fermi's golden rule
Recently Published Documents





2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (9) ◽  
João G. F. Campos ◽  
Azadeh Mohammadi

Abstract The system consisting of a fermion in the background of a wobbling kink is studied in this paper. To investigate the impact of the wobbling on the fermion-kink interaction, we employ the time-dependent perturbation theory formalism in quantum mechanics. To do so, we compute the transition probabilities between states given in terms of the Bogoliubov coefficients. We derive Fermi’s golden rule for the model, which allows the transition to the continuum at a constant rate if the fermion-kink coupling constant is smaller than the wobbling frequency. Moreover, we study the system replacing the shape mode with a quasinormal mode. In this case, the transition rate to continuum decays in time due to the leakage of the mode, and the final transition probability decreases sharply for large coupling constants in a way that is analogous to Fermi’s golden rule. Throughout the paper, we compare the perturbative results with numerical simulations and show that they are in good agreement.

2021 ◽  
Vol 127 (1) ◽  
Sebastian Franke ◽  
Juanjuan Ren ◽  
Marten Richter ◽  
Andreas Knorr ◽  
Stephen Hughes

V. Debierre ◽  
E. Lassalle

Fermi’s golden rule describes the decay dynamics of unstable quantum systems coupled to a reservoir, and predicts a linear decay in time. Although it arises at relatively short times, the Fermi regime does not take hold in the earliest stages of the quantum dynamics. The standard criterion in the literature for the onset time of the Fermi regime is t F  ∼ 1/Δ ω , with Δ ω the frequency interval around the resonant transition frequency ω 0 of the system, over which the coupling to the reservoir does not vary appreciably. In this work, this criterion is shown to be inappropriate in general for broadband reservoirs, where the reservoir coupling spectrum takes the form R ( ω ) ∝  ω η , and for which it is found that for η  > 1, the onset time of the Fermi regime is given by t F  ∝ ( ω X / ω 0 ) η −1  × 1/ ω 0 where ω X is the high-frequency cutoff of the reservoir. Therefore, the onset of the Fermi regime can take place at times orders of magnitude larger than those predicted by the standard criterion. This phenomenon is shown to be related to the excitation of the off-resonant frequencies of the reservoir at short times. For broadband reservoirs with η  ≤ 1, and for narrowband reservoirs, it is shown that the standard criterion is correct.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document