dirichlet boundary conditions
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Mine Aylin Bayrak ◽  
Ali Demir ◽  
Ebru Ozbilge

The task of present research is to establish an enhanced version of residual power series (RPS) technique for the approximate solutions of linear and nonlinear space-time fractional problems with Dirichlet boundary conditions by introducing new parameter λ . The parameter λ allows us to establish the best numerical solutions for space-time fractional differential equations (STFDE). Since each problem has different Dirichlet boundary conditions, the best choice of the parameter λ depends on the problem. This is the major contribution of this research. The illustrated examples also show that the best approximate solutions of various problems are constructed for distinct values of parameter λ . Moreover, the efficiency and reliability of this technique are verified by the numerical examples.

2022 ◽  
Vol 47 (1) ◽  
pp. 305-324
Claudia Anedda ◽  
Fabrizio Cuccu

The subject of this paper is inspired by Cantrell and Cosner (1989) and Cosner, Cuccu and Porru (2013). Cantrell and Cosner (1989) investigate the dynamics of a population in heterogeneous environments by means of diffusive logistic equations. An important part of their study consists in finding sufficient conditions which guarantee the survival of the species. Mathematically, this task leads to the weighted eigenvalue problem \(-\Delta u =\lambda m u \) in a bounded smooth domain \(\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N\), \(N\geq 1\), under homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions, where \(\lambda \in \mathbb{R}\) and \(m\in L^\infty(\Omega)\). The domain \(\Omega\) represents the environment and \(m(x)\), called the local growth rate, says where the favourable and unfavourable habitats are located. Then, Cantrell and Cosner (1989) consider a class of weights \(m(x)\) corresponding to environments where the total sizes of favourable and unfavourable habitats are fixed, but their spatial arrangement is allowed to change; they determine the best choice among them for the population to survive. In our work we consider a sort of refinement of the result above. We write the weight \(m(x)\) as sum of two (or more) terms, i.e. \(m(x)=f_1(x)+f_2(x)\), where \(f_1(x)\) and \(f_2(x)\) represent the spatial densities of the two resources which contribute to form the local growth rate \(m(x)\). Then, we fix the total size of each resource allowing its spatial location to vary. As our first main result, we show that there exists an optimal choice of \(f_1(x)\) and \(f_2(x)\) and find the form of the optimizers. Our proof relies on some results in Cosner, Cuccu and Porru (2013) and on a new property (to our knowledge) about the classes of rearrangements of functions. Moreover, we show that if \(\Omega\) is Steiner symmetric, then the best arrangement of the resources inherits the same kind of symmetry. (Actually, this is proved in the more general context of the classes of rearrangements of measurable functions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (4) ◽  
pp. 35-48
A.S. Berdyshev ◽  
A.R. Ryskan ◽  

In this work, the solvability of the problem with Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions for the Gellerstedt equation in four variables is investigated. The energy integral method is used to prove the uniqueness of the solution to the problem. In addition to it, formulas for differentiation, autotransformation, and decomposition of hypergeometric functions are applied. The solution is obtained explicitly and is expressed by Lauricella’s hypergeometric function.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 26-30
Bojan Glushica ◽  
Andrijana Kuhar ◽  
Vesna Arnautovski Toseva

Laplace’s differential equation is one of the most important equations which describe the continuity of a system in various fields of engineering. As a system gets more complex, the need for solving this equation numerically rises. In this paper we present an accuracy investigation of three of the most significant numerical methods used in computational electromagnetics by applying them to solve Laplace’s differential equation in a two-dimensional domain with Dirichlet boundary conditions. We investigate the influence of discretization on the relative error obtained by applying each method. We point out advantages and disadvantages of the investigated computational methods with emphasis on the hardware requirements for achieving certain accuracy.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-30
Yulan Wang ◽  
Michael Winkler ◽  
Zhaoyin Xiang

The chemotaxis-Stokes system [Formula: see text] is considered subject to the boundary condition [Formula: see text] with [Formula: see text] and a given nonnegative function [Formula: see text]. In contrast to the well-studied case when the second requirement herein is replaced by a homogeneous Neumann boundary condition for [Formula: see text], the Dirichlet condition imposed here seems to destroy a natural energy-like property that has formed a core ingredient in the literature by providing comprehensive regularity features of the latter problem. This paper attempts to suitably cope with accordingly poor regularity information in order to nevertheless derive a statement on global existence within a generalized framework of solvability which involves appropriately mild requirements on regularity, but which maintains mass conservation in the first component as a key solution property.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Cholmin Sin

In this note, in 2D and 3D smooth bounded domain, we show the existence of strong solution for generalized Navier-Stokes equation modeling by p x -power law with Dirichlet boundary condition under the restriction 3 n / n + 2 n + 2 < p x < 2 n + 1 / n − 1 . In particular, if we neglect the convective term, we get a unique strong solution of the problem under the restriction 2 n + 1 / n + 3 < p x < 2 n + 1 / n − 1 , which arises from the nonflatness of domain.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 258
Areej Bin Sultan ◽  
Mohamed Jleli ◽  
Bessem Samet

We first consider the damped wave inequality ∂2u∂t2−∂2u∂x2+∂u∂t≥xσ|u|p,t>0,x∈(0,L), where L>0, σ∈R, and p>1, under the Dirichlet boundary conditions (u(t,0),u(t,L))=(f(t),g(t)),t>0. We establish sufficient conditions depending on σ, p, the initial conditions, and the boundary conditions, under which the considered problem admits no global solution. Two cases of boundary conditions are investigated: g≡0 and g(t)=tγ, γ>−1. Next, we extend our study to the time-fractional analogue of the above problem, namely, the time-fractional damped wave inequality ∂αu∂tα−∂2u∂x2+∂βu∂tβ≥xσ|u|p,t>0,x∈(0,L), where α∈(1,2), β∈(0,1), and ∂τ∂tτ is the time-Caputo fractional derivative of order τ, τ∈{α,β}. Our approach is based on the test function method. Namely, a judicious choice of test functions is made, taking in consideration the boundedness of the domain and the boundary conditions. Comparing with previous existing results in the literature, our results hold without assuming that the initial values are large with respect to a certain norm.

Meryem Kafnemer ◽  
Benmiloud Mebkhout ◽  
Frédéric Jean ◽  
Yacine Chitour

<p>In this paper, we study the L<sup>p</sup>-asymptotic stability of the one dimensional linear damped<br />wave equation with Dirichlet boundary conditions in <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"><mo>[</mo><mn>0</mn><mo>,</mo><mn>1</mn><mo>]</mo></math>, with <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"><mi>p</mi><mo>&#8712;</mo><mo>(</mo><mn>1</mn><mo>,</mo><mo>&#8734;</mo><mo>)</mo></math>. The damping<br />term is assumed to be linear and localized&nbsp; to an arbitrary open sub-interval of <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"><mo>[</mo><mn>0</mn><mo>,</mo><mn>1</mn><mo>]</mo></math>. We prove that the&nbsp;<br />semi-group <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"><msub><mi>S</mi><mi>p</mi></msub><mo>(</mo><mi>t</mi><msub><mo>)</mo><mrow><mi>t</mi><mo>&#8805;</mo><mn>0</mn></mrow></msub></math> associated with the previous equation is well-posed and exponentially stable.<br />The proof relies on the multiplier method and depends on whether <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"><mi>p</mi><mo>&#8805;</mo><mn>2</mn></math>&nbsp;or <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"><mn>1</mn><mo>&#60;</mo><mi>p</mi><mo>&#60;</mo><mn>2</mn></math>.</p>

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