stable phase
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2022 ◽  
Vol 431 ◽  
pp. 133935
Miao Cheng ◽  
Jing Hu ◽  
Jianqiang Xia ◽  
Qianqian Liu ◽  
Tao Wei ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 307 ◽  
pp. 118212
Chengbin Yu ◽  
Juhyuk Park ◽  
Jae Ryoun Youn ◽  
Young Seok Song

Coatings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 73
Wenhui Xiao ◽  
Ying Yang ◽  
Zhipeng Pi ◽  
Fan Zhang

YTaO4 and the relevant modification are considered to be a promising new thermal barrier coating. In this article, phase stability and mechanical properties of the monoclinic (M), monoclinic-prime (M′), and tetragonal (T) REMO4 (M = Ta, Nb) are systematically investigated from first-principles calculations method based on density functional theory (DFT). Our calculations show that M′-RETaO4 is the thermodynamically stable phase at low temperatures, but the stable phase is a monoclinic structure for RENbO4. Moreover, the calculated relative energies between M (or M′) and T phases are inversely proportional to the ionic radius of rare earth elements. It means that the phase transformation temperature of M′→T or M→T could decrease along with the increasing ionic radius of RE3+, which is consistent with the experimental results. Besides, our calculations exhibit that adding Nb into the M′-RETaO4 phase could induce phase transformation temperature of M′→M. Elastic coefficient is attained by means of the strain-energy method. According to the Voigt–Reuss–Hill approximation method, bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young’s modulus, and Poisson’s ratio of T, M, and M’ phases are obtained. The B/G criterion proposed by Pugh theory exhibits that T, M, and M’ phases are all ductile. The hardness of REMO4 (M = Ta, Nb) phases are predicted based on semi-empirical equations, which is consistent with the experimental data. Finally, the anisotropic mechanical properties of the REMO4 materials have been analyzed. The emerging understanding provides theoretical guidance for the related materials development.

Wencheng Lu ◽  
Kun Hao ◽  
Siyu Liu ◽  
Jian Lv ◽  
Mi Zhou ◽  

Abstract Polynitrogen compounds have been intensively studied for potential applications as high energy density materials, especially in energy and military fields. Here, using the swarm intelligence algorithm in combination with first-principles calculations, we systematically explored the variable stoichiometries of yttrium–nitrogen compounds on the nitrogen-rich regime at high pressure, where a new stable phase of YN10 adopting I4/m symmetry was discovered at the pressure of 35 GPa and showed metallic character from the analysis of electronic properties. In YN10, all the nitrogen atoms were sp2-hybridized in the form of N5 ring. Furthermore, the gravimetric and volumetric energy densities were estimated to be 3.05 kJ/g and 9.27 kJ/cm-1 respectively. Particularly, the calculated detonation velocity and pressure of YN10 (12.0 km/s, 82.7 GPa) was higher than that of TNT (6.9 km/s, 19.0 GPa) and HMX (9.1 km/s, 39.3 GPa), making it a potential candidate as a high-energy-density material.

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