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2022 ◽  
Vol 204 ◽  
pp. 112107
Author(s):  
Saurabh Shukla ◽  
Ramsha Khan ◽  
Abhishek Saxena ◽  
Selvam Sekar ◽  
Esmat F. Ali ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

Author(s):  
Shilpa Atwal ◽  
Jitender Thakur

Background: To study the use of guidelines in statins prescription at tertiary care centre of North India Methods: Study was conducted on Patients with indications for statins presenting to cardiology OPD,Medicine OPD and Endocrinology OPD and started on statins at PGIMER, Chandigarh, within a period of 9 months. Results: In our study, 81.9% of total study population were receiving statins according to guideline and 18.1% were receiving statins not according to guideline. In the primary prevention group,91(83.5%) patients were receiving statins according to guideline and 18(16.5%) were receiving not according to guideline. In the secondary prevention group, 108(80.6%) patients were receiving statins according to guideline and 26(19.4%) patients were receiving statins not according to guideline. Concluded: In our study, more than two third of patients in our study were receiving prescriptions according to guideline Keywords: Statin, Guideline, Use


2022 ◽  
Vol In Press (In Press) ◽  
Author(s):  
Bharath N Kumar ◽  
Rahul Pandey

Background: This study aimed to report the experience of performing minilaparotomy cholecystectomy in a peripheral hospital by a single surgeon. Methods: Data collected from 50 consecutive patients undergoing minilaparotomy cholecystectomy by a single surgeon over 18 months at a peripheral hospital were reviewed and studied. The recorded data encompassed demographics, operating time, incision size, conversion rate to open cholecystectomy, perioperative complications, and hospital stay duration. Results: Fifty consecutive patients, who underwent minilaparotomy cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis, were studied, among whom 48 patients were females. The participants’ mean age was 45 years. The length of the surgical incision was 4.5 - 6 cm, and only three patients required conversion to open cholecystectomy. The average operating time was 60 minutes; and the average postoperative hospital stay was 2.14 days. Conclusions: Minilaparotomy cholecystectomy is comparable with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of postoperative morbidity, and it is ideal for peripheral hospitals lacking laparoscopic facilities.


Author(s):  
Shilpa Atwal ◽  
Jitender Thakur

Background: To study the pattern of prescription of statins in a tertiary care centre. Methods: Study was conducted on Patients with indications for statins presenting to cardiology OPD, Medicine OPD and Endocrinology OPD and started on statins at PGIMER, Chandigarh, within a period of 9 months. Results: Atorvastatin was found to be more commonly prescribed (n=179), which is about73.7%compared to Rosuvastatin (n=64) which is about 26.3%. In our study, 75 (68.8%)patients of primary prevention group and 104(77.6%) patients of secondary prevention group were receiving Atorvastatin and 34 (31.2%) patients of primary prevention group and 30(22.4%)patients of secondary prevention were receiving Rosuvastatin on their prescription. Concluded: In our study, there were prescriptions with only Atorvastatin and Rosuvastatin. No prescription with other statins was found. Atorvastatin was being more commonly prescribed to rosuvastatin. Keywords: Statin, Atorvastatin, Rosuvastatin


Author(s):  
Shilpa Atwal ◽  
Jitender Thakur

Background: To determine the indications for which statins are being prescribed Methods: Study was conducted on Patients with indications for statins presenting to cardiology OPD,Medicine OPD and Endocrinology OPD and started on statins at PGIMER, Chandigarh, within a period of 9 months. Results: In our study, out of 243 prescriptions, 55.1%(n=134) were prescribed statins for secondary prevention and 44.9%(n=109) had statins prescribed for primary prevention. Overall coronary artery disease (37.03%) was the leading indication followed by Diabetes mellitus without ASCVD(70.64%).Other indications of secondary preventionincluded newly diagnosed statin naïve patients diagnosed with stable coronary artery disease ,unstable coronary artery disease /acute coronary artery disease , ischemic cardiovascular accidentsand peripheral arterial disease .64.22 percent patients in primary prevention group were diabetics in our study . Concluded: We concluded that secondary prevention was found to the more common indication of statin prescription than primary prevention (ratio 1.22:1). Keywords: Statin, CAD, Prevention


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 124-131
Author(s):  
Paraag Kumar

Background: Carcinoma esophagus is the 6th most common cancer in India with an incidence of 5.04% It most commonly affects older age individuals, with incidence peaking in seventh and eighth decades of life. Adenocarcinoma (AC) and Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are the two main histological variants. Our aim was to study the risk factors, clinical and epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with Esophageal Cancer from two tertiary care centres located in North India.Methods:This was a retrospective study carried in departments of gastroenterology of two tertiary care hospitals North India. Data was collected from respective institutes for the previous 1 year i.e. from 1st October 2020 to 30th September 2021. All patients presenting to Gastroenterology OPD or emergency with dysphagia who were diagnosed as having Carcinoma esophagus were included in the study.Results:A total of 106 patients were included in this study. There were 44 females & 66 males. The most common presenting complaint was Dysphagia (48%) followed by Loss of weight (26.4%), Vomiting (in 23.6%) and Odynophagia (22.6%). Involvement of the lower one third of the oesophagus was the most common (37.7%). SCC (Squamous Cell Carcinoma) was the most common type of oesophageal carcinoma in this study, seen approximately in 80% of cases.Conclusion:Our study from North India suggested poor oral hygiene as a strong risk for carcinoma esophagus Males were more commonly affected and SCC was the predominant variant.


2022 ◽  
pp. 097321792110688
Author(s):  
Geetanjali Pathak ◽  
Rahul Dixit ◽  
Niranjan K. Singh ◽  
Taruna Vijaywargiya ◽  
Narottam Lal

Aim To assess the level of stress and coping strategies in parents of neonates admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at a tertiary care centre in North India. Materials and methods It was a descriptive/observational cross-sectional study of 3 year duration with a sample size of 224. All parents willing to participate and who could understand English or Hindi were included in the study after the informed consent. Stress levels and coping strategies were assessed using a validated questionnaire between 2nd to 7th day of admission. Demographic data was collected and parental stress and coping was quantified using likert scale. The data was analyzed using SPSS Version 20.0. Results Most of the parents were moderately stressed (93.3%). The most impactful stress domain was ‘Emotional’ and the most impactful question out of that domain was ‘constant fear of child’s recovery’. Of all the coping strategies, cognitive strategy was mostly used by parents. There was a negative correlation between stress and coping strategies (r = –0.09) but the result was statistically insignificant (p-value = 0.16). Of all the demographic variables, the birth order of the baby was significantly related to stress (p-value < 0.05), while parent’s education, monthly family income and area of residence were significantly related to coping (p-value < 0.05, <0.05 and <0.001, respectively). Conclusion Most of the parents were moderately stressed, with cognitive strategy being the most used by parents as the coping mechanism.


Author(s):  
Parmod Kumar ◽  
Samaksh Sharma ◽  
Deepak Sundriyal ◽  
Shiv Charan Navria ◽  
Amit Sehrawat

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