radiative recombination
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2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Zirong Wang ◽  
Fanyuan Meng ◽  
Qi Feng ◽  
Shengxuan Shi ◽  
Langwen Qiu ◽  

Recently, quasi-two-dimensional (Q-2D) perovskites have received much attention due to their excellent photophysical properties. Phase compositions in Q-2D perovskites have obvious effect on the device performance. Here, efficient green perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) were fabricated by employing o-fluorophenylethylammonium bromide (o-F-PEABr) and 2-aminoethanol hydrobromide (EOABr) as the mix-interlayer ligands. Phase compositions are rationally optimized through composition and interlayer engineering. Meanwhile, non-radiative recombination is greatly suppressed by the introduction of mix-interlayer ligands. Thus, green PeLEDs with a peak photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of 81.4%, a narrow full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 19 nm, a maximum current efficiency (CE) of 27.7 cd/A, and a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 10.4% were realized. The results are expected to offer a feasible method to realize high-efficiency PeLEDs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Dong In Kim ◽  
Ji Won Lee ◽  
Rak Hyun Jeong ◽  
Jin-Hyo Boo

AbstractOver the past number of years, the power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells has remained at 25.5%, reflecting a respectable result for the general incorporation of organometallic trihalide perovskite solar cells. However, perovskite solar cells still suffer from long-term stability issues. Perovskite decomposes upon exposure to moisture, thermal, and UV-A light. Studies related to this context have remained ongoing. Recently, research was mainly conducted on the stability of perovskite against non-radiative recombination. This study improved a critical instability in perovskite solar cells arising from non-radiative recombination and UV-A light using a passivation layer. The passivation layer comprised a polyaniline (PANI) polymer as an interfacial modifier inserted between the active layer and the electron transport layer. Accordingly, the UV-A light did not reach the active layer and confined the Pb2+ ions at PANI passivation layer. This study optimized the perovskite solar cells by controlling the concentration, thickness and drying conditions of the PANI passivation layer. As a result, the efficiency of the perovskite solar cell was achieved 15.1% and showed over 84% maintain in efficiency in the ambient air for one month using the 65 nm PANI passivation layer.

2022 ◽  
Julian Klein ◽  
Laura Kampermann ◽  
Jannik Korte ◽  
Maik Dreyer ◽  
Eko Budiyanto ◽  

Spectroscopic methods enabling real-time monitoring of dynamic surface processes are a prerequisite for identifying how a catalyst triggers a chemical reaction. We present an in situ photoluminescence spectroscopy approach for probing the thermo-catalytic 2-propanol oxidation over mesostructured Co3O4 nanowires. Under oxidative conditions, a distinct blue emission at ~420 nm is detected that increases with temperature up to 280 °C, with an intermediate maximum at 150 °C. Catalytic data gained under comparable conditions show that this course of photoluminescence intensity precisely follows the conversion of 2-propanol and the production of acetone. The blue emission is assigned to the radiative recombination of unbound acetone molecules, the n - π* transition of which is selectively excited by a wavelength of 270 nm. These findings open a pathway for studying thermo-catalytic processes via in situ photoluminescence spectroscopy thereby gaining information about the performance of the catalyst and the formation of intermediate products.

2021 ◽  
Hui Ma ◽  
Yue Tian ◽  
chang wang ◽  
Mengya Zhang ◽  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3310
Yijie Xia ◽  
Shuaishuai Du ◽  
Pengju Huang ◽  
Luchao Wu ◽  
Siyu Yan ◽  

The temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) properties of an anti-perovskite [MnBr4]BrCs3 sample in the temperature range of 78–500 K are studied in the present work. This material exhibits unique performance which is different from a typical perovskite. Experiments showed that from room temperature to 78 K, the luminous intensity increased as the temperature decreased. From room temperature to 500 K, the photoluminescence intensity gradually decreased with increasing temperature. Experiments with varying temperatures repeatedly showed that the emission wavelength was very stable. Based on the above-mentioned phenomenon of the changing photoluminescence under different temperatures, the mechanism is deduced from the temperature-dependent characteristics of excitons, and the experimental results are explained on the basis of the types of excitons with different energy levels and different recombination rates involved in the steady-state PL process. The results show that in the measured temperature range of 78–500 K, the steady-state PL of [MnBr4]BrCs3 had three excitons with different energy levels and recombination rates participating. The involved excitons with the highest energy level not only had a high radiative recombination rate, but a high non-radiative recombination rate as well. The excitons at the second-highest energy level had a similar radiative recombination rate to the lowest energy level excitons and a had high non-radiative recombination rate. These excitons made the photoluminescence gradually decrease with increasing temperature. This may be the reason for this material’s high photoluminescence efficiency and low electroluminescence efficiency.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2086 (1) ◽  
pp. 012075
D S Arteev ◽  
A V Sakharov ◽  
A E Nikolaev ◽  
E E Zavarin ◽  
W V Lundin ◽  

Abstract The paper presents the derivation of a model for minority carriers collection based on the reciprocity theorem and its application for determination of hole diffusion length in n-GaN by means of photoluminescence. The estimated hole diffusion lengths at room temperature are 110 nm and 194 nm in the case of low and high excitation, respectively, which could be explained by saturation of non-radiative recombination centers in bulk GaN and at the surface with photogenerated carriers.

2D Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Suman Chatterjee ◽  
Sarthak Das ◽  
Garima Gupta ◽  
Kenji Watanabe ◽  
Takashi Taniguchi ◽  

Abstract The monolayers of semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides host strongly bound excitonic complexes and are an excellent platform for exploring many-body physics. Here we demonstrate a controlled kinetic manipulation of the five-particle excitonic complex, the charged biexciton, through a systematic dependence of the biexciton peak on excitation power, gate voltage, and temperature using steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL). With the help of a combination of the experimental data and a rate equation model, we argue that the binding energy of the charged biexciton is less than the spectral separation of its peak from the neutral exciton. We also note that while the momentum-direct radiative recombination of the neutral exciton is restricted within the light cone, such restriction is relaxed for a charged biexciton recombination due to the presence of near-parallel excited and final states in the momentum space.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2015 (1) ◽  
pp. 012153
Pavel Tonkaev ◽  
Sergey Makarov

Abstract Hyperbolic metamaterials represent a class of nanophotonic architectures with the possibility of controlling density of optical states. Due to this property, hyperbolic metamaterials can be employed as meta-electrodes in optoelectronic devices. On the other hand, lead halide perovskites have several promising properties for application in light-emitting devices. Moreover, a perovskite film is easily deposited on a hyperbolic metamaterial surface. Here, we theoretically show how to accelerate radiative recombination in a perovskite film with a hyperbolic metamaterial. This effect can be applied in light-emitting devices, where radiative recombination is extremely important.

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