Soil Cement
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2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (58) ◽  
pp. 100-121
Author(s):  
Marlize Reffatti Zinelli Viezzer ◽  
Odorico Konrad ◽  
Bruno Furquim Horodenski ◽  
Aparecida Garcia Pacheco Gabriel ◽  
Rodrigo Spinelli

Resumo: A discussão sobre edificações sustentáveis vem sendo abordada há décadas por diferentes autores, em geral com foco no consumo energético e na vida útil dos materiais, contudo para atender esses objetivos são necessárias novas tecnologias que promovam mais sustentabilidade. Para tanto, a inclusão de fibras vegetais em compostos de solo-cimento se mostram uma alternativa interessante, e pelo fato do setor industrial madeireiro movimentar a economia local no município de Alta Floresta o resíduo serragem passa a ser um possível agregado nos tijolos ecológicos, uma vez que o armazenamento inadequado deste resíduo pode causar sérios impactos ambientais, portanto, este estudo se propôs a desenvolver um tijolo ecológico fabricado a partir da mistura de solo-cimento e serragem de três espécies florestais da Amazônia, Cambará - Vochysia sp., Cedrinho - Erisma uncinatum Warm., Garapeira. - Apuleia sp, e ainda avaliar a resistência a compressão com intervalos de cura de 7, 14, 21 e 28 dias, com o intuito de verificar a viabilidade do material construtivo. Para a realização do experimento, os tijolos foram fabricados com traço de 1:8:2,5, (cimento: solo: serragem) e a serragem utilizada com dois tratamentos, in natura e tratada por imersão e padronização granulométrica. O material misturado foi compactado em uma prensa hidráulica. Como resultado, os tijolos com serragem apresentaram valores de resistência mecânica de: Cedrinho 1,26Mpa, Cambará 1,70Mpa e Garapeira 1,95Mpa e teores de absorção de umidade  de 15,7%, 17,6% e 13,8%, respectivamente.Palavras-chave: Sustentabilidade. Tijolo solo-cimento. Serragem. Abstract: The discussion about sustainable edifications has been addressed in decades by different authors, generally focusing energetic consume and the materials lifespan, however to reach these goals it is necessary new technologies that promote more sustainability. For that the inclusion of vegetal fibers in soil-cements composts present as an interesting alternative, and because the timber industry moves the local economy in the city of Alta Floresta the sawdust residue become a possible aggregate of ecologic bricks since inadequate storage of this material can cause serious environment impacts, therefore this study propose to develop an ecologic brick manufactured by the mix of soil-cement and sawdust of three Amazonian species: Cambará - Vochysia sp., Cedrinho - Erisma uncinatum Warm, Garapeira. - Apuleia sp., and also evaluate the compression resistance in 7, 14, 21, 28 days intervals, aiming to verify the feasibility of the constructive material. To carry out the experiment the bricks were manufacture with the ratio of 1:8:2,5 (cement: soil: sawdust), and the sawdust used was treated twice, in natura, treated by immersion and granulometric standardization. The mixed material was compacted in a hydraulic press. As a result, the sawdust bricks showed resistance values of: Cedrinho 1.26 MPa, Cambará 1.70 MPa and Garapeira 1.95 MPa and humidity absorption percentage of 15.7%, 17.6%, and 13.8% % respectively.Keywords: Sustainably, Ecologic Brick, Sawdust


Author(s):  
Minakshi Uchibagle ◽  
B Ram Rathan Lal

Controlled low-strength material (CLSM) is a self-levelling cementitious material. It is not concrete nor soil-cement, however, it possesses properties similar to both. CLSM is widely used as a replacement for soil-cement material in many geotechnical applications such as structural backfill, pipeline beddings, void fill, pavement bases and bridge approaches. This paper study potential possibility of polypropylene fiber in CLSM. Harden and fresh properties compressive strength , flowability and density for the proposed CLSM were investigated. This CLSM mix design with different percentage of polypropylene fiber and pond ash, cement and water. EPS beats and polypropylene add 0 %, 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% of total weight is added in CLSM MIx. Results show that the CLSM incorporating EPS beats and polypropylene satisfies compressive strength requirement as per the requirements of ACI committee 229. polypropylene decreases the flowability of CLSM mix and at the same tine by adding EPS beats the density of CLSM mix are reduce which become lightweight CLSM mix. from this it can conclude that polypropylene fibers is less effective in CLSM mix and EPS beats make CLSM mix lightweight which create lightweight CLSM mix applicable for filling application.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 32-39
Author(s):  
Koruyn Ashot Karapetyan ◽  
Sargis Hrachik Hairoyan ◽  
Eghishe Samvel Manukyan

The results of an experimental study of changes in strength and deformability during the period of time subjected to short-term loading of elements made of a soil-cement composite based on white soil (belozems) of carbonate composition are discussed. Research was carried out in accordance with current standards, as well as a well-known method that has been repeatedly tested earlier. To assess the experimentally established data, the results of similar studies by other authors, carried out applying elements from soil-cement based on clay soils, as well as from lightweight concrete on lithoid pumice (volcanic rock), are also presented. On the basis of the comparative analyzes of the experimentally established data, conclusions are formulated. The consideration of those may be useful both for the estimation of optimal schedules of the construction of buildings from a soil-cement composite, and for the assessment of their stress-strain state.


2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (1) ◽  
pp. 19-26
Author(s):  
Ana Cláudia Franca Gomes ◽  
Carol Cardoso Moura Cordeiro ◽  
Ivan Julio Apolonio Callejas ◽  
Sônia Denise Ferreira Rocha

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1(62)) ◽  
pp. 43-47
Author(s):  
Olena Mykhailovska ◽  
Mykola Zotsenko

The object of research is the basis of the compressor equipment of the complex gas treatment plant at the Abazivka field and the strengthening of the base soils with soil-cement elements, which are proposed to be arranged with the use of drilling technology. The research area is located on the territory of the current Abazivka Integrated Gas Preparation, near the village of Bugaivka, Poltava region, Ukraine. Abazivka Integrated Gas Preparation receives products from wells in Abazivka and Sementsivske deposits. It is proposed to carry out the reconstruction of Integrated Gas Preparation, which includes strengthening the foundation of the compressor model C1004-JGT/2-1 manufactured by «Propak» (Alberta, Canada). The amplitudes of oscillations of the compressor foundation were determined at a speed of 1400 rpm at the appropriate site with geological conditions. The magnitudes of oscillations and subsidence of the compressor foundation of the Abazivka complex of complex gas treatment were investigated experimentally. When determining the amplitudes of oscillations of the compressor foundations, only the amplitudes of oscillations in the direction parallel to the sliding of the pistons were calculated, and the influence of the vertical component of the perturbing forces was not taken into account. It is established that the amplitude of horizontal-rotational oscillations of the upper face of the compressor foundation relative to the horizontal axis exceeds the maximum allowable. It is substantiated that soil cement is a sufficiently strong and waterproof material that can be used to strengthen the base during the construction of equipment foundations. The possibility of application of the technology of application of soil-cement piles, made by brown-mixing technology for strengthening the base under the foundation of the compressor, is described and investigated. It is proposed to reinforce the base with rows of soil-cement elements, which will increase the modulus of deformation of the base, which is represented by loam, light to 14.3 MPa. In the case of strengthening the base, the amplitude of horizontal-rotational oscillations of the upper face of the compressor foundation is much less than the maximum allowable 0.1 mm. The subsidence of the foundation at reinforcement of the base, which does not exceed the maximum allowable value, is determined. Soil-cement elements are proposed to be arranged according to the drilling technology.


2021 ◽  
Vol 56 (4) ◽  
pp. 673-686
Author(s):  
Tulane Rodrigues Da Silva ◽  
Daiane Cecchin ◽  
Afonso Rangel Garcez De Azevedo ◽  
Jonas Alexandre ◽  
Izabella Christynne Ribeiro Pinto Valadão ◽  
...  

This study aimed to analyze potential industrial solid waste that can be added to soil-cement blocks. A narrative literature review was conducted in the Scopus academic database, using as the search criteria keywords related to the topic, such as soil-cement, building materials, soil-cement blocks, soil-cement bricks, physical and mechanical properties, solid waste, life cycle analysis, and civil construction. A variety of industrial solid waste that can be incorporated into soil-cement blocks was observed, such as waste rock, sludge from water treatment plants, wood sawdust, polyethylene terephthalate fibers (PET), vegetable fibers from loofah, hemp fibers, rice husks, brachiaria grass, poultry eggshells, sugar cane bagasse, wheat and barley straw, welding slag, foundry sand, waste from quartzite mining, construction, and demolition, mechanical turning, pulp industry grains, and steel mill co-products. Among the investigated wastes, those that improved the physical and mechanical properties of the soil-cement blocks were grains from the cellulose industry, rice husks, Brachiaria grass, steel by-products with granulated soil-cement blocks and blast furnace slag. The waste that produced no satisfactory results was sludge from a water treatment plant, sugarcane bagasse, and vegetable loofah. Through this research, it was possible to verify that the behavior of soil-cement blocks is influenced by several factors in their manufacture, mainly regarding the type and percentage of incorporated waste. However, it is important to be concerned with its application in waste blocks so as not to increase the environmental impacts in the long term.


2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Author(s):  
Prinya Chindaprasirt ◽  
Apichit Kampala ◽  
Pattawitchaya Daprom ◽  
Peerapong Jitsangiam ◽  
Suksun Horpibulsuk

Abstract Stabilization with cement is the most commonly used technique for the improvement of soil physical, mechanical, and engineering properties. This research reported on the properties of the rejuvenation for recycled soil cement with incorporation of fly ash (FA). The study showed that the specific gravity of Rejuvenated Soil Cement (RSC) decreased with increasing FA. The free swell ratio and linear shrinkage of RSC were significantly decreased with the increase in FA. The maximum dry unit weight of RSC increased with increasing FA up to the optimum FA content of 20 – 25 %. The optimum water content in compaction was relatively constant with the increase in FA. Particularly, the strength improvement in active zone of FA-RSC was influenced by several factors viz., compaction, packing, rehydration, and pozzolanic reaction. As a result, the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of RSC increased with increase in FA and curing time. This research clearly showed that the rejuvenation of soil-cement with FA as additive was successful. It was also shown that the normalized UCSs of RSC at various curing times could be used to predict the UCSs at 7 and 28 days.


2021 ◽  
Vol 313 ◽  
pp. 125518
Author(s):  
Adriana Belén Costantini Romero ◽  
Franco Matias Francisca ◽  
Ignacio Giomi

Author(s):  
Ticyane Pereira Freire Sabino ◽  
Nayane Pereira Freire Coelho ◽  
Nayhara Camila Andrade ◽  
Stefânia Lima Oliveira Metzker ◽  
Queilla Santos Viana ◽  
...  

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