spatial variations
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2022 ◽  
Vol 211 ◽  
pp. 105963
Jiadong Dai ◽  
Jianhui Zhang ◽  
Ke Xue ◽  
Feng Yang ◽  
Fucheng Huang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 112 ◽  
pp. 161-169
Xiaoteng Zhou ◽  
Vladimir Strezov ◽  
Yijiao Jiang ◽  
Tao Kan ◽  
Tim Evans

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 47-63
Guangjie Zheng ◽  
Hang Su ◽  
Siwen Wang ◽  
Andrea Pozzer ◽  
Yafang Cheng

Abstract. Aerosol acidity is a key parameter in atmospheric aqueous chemistry and strongly influences the interactions of air pollutants and the ecosystem. The recently proposed multiphase buffer theory provides a framework to reconstruct long-term trends and spatial variations in aerosol pH based on the effective acid dissociation constant of ammonia (Ka,NH3∗). However, non-ideality in aerosol droplets is a major challenge limiting its broad applications. Here, we introduced a non-ideality correction factor (cni) and investigated its governing factors. We found that besides relative humidity (RH) and temperature, cni is mainly determined by the molar fraction of NO3- in aqueous-phase anions, due to different NH4+ activity coefficients between (NH4)2SO4- and NH4NO3-dominated aerosols. A parameterization method is thus proposed to estimate cni at a given RH, temperature and NO3- fraction, and it is validated against long-term observations and global simulations. In the ammonia-buffered regime, with cni correction, the buffer theory can reproduce well the Ka,NH3∗ predicted by comprehensive thermodynamic models, with a root-mean-square deviation ∼ 0.1 and a correlation coefficient ∼ 1. Note that, while cni is needed to predict Ka,NH3∗ levels, it is usually not the dominant contributor to its variations, as ∼ 90 % of the temporal or spatial variations in Ka,NH3∗ are due to variations in aerosol water and temperature.

2022 ◽  
Vol 158 ◽  
pp. 106934
Alexander Badry ◽  
Gabriele Treu ◽  
Georgios Gkotsis ◽  
Maria-Christina Nika ◽  
Nikiforos Alygizakis ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (2) ◽  
pp. 195-200

On the basis of climatological data of 30 years (1951-1980) for 16 stations a climatological study of mean sea level pressure in Bangladesh has been accomplished. Spatial distribution and actual variation of mean sea level pressure have been studied. Attempt has been made to explain the cause of annual variation of mean sea, level pressure in Bangladesh from the point of view of synoptic meteorology. "Stability" of the meteorological stations of Bangladesh with respect to mean sea level pressure has been quired. The spatial variations of correlation of coefficients with regard to mean sea level pressure have been analysed. Finally, some characteristics of probabilities of mean sea level pressure at different materials for selected stations have been obtained.

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (4) ◽  
pp. 361-366
F. K. AHMED ◽  

Using synoptic and climatological data for 27 years (1951-1977) of 16 stations of Bangladesh, temporal and spatial variations of the ab3olute maximum temperature of Bangladesh have been studied. Empirical probabilities for the interval 35.loC-40.o0C and 40,1° -45.0°C of absolute maximum temperature have been examined. Some correlation characteristics between some pairs of station for some selected months have been analysed. An attempt has been made to explain the cause of temporal and spatial variations of maximum and absolute maximum temperatures from the point of view of synoptic meteorology.  

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