general strategy
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2022 ◽  
Vol 105 ◽  
pp. 286-292
Minmin Zhu ◽  
Haizhong Zhang ◽  
Shoo Wen Long Favier ◽  
Yida Zhao ◽  
Huilu Guo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Cheng Chi ◽  
Meng An ◽  
Xin Qi ◽  
Yang Li ◽  
Ruihan Zhang ◽  

AbstractThere has been increasing interest in the emerging ionic thermoelectric materials with huge ionic thermopower. However, it’s challenging to selectively tune the thermopower of all-solid-state polymer materials because the transportation of ions in all-solid-state polymers is much more complex than those of liquid-dominated gels. Herein, this work provides all-solid-state polymer materials with a wide tunable thermopower range (+20~−6 mV K−1), which is different from previously reported gels. Moreover, the mechanism of p-n conversion in all-solid-state ionic thermoelectric polymer material at the atomic scale was presented based on the analysis of Eastman entropy changes by molecular dynamics simulation, which provides a general strategy for tuning ionic thermopower and is beneficial to understand the fundamental mechanism of the p-n conversion. Furthermore, a self-powered ionic thermoelectric thermal sensor fabricated by the developed p- and n-type polymers demonstrated high sensitivity and durability, extending the application of ionic thermoelectric materials.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Satoshi Yamanaka ◽  
Yuto Horiuchi ◽  
Saya Matsuoka ◽  
Kohki Kido ◽  
Kohei Nishino ◽  

AbstractProteolysis-targeting chimaeras (PROTACs) as well as molecular glues such as immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) and indisulam are drugs that induce interactions between substrate proteins and an E3 ubiquitin ligases for targeted protein degradation. Here, we develop a workflow based on proximity-dependent biotinylation by AirID to identify drug-induced neo-substrates of the E3 ligase cereblon (CRBN). Using AirID-CRBN, we detect IMiD-dependent biotinylation of CRBN neo-substrates in vitro and identify biotinylated peptides of well-known neo-substrates by mass spectrometry with high specificity and selectivity. Additional analyses reveal ZMYM2 and ZMYM2-FGFR1 fusion protein—responsible for the 8p11 syndrome involved in acute myeloid leukaemia—as CRBN neo-substrates. Furthermore, AirID-DCAF15 and AirID-CRBN biotinylate neo-substrates targeted by indisulam and PROTACs, respectively, suggesting that this approach has the potential to serve as a general strategy for characterizing drug-inducible protein–protein interactions in cells.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 487
Yang Zhang ◽  
Wanbo Qu ◽  
Guyang Peng ◽  
Chenglong Zhang ◽  
Ziyu Liu ◽  

Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (AC-STEM) has evolved into the most powerful characterization and manufacturing platform for all materials, especially functional materials with complex structural characteristics that respond dynamically to external fields. It has become possible to directly observe and tune all kinds of defects, including those at the crucial atomic scale. In-depth understanding and technically tailoring structural defects will be of great significance for revealing the structure-performance relation of existing high-property materials, as well as for foreseeing paths to the design of high-performance materials. Insights would be gained from piezoelectrics and thermoelectrics, two representative functional materials. A general strategy is highlighted for optimizing these functional materials’ properties, namely defect engineering at the atomic scale.

Shan Li ◽  
Ying Gao ◽  
Tao Ba ◽  
Wei Zhao

In many countries, energy-saving and emissions mitigation for urban travel and public transportation are important for smart city developments. It is essential to understand the impact of smart transportation (ST) in public transportation in the context of energy savings in smart cities. The general strategy and significant ideas in developing ST for smart cities, focusing on deep learning technologies, simulation experiments, and simultaneous formulation, are in progress. This study hence presents simultaneous transportation monitoring and management frameworks (STMF ). STMF has the potential to be extended to the next generation of smart transportation infrastructure. The proposed framework consists of community signal and community traffic, ST platforms and applications, agent-based traffic control, and transportation expertise augmentation. Experimental outcomes exhibit better quality metrics of the proposed STMF technique in energy saving and emissions mitigation for urban travel and public transportation than other conventional approaches. The deployed system improves the accuracy, consistency, and F-1 measure by 27.50%, 28.81%, and 31.12%. It minimizes the error rate by 75.35%.

2022 ◽  
Athena Lin ◽  
Paul Piehowski ◽  
Chia-Feng Tsai ◽  
Tatyana Makushok ◽  
Lian Yi ◽  

Many individual proteins have been identified as having defined positions relative to cell polarity axes, raising the question of what fraction of all proteins may have polarized localizations. We took advantage of the giant ciliate Stentor coeruleus to quantify the extent of polarized localization proteome-wide. This trumpet-shaped unicellular organism shows a clear morphological anterior-posterior axis defined by a circular array of cilia known as a membranellar band at one end, and a holdfast at the other end. Because individual Stentor cells are over a millimeter in length, we were able to cut the cells into three pieces along the anterior-posterior axis, followed by proteomic analysis of proteins enriched in each piece. We find that approximately 30% of all detected proteins show a polarized location relative to the anterior-posterior cell axis. Proteins with polarized enrichment include centrin-like proteins, calcium-regulated kinases, orthologs of SFI1 and GAS2, and proteases. At the organelle level, nuclear and mitochondrial proteins are enriched in the anterior half of the cell body, but not in the membranellar band itself, while ribosome related proteins are apparently uniformly distributed. RNAi of signaling proteins enriched in the membranellar band, which is the anterior-most structure in the cell, revealed a protein phosphatase 2 subunit b ortholog required for closure of the membranellar band into the ring shape characteristic of Stentor. These results suggest that a large fraction of the Stentor proteome has a polarized localization, and provide a protein-level framework for future analysis of pattern formation and regeneration in Stentor as well as defining a general strategy for subcellular spatial proteomics based on physical dissection of cells.

2022 ◽  
Joshua A Walker ◽  
Noah Hamlish ◽  
Avery Tytla ◽  
Daniel D Brauer ◽  
Matthew B Francis ◽  

Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are peptide-derived natural products that include the FDA-approved analgesic ziconotide1,2 as well as compounds with potent antibiotic, antiviral, and anticancer properties.3 RiPP enzymes known as cyclodehydratases and dehydrogenases represent an exceptionally well-studied enzyme class.3 These enzymes work together to catalyze intramolecular, interresidue condensation3,4 and aromatization reactions that install oxazoline/oxazole and thiazoline/thiazole heterocycles within ribosomally produced polypeptide chains. Here we show that the previously reported enzymes MicD-F and ArtGox accept backbone-modified monomers, including aramids and beta-amino acids, within leader-free polypeptides, even at positions immediately preceding or following the site of cyclization/dehydrogenation. The products are sequence-defined chemical polymers with multiple, diverse, non-alpha-amino acid subunits. We show further that MicD-F and ArtGox can install heterocyclic backbones within protein loops and linkers without disrupting the native tertiary fold. Calculations reveal the extent to which these heterocycles restrict conformational space; they also eliminate a peptide bond. Both features could improve the stability or add function to linker sequences now commonplace in emerging biotherapeutics. Moreover, as thiazoles and thiazoline heterocycles are replete in natural products,5,6,7 small molecule drugs,8,9 and peptide-mimetic therapeutics,10 their installation in protein-based biotherapeutics could improve or augment performance, activity, stability, and/or selectivity. This work represents a general strategy to expand the chemical diversity of the proteome beyond and in synergy with what can now be accomplished by expanding the genetic code.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Andreas Borgschulte ◽  
Jasmin Terreni ◽  
Benjamin Fumey ◽  
Olga Sambalova ◽  
Emanuel Billeter

The kinetics of most chemical energy storage/conversion systems depend on the mass transport through matter, which is rate-limited by various kinetic barriers. The distinction of the barriers by static and dynamic interfaces helps in reducing their impact and therefore enhancing the overall kinetics. The concept is introduced along examples of static and dynamic interfaces in hydrogen storage, thermal energy storage in absorptive media, and electrochemical water splitting and CO2 reduction. In addition to the description of analysis methods to probe static and dynamic interfaces, the general strategy as well as concrete examples to overcome them are discussed.

Xinzi Tian ◽  
Jiarong Yao ◽  
Siyu Guo ◽  
Zhaofeng Wang ◽  
Yanling Xiao ◽  

Two-dimensional molecular crystals (2DMCs) are highly desirable to probe the intrinsic properties in organic semiconductors and are promising candidates for constructing high-performance optoelectronic devices. Liquids such as water are favorable...

Abdelsalam Ahmed ◽  
Islam Hassan ◽  
Celine Ling

In this work, we develop a new general strategy for fabricating a printable skin-integrated electronics that is highly permeable to gases, inflammation-free, conformable, and biodegradable for monitoring physiological functions.

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