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Author(s):  
Leila Sherafati ◽  
Hossein Aghamohammadi Zanjirabad ◽  
Saeed Behzadi

Background: Air pollution is one of the most important causes of respiratory diseases that people face in big cities today. Suspended particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide are the five major pollutants of air that pose many problems to human health. We aimed to provide an approach for modeling and analyzing the spatiotemporal model of ozone distribution based on Geographical Information System (GIS). Methods: In the first step, by considering the accuracy of different interpolation methods, the Inverse distance weighted (IDW) method was selected as the best interpolation method for mapping the concentration of ozone in Tehran, Iran. In the next step, according to the daily data of Ozone pollutants, the daily, monthly, and annual mean concentrations maps were prepared for the years 2015, 2016, and 2017. Results: Spatial and temporal analysis of the distribution of ozone pollutants in Tehran was performed. The highest concentrations of O3 are found in the southwest and parts of the central part of the city. Finally, a neural network was developed to predict the amount of ozone pollutants according to meteorological parameters. Conclusion: The results show that meteorological parameters such as temperature, velocity and direction of the wind, and precipitation are influential on O3 concentration.


2022 ◽  
Vol 124 ◽  
pp. 123-147
Author(s):  
Karina Pryt

The Polish-Soviet War, particularly the Battle of Warsaw (13–25 August 1920), soon became a subject of legend and myth. Irrespective of its fundamental political significance, the defeat of the Red Army was glorified as salvation for both Poland and Europe in military, ideological and metaphysical terms. Conducted beyond academia, the narrative was forged mainly by veterans, the Catholic Church and various forms of literature and art. Due to government subsidies, documentary and feature films also conveyed a normative notion of these dramatic events and their participants. This article focuses on cinematic works like Dla Ciebie, Polsko [For You, o Poland, PL 1920], and Cud nad Wisłą [The Miracle on the Vistula, PL 1921] produced in order to commemorate the war between the Poles and the Bolsheviks. Taking the iconic turn, this article scrutinises the cinematic self-portrait of the Polish nation that had already been ‘imagined’ as a bulwark of European culture in the East by earlier literary works. Spotlighting protagonists who were given a place in the pantheon of national heroes, it also asks about those who were denigrated or marginalised like women and Jews. Finally, using quantitative methods and Geographical Information System (QGIS) as a tool, the article juxtaposes the maledominated, ethnically and confessional homogeneous ‘imagined nation’ with the film entrepreneurs and actual cinema audiences characterised by their diversity.


Author(s):  
I. Kuznetsov ◽  
E. Panidi ◽  
V. Korovka ◽  
A. Yakovlenko

Abstract. This article is aimed at expanding and deepening knowledge in GIS analysis for medical professionals. Key task of described research is to elaborate a methodology of 3D mapping and visualization of the multiflat buildings in order to study most socially valuable diseases on the apartment scale in the St. Petersburg city. The use of this methodology allows to avoid the aggregation of geographical information within one building, and, on the other hand, allows to move from a general assessment of the prevalence of the disease to specific cases. In this case, the methodology is considered as primary health care support. The paper describes elaborated approach to detailed 3D mapping of multiple disease hotbeds in multiflat buildings. Main benefit of the proposed set of data processing and mapping techniques is the capability of apartment-scale connectivity evaluation of the hotbeds inside multiflat buildings.


Author(s):  
Jum'ah Mohammad Alnanah Jum'ah Mohammad Alnanah

This study aimed to identify the effectiveness of using contemporary techniques in teaching geography course in government basic schools in Marka Directorate of Jordan: 1- That (46 out of 65, and the rate of 70.76%) confirmed the effectiveness of the use of information and communication technology in teaching geography, and that (44 out of 65, and the rate of 67.7%) confirmed the effectiveness of the use of geographical maps in the teaching of geography, and that (43 out of 65, and the rate of 66.15%) They emphasized the effectiveness of the use of geographical information systems in the teaching of geography. 2- That (19 out of 65, and a percentage of 29.24%) confirmed the ineffectiveness of using information and communication technology in teaching geography, and that (21 out of 65, and a percentage of 32.3%) confirmed the ineffectiveness of using geographical maps in teaching geography, and that (22 out of 65, and a percentage of 33.85%) confirmed the ineffectiveness of using geographical information systems in teaching geography. In light of the results, a number of recommendations and suggestions were presented, including: developing the skills of geography teachers to use information and communication, geographic maps, and geographical information systems in teaching.


2021 ◽  
Vol 39 (39) ◽  
pp. 84-95
Author(s):  
Grzegorz Diemientiew

The purpose of the article is to present various adverse events that may occur in connection with the loading, unloading and transport of dangerous substances. The focus was on finding the reasons for their formation and an analysis of the quantity and structure of the goods transported was carried out. It also describes the possibility of using the geographical information system, with particular regard to the risk situation during the transport of such substances.


Author(s):  
S. Ahi ◽  
A. Eymen

Abstract. Development movements bring along population movements. Investments in Istanbul make the city of Istanbul even more attractive. With the increasing population, the need for water is increasing day by day. Construction of the 3rd Istanbul Airport within the borders of Terkos Basin, which is one of the important drinking water resources of Istanbul, has caused land use changes in the basin. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing techniques have been used to examine this change. The data obtained through Remote Sensing can be easily analyzed in GIS environment.In this study, Landsat 8 satellite images of the years 2013, 2015 and 2020 were preferred in the examination of the temporal change of land use of the Terkos Basin. The satellite images obtained were classified using the controlled classification technique in the Envi program. Satellite images classified for the creation and analysis of land use maps have been transferred to the ArcGIS program. The changes in the classes determined according to the obtained results were examined, and the changes in question were revealed by spatial analysis. Suggestions have been made for the protection of the Terkos drinking water basin and ecosystem, which is extremely important for Istanbul.


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