microbe interactions
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2022 ◽  
Vol 260 ◽  
pp. 107188
Jingwei Wang ◽  
Yadan Du ◽  
Wenquan Niu ◽  
Jinxian Han ◽  
Yuan Li ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 194
Fani Ntana ◽  
Sean R. Johnson ◽  
Björn Hamberger ◽  
Birgit Jensen ◽  
Hans J. L. Jørgensen ◽  

Specialised metabolites produced during plant-fungal associations often define how symbiosis between the plant and the fungus proceeds. They also play a role in the establishment of additional interactions between the symbionts and other organisms present in the niche. However, specialised metabolism and its products are sometimes overlooked when studying plant-microbe interactions. This limits our understanding of the specific symbiotic associations and potentially future perspectives of their application in agriculture. In this study, we used the interaction between the root endophyte Serendipita indica and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants to explore how specialised metabolism of the host plant is regulated upon a mutualistic symbiotic association. To do so, tomato seedlings were inoculated with S. indica chlamydospores and subjected to RNAseq analysis. Gene expression of the main tomato specialised metabolism pathways was compared between roots and leaves of endophyte-colonised plants and tissues of endophyte-free plants. S. indica colonisation resulted in a strong transcriptional response in the leaves of colonised plants. Furthermore, the presence of the fungus in plant roots appears to induce expression of genes involved in the biosynthesis of lignin-derived compounds, polyacetylenes, and specific terpenes in both roots and leaves, whereas pathways producing glycoalkaloids and flavonoids were expressed in lower or basal levels.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Peiguo Yuan ◽  
Kiwamu Tanaka ◽  
B. W. Poovaiah

Calcium (Ca2+) signaling in plant cells is an essential and early event during plant-microbe interactions. The recognition of microbe-derived molecules activates Ca2+ channels or Ca2+ pumps that trigger a transient increase in Ca2+ in the cytoplasm. The Ca2+ binding proteins (such as CBL, CPK, CaM, and CML), known as Ca2+ sensors, relay the Ca2+ signal into down-stream signaling events, e.g., activating transcription factors in the nucleus. For example, CaM and CML decode the Ca2+ signals to the CaM/CML-binding protein, especially CaM-binding transcription factors (AtSRs/CAMTAs), to induce the expressions of immune-related genes. In this review, we discuss the recent breakthroughs in down-stream Ca2+ signaling as a dynamic process, subjected to continuous variation and gradual change. AtSR1/CAMTA3 is a CaM-mediated transcription factor that represses plant immunity in non-stressful environments. Stress-triggered Ca2+ spikes impact the Ca2+-CaM-AtSR1 complex to control plant immune response. We also discuss other regulatory mechanisms in which Ca2+ signaling activates CPKs and MAPKs cascades followed by regulating the function of AtSR1 by changing its stability, phosphorylation status, and subcellular localization during plant defense.

2022 ◽  
Jingling Hu ◽  
Weitao Shuai ◽  
Jack T. Sumner ◽  
Anahid A Moghadam ◽  
Erica M Hartmann

Prolonged survival of clinically relevant pathogens on inanimate surfaces represents a major concern in healthcare facilities. Contaminated surfaces can serve as reservoirs of potential pathogens and greatly hinder the prevention of healthcare-associated infections. Probiotic cleaning using environmental microorganisms to promote inter-species competition has been proposed as an alternative to traditional chemical-based cleaning using antimicrobials. Probiotic cleaning seeks to take advantage of ecological principles such as competitive exclusion and utilize benign microorganisms to inhibit viable pathogens on indoor surfaces. However, limited mechanistic study has yielded direct evidence that enables the scientific community to understand the stress response, or microbe-microbe interactions between healthcare-associated pathogens and probiotic bacteria. Therefore, to bridge this knowledge gap, we combined transcriptomics and traditional microbiology techniques to investigate the differential impact of chemical-based and probiotic surface cleaners on the survival of Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae, two clinically important pathogens. Although probiotic Bacillus included in a commercialized All-Purpose Probiotic Cleaner persisted on surfaces for an extended period of time, surfaces contaminated with A. baumannii cleaned using chemical-based detergent with and without probiotic Bacillus showed no statistical difference in the viable colony forming units (CFUs) of A. baumannii. Similarly, for Klebsiella pneumoniae, there were negligible statistical differences in CFUs between probiotic and detergent cleaning scenarios. The transcriptome of A. baumannii with and without probiotic addition shared a high degree of similarity in overall gene expression, while the transcriptome of K. pneumoniae with and without probiotic addition differed in overall gene expression. Together, these results highlight the need to fully understand the underlying biological and ecological mechanisms for different pathogens and practical implications of probiotic indoor cleaning.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
Sunil K. Singh ◽  
Xiaoxuan Wu ◽  
Chuyang Shao ◽  
Huiming Zhang

AbstractNutrient availability is a determining factor for crop yield and quality. While fertilization is a major approach for improving plant nutrition, its efficacy can be limited and the production and application of fertilizers frequently bring problems to the environment. A large number of soil microbes are capable of enhancing plant nutrient acquisition and thereby offer environmentally benign solutions to meet the requirements of plant nutrition. Herein we provide summations of how beneficial microbes enhance plant acquisition of macronutrients and micronutrients. We also review recent studies on nutrition-dependent plant-microbe interactions, which highlight the plant’s initiative in establishing or deterring the plant-microbe association. By dissecting complex signaling interactions between microbes within the root microbiome, a greater understanding of microbe-enhanced plant nutrition under specific biotic and abiotic stresses will be possible.

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 372
Feyisara Eyiwumi Oni ◽  
Qassim Esmaeel ◽  
Joseph Tobias Onyeka ◽  
Rasheed Adeleke ◽  
Cedric Jacquard ◽  

Pseudomonas lipopeptides (Ps-LPs) play crucial roles in bacterial physiology, host–microbe interactions and plant disease control. Beneficial LP producers have mainly been isolated from the rhizosphere, phyllosphere and from bulk soils. Despite their wide geographic distribution and host range, emerging evidence suggests that LP-producing pseudomonads and their corresponding molecules display tight specificity and follow a phylogenetic distribution. About a decade ago, biocontrol LPs were mainly reported from the P. fluorescens group, but this has drastically advanced due to increased LP diversity research. On the one hand, the presence of a close-knit relationship between Pseudomonas taxonomy and the molecule produced may provide a startup toolbox for the delineation of unknown LPs into existing (or novel) LP groups. Furthermore, a taxonomy–molecule match may facilitate decisions regarding antimicrobial activity profiling and subsequent agricultural relevance of such LPs. In this review, we highlight and discuss the production of beneficial Ps-LPs by strains situated within unique taxonomic groups and the lineage-specificity and coevolution of this relationship. We also chronicle the antimicrobial activity demonstrated by these biomolecules in limited plant systems compared with multiple in vitro assays. Our review further stresses the need to systematically elucidate the roles of diverse Ps-LP groups in direct plant–pathogen interactions and in the enhancement of plant innate immunity.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Cécile Gruet ◽  
Daniel Muller ◽  
Yvan Moënne-Loccoz

Wheat, one of the major crops in the world, has had a complex history that includes genomic hybridizations between Triticum and Aegilops species and several domestication events, which resulted in various wild and domesticated species (especially Triticum aestivum and Triticum durum), many of them still existing today. The large body of information available on wheat-microbe interactions, however, was mostly obtained without considering the importance of wheat evolutionary history and its consequences for wheat microbial ecology. This review addresses our current understanding of the microbiome of wheat root and rhizosphere in light of the information available on pre- and post-domestication wheat history, including differences between wild and domesticated wheats, ancient and modern types of cultivars as well as individual cultivars within a given wheat species. This analysis highlighted two major trends. First, most data deal with the taxonomic diversity rather than the microbial functioning of root-associated wheat microbiota, with so far a bias toward bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi that will progressively attenuate thanks to the inclusion of markers encompassing other micro-eukaryotes and archaea. Second, the comparison of wheat genotypes has mostly focused on the comparison of T. aestivum cultivars, sometimes with little consideration for their particular genetic and physiological traits. It is expected that the development of current sequencing technologies will enable to revisit the diversity of the wheat microbiome. This will provide a renewed opportunity to better understand the significance of wheat evolutionary history, and also to obtain the baseline information needed to develop microbiome-based breeding strategies for sustainable wheat farming.

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