the patch is so perfectly designed that it gives the patch a perfect shape of butterfly wings. After designing, the proposed antenna was simulated and then fabricated. The fabricated and simulated results are in close agreement with each other which shows, the proposed UWB antenna is good enough for biomedical applications.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (3) ◽  
pp. 56-58
Yong Chuan Chee ◽  
Sanihah Abdul Halim

An 80-year-old woman with history of hypertension presented to the emergency department following a fall. Her mental status quickly deteriorated and became obtunded. She was stuporous, and unresponsive to verbal stimuli. She had minimally reactive pupils and was moving extremities to painful stimuli. An MRI scan was performed following an unrevealing CT brain.

Friction ◽  
2021 ◽  
Ye Zhou ◽  
Caichao Zhu ◽  
Xiaojin Chen ◽  
Wei Ye

AbstractButterfly wings are closely related to the premature failure of rolling element bearings. In this study, butterfly formation is investigated using the developed semi-analytical three-dimensional (3D) contact model incorporating inclusion and material property degradation. The 3D elastic field introduced by inhomogeneous inclusion is solved by using numerical approaches, which include the equivalent inclusion method (EIM) and the conjugate gradient method (CGM). The accumulation of fatigue damage surrounding inclusions is described using continuum damage mechanics. The coupling between the development of the damaged zone and the stress field is considered. The effects of the inclusion properties on the contact status and butterfly formation are discussed in detail. The model provides a potential method for quantifying material defects and fatigue behavior in terms of the deterioration of material properties.

2021 ◽  
pp. 110898
Kang-Ling Liao ◽  
Wei-Chen Chang ◽  
Jeffrey M. Marcus ◽  
Jenn-Nan Wang

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