polypropylene fiber
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Author(s):  
Ninghui Liang ◽  
Xiufei You ◽  
Ru Yan ◽  
Qingxu Miao ◽  
Xinrong Liu

AbstractTo explore the effect of multi-scale polypropylene fiber (PPF) hybridization on the mechanical properties of roller-compacted concrete (RCC), the early-age (3, 7, 14, 28 days) compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and uniaxial tensile test of RCC reinforced with micro-, macro- and hybrid polypropylene fibers were investigated. Then, the tensile stress–strain curve of polypropylene fiber-reinforced roller-compacted concrete (PFRCC) and the corresponding tensile parameters were obtained. The uniaxial tensile constitutive equation of PFRCC and fiber hybrid effect function was also proposed. Finally, the enhancement mechanism of fiber hybridization on mechanical properties of RCC was analyzed. The results indicated that the strength and toughness of PFRCC improved with the incorporation of PPF, showing obvious plastic failure characteristics of PFRCC. Before curing the concrete for 7 days, micro-PPF played a major role in strengthening RCC, while macro-PPF played a major role in reinforcing concrete after that. Moreover, the tensile strength and toughness indexes of multi-scale PFRCC performed the best, indicating the positive hybridization of three types of PPF. The proposed PFRCC uniaxial tensile constitutive equation and fiber hybrid effect function based on existing researches were also well matched with the experimental results.


Author(s):  
Mahmoud Saad ◽  
Vincent Sabathier ◽  
Anaclet Turatsinze

Given their specific properties, their natural and renewable sources and their low environmental impact in production, natural fibers offer an opportunity for the development of eco-friendly cement-based composites. The main objective of this experimental work is to evaluate the resistance to the impact load of mortars incorporating natural fibers or polypropylene fibers at 28 days. The assessment was carried out according to an experimental protocol developed in our laboratory. The method consists in dropping a metallic ball on a square shaped specimen of 30x30x2 cm3 to determine the energy supported by each sample. For each specimen, the number of blows required for the first crack initiation and for the total collapse of specimen are detected using a device allowing to measure the speed of ultrasonic waves. The device was fixed on the specimen itself. In order to fulfill the mechanical identity card of the composites, flexural and compression tests were also carried out at 28 days. In this experimental protocol, the pozzolanic binder was considered with different fiber percentages of polypropylene (0.25% and 0.5% by mass of binder) and of natural fibers (0.5% and 1% by mass of binder). All fibers have a length of 12 mm. Results show that natural fiber reinforcement could be considered as an ecological alternative to polypropylene fiber one to improve the resistance of mortars to impact loads.


2022 ◽  
Vol 316 ◽  
pp. 125827
Author(s):  
Muhammed Yasin Durgun ◽  
Süleyman Özen ◽  
Kemal Karakuzu ◽  
Veysel Kobya ◽  
Sultan Husein Bayqra ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
pp. 239-248
Author(s):  
Mehmet Fatih Şahan ◽  
Fatih Ali Öncel ◽  
İsmail Ünsal

This study investigated the effect of fiber ratio on the impact behavior of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete cube and beam samples. Plain concrete mixtures for control samples and polypropylene fiber-reinforced concrete mixtures with fiber ratios of %0.22, %0.44, and %0.66 by volume were prepared. An instrumented drop-weight impact system was used for the dynamic tests. Static compression tests, three-point bending tests, and impact tests were performed on beam samples (with the dimension of 100×100×500 mm). Static compression and impact tests were performed on cube samples (with the size of 100 mm). It was observed that the fracture properties of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete for both cube and beam samples were better than the control samples under impact. The crack width in the beams under the impact decreased with the increase in polypropylene fiber ratio. The cube and beam concrete samples reinforced with polypropylene fibers absorbed the impact energy better than the control samples.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (4) ◽  
pp. 227-238
Author(s):  
Alper Karadis ◽  
Kabil Cetin ◽  
Taha Yasin Altıok ◽  
Ali Demir

Glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) composites have been frequently used in engineering applications in recent years. GFRP composites produced by using glass fiber and epoxy resin have significant advantages such as high strength, lightness, and resistance against corrosion. However, GFRP composites exhibit a more brittle behavior than steel bars. This study aims to investigate both the experimental and numerical bending behavior of slabs with GFRP bars, steel bars, and polypropylene fiber. Within the scope of experimental studies, 5 slabs were built. Two slabs called SS-1 and SS-2 have only steel bars. Two slabs called GFRPS-1 and GFRPS-2 have only GFRP composite bars. A slab called GFRPS-F has both GFRP composite bars and polypropylene fibers. Polypropylene fibers are added to fresh concrete to improve the slab’s ductility. Three-point bending tests have been carried out on the slabs. All slabs are subjected to monotonic increasing distributed loading until collapse. As a result of tests, GFRPS slabs have carried %53 higher load than SS slabs. However, the SS slabs have exhibited a more ductile behavior compared to the GFRPS slabs. GFRPS slabs have more and larger crack width than other slabs. The addition of 5% polypropylene fiber by volume to concrete has a significant contributed to ductility and tensile behavior of slab. The average displacement value of GFRPS-F slab is 22.3% larger than GFRPS slab. GFRPS-F slab has better energy consumption capacity than other slabs. The energy consumption capacity of GFRPS-F slab is 1.34 and 1.38 times that of SS and GFRPS slabs, respectively. The number of cracks in GFRPS-F slab is fewer than GFRPS slabs. The fibers have contributed to the serviceability of the GFRPS slabs by limiting the displacement and the crack width. GFRPS-F exhibits elastoplastic behavior and almost returns to its first position when the loading is stopped. In addition, experimental results are verified with numerical results obtained by using Abaqus software. Finally, it is concluded that GFRP composite bars can be safely used in field concretes, concrete roads, prefabricated panel walls, and slabs.


Author(s):  
Minakshi Uchibagle ◽  
B Ram Rathan Lal

Controlled low-strength material (CLSM) is a self-levelling cementitious material. It is not concrete nor soil-cement, however, it possesses properties similar to both. CLSM is widely used as a replacement for soil-cement material in many geotechnical applications such as structural backfill, pipeline beddings, void fill, pavement bases and bridge approaches. This paper study potential possibility of polypropylene fiber in CLSM. Harden and fresh properties compressive strength , flowability and density for the proposed CLSM were investigated. This CLSM mix design with different percentage of polypropylene fiber and pond ash, cement and water. EPS beats and polypropylene add 0 %, 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% of total weight is added in CLSM MIx. Results show that the CLSM incorporating EPS beats and polypropylene satisfies compressive strength requirement as per the requirements of ACI committee 229. polypropylene decreases the flowability of CLSM mix and at the same tine by adding EPS beats the density of CLSM mix are reduce which become lightweight CLSM mix. from this it can conclude that polypropylene fibers is less effective in CLSM mix and EPS beats make CLSM mix lightweight which create lightweight CLSM mix applicable for filling application.


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