Geographical Information System
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Author(s):  
Leila Sherafati ◽  
Hossein Aghamohammadi Zanjirabad ◽  
Saeed Behzadi

Background: Air pollution is one of the most important causes of respiratory diseases that people face in big cities today. Suspended particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide are the five major pollutants of air that pose many problems to human health. We aimed to provide an approach for modeling and analyzing the spatiotemporal model of ozone distribution based on Geographical Information System (GIS). Methods: In the first step, by considering the accuracy of different interpolation methods, the Inverse distance weighted (IDW) method was selected as the best interpolation method for mapping the concentration of ozone in Tehran, Iran. In the next step, according to the daily data of Ozone pollutants, the daily, monthly, and annual mean concentrations maps were prepared for the years 2015, 2016, and 2017. Results: Spatial and temporal analysis of the distribution of ozone pollutants in Tehran was performed. The highest concentrations of O3 are found in the southwest and parts of the central part of the city. Finally, a neural network was developed to predict the amount of ozone pollutants according to meteorological parameters. Conclusion: The results show that meteorological parameters such as temperature, velocity and direction of the wind, and precipitation are influential on O3 concentration.


2022 ◽  
Vol 124 ◽  
pp. 123-147
Author(s):  
Karina Pryt

The Polish-Soviet War, particularly the Battle of Warsaw (13–25 August 1920), soon became a subject of legend and myth. Irrespective of its fundamental political significance, the defeat of the Red Army was glorified as salvation for both Poland and Europe in military, ideological and metaphysical terms. Conducted beyond academia, the narrative was forged mainly by veterans, the Catholic Church and various forms of literature and art. Due to government subsidies, documentary and feature films also conveyed a normative notion of these dramatic events and their participants. This article focuses on cinematic works like Dla Ciebie, Polsko [For You, o Poland, PL 1920], and Cud nad Wisłą [The Miracle on the Vistula, PL 1921] produced in order to commemorate the war between the Poles and the Bolsheviks. Taking the iconic turn, this article scrutinises the cinematic self-portrait of the Polish nation that had already been ‘imagined’ as a bulwark of European culture in the East by earlier literary works. Spotlighting protagonists who were given a place in the pantheon of national heroes, it also asks about those who were denigrated or marginalised like women and Jews. Finally, using quantitative methods and Geographical Information System (QGIS) as a tool, the article juxtaposes the maledominated, ethnically and confessional homogeneous ‘imagined nation’ with the film entrepreneurs and actual cinema audiences characterised by their diversity.


astonjadro ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 144
Author(s):  
Fendi Hary Yanto ◽  
Suryoto Suryoto ◽  
Oktavia Kurnianingsih

<p>Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have become very interesting and provide hope and the development of information and communication technology. One of the efforts to support the management of PBB geospatial data is by developing a Spatial Data Infrastructure (IDS). To determine the quality of geospatial data used in PBB management and the condition and readiness of IDS for PBB. A GIS-based computer program was used it. This study aims to determine the quality of geospatial data used to manage PBB in Gajahan Village, Colomadu District, Karngayar Regency. We collected data using observation and documentation techniques and data analysis of the PBB Block Map using the Arcgis software. The results showed that the position was less accurate in terms of geospatial data quality and the geometric shape had similarities. Also, the digitized results of the PBB block map can be used to support policymaking in local governments. However, the results of interviews with village officials were that they could only read old maps and could not update new data.</p>


2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 87-96
Author(s):  
Aslam Fatkhudin

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that can infect one person to another caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This disease is not only transmitted to people of productive age (15-45), but teenagers or children under 15 years can also be infected with the bacteria. Every year new cases are found in Indonesia, such as in the work area of the Paninggaran Health Center, Paninggaran District. Public Health Centers and Hospitals are health facilities for the community that have the facilities and infrastructure to determine how large the coverage of health figures for the community is. From this analysis, it can be found the obstacles that must be faced, namely how to provide information to the public about the spread of Tuberculosis in Paninggaran District. This is what underlies this research to create an Android-based Geographic Information System application for the distribution of tuberculosis in Paninggaran District with menus that are useful for the wider community and easy to use. The method used in this research is the Waterfall Method. The final result of this study is a "Geographical Information System for the Distribution of Tuberculosis in Paninggaran District" in the form of an android application for the community and a website for admins, namely Paninggaran Health Center officers, so that it can facilitate the distribution of information about Tuberculosis to the community and related health services, this application can also displays a map of the distribution of Tuberculosis disease, the location of where Tuberculosis patients live, the number of Tuberculosis case data and educational news about Tuberculosis disease.


2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (39) ◽  
pp. 84-95
Author(s):  
Grzegorz Diemientiew

The purpose of the article is to present various adverse events that may occur in connection with the loading, unloading and transport of dangerous substances. The focus was on finding the reasons for their formation and an analysis of the quantity and structure of the goods transported was carried out. It also describes the possibility of using the geographical information system, with particular regard to the risk situation during the transport of such substances.


Author(s):  
M. Maliari ◽  
A. Azyat ◽  
N. B. Achhab ◽  
N. Raissouni ◽  
A. Chahboun

Abstract. Recently, Urban Parks presents an essential role of humanity, because they provide a many of benefits that support our physical and social health. Therefore, UP (Urban Parks) are crucial part of whole urban environment. In this paper, we present the role of Green Space in public health, and based on Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques, we will start our study with a case study of the city of Tangier in northern Morocco. The city has had remarkable development in recent years. So, the inhabitants of Tangier need demands in the public services, in particular the urban parks.So we studied the distribution of urban parks in the different commons of the city (Tangier, Charf, Benimakada and Boukhalef (Guezania previously)) by calculating the area and the number of UPs in each common, then a calculation on the indices (PAC, PAR and PR) for each region, and finally make a comparison with the situation in 2015.


2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 12
Author(s):  
S. R. Tramboo ◽  
Z. A. Wani ◽  
R. A. Shahardar ◽  
I. M. Allaie ◽  
K. H. Bulbul

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