Water Retention Curve
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Balin B. Robertson ◽  
Julie D. Gillespie ◽  
Sam T. Carrick ◽  
Peter C. Almond ◽  
John Payne ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 861 (7) ◽  
pp. 072140
Yi Liu ◽  
Guoqing Cai ◽  
Jian Li ◽  
Rui Yang ◽  
Chenggang Zhao

Jiangu Qian ◽  
Zhiqiang Lin ◽  
Zhenhao Shi

This paper presents a soil-water retention curve (SWRC) model for fine-grained soils. Compared with existing studies, the proposed model accounts for the distinct roles of the volume change of soils on capillarity and adsorption mechanisms. The capillary water is described by a relation that includes the characteristics of the pore-size distributions as parameters, while the absorbed water is modeled by a novel proposition that both considers the phenomenon of capillary condensation and allows for the decoupling between the degree of capillary and adsorptive saturation. Based on this feature, the void ratio effects are considered in a way in which they only affect capillary water, i.e., consistent with how volume change influences soil microstructures. The relative contributions of void ratio effects and hydraulic hysteresis on the path- and history-dependence of SWRC in Sr-s-e space for deformable unsaturated soils are examined. The significance of discriminating the effects of volume change on capillary and adsorptive water is illustrated by applying the SWRC model to computing the shear strength of unsaturated soils with different void ratios. The model performance is assessed by comparing against test data reported for four types of fine-grained soils and that tested for natural loess in this work.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Yan Gao ◽  
Kai Chang ◽  
Xuguang Xing ◽  
Jiaping Liang ◽  
Nian He ◽  

PurposeTraditional laboratory measurements of soil water diffusivity (D) and soil water retention curve (SWRC) are always time-consuming and labor-intensive. Therefore, this paper aims to present a simple and robust test method for determining D and SWRC without reducing accuracy.Design/methodology/approachIn this study, a D model of unsaturated soil was established based on Gardner–Russo model and then a combination of Gardner–Russo model with one-dimensional horizontal absorption method to obtain n and a parameters of Gardner–Russo model. One-dimensional horizontal absorption experiments on loam, silt loam and sandy clay loam were conducted to obtain the relationships between measured infiltration rate and cumulative infiltration with wetting front distance. Based on the obtained relationships, the measured infiltration data from the one-dimensional horizontal absorption tests were used to calculate n and a parameters and further constructing D and SWRC.FindingsBoth the calculated D and SWRC inversed from the infiltration data were in good agreement with the measured ones that obtained from the traditional horizontal absorption method and the centrifuge method, respectively. Error analysis indicated that only the infiltration data are enough to reliably synchronously determine D and SWRC.Originality/valueA simple and robust method is proposed for synchronous determination of soil water diffusivity and water retention curve.

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