approximate solutions
Recently Published Documents





Velin Kralev ◽  
Radoslava Kraleva ◽  
Viktor Ankov ◽  
Dimitar Chakalov

<span lang="EN-US">This research focuses on the k-center problem and its applications. Different methods for solving this problem are analyzed. The implementations of an exact algorithm and of an approximate algorithm are presented. The source code and the computation complexity of these algorithms are presented and analyzed. The multitasking mode of the operating system is taken into account considering the execution time of the algorithms. The results show that the approximate algorithm finds solutions that are not worse than two times optimal. In some case these solutions are very close to the optimal solutions, but this is true only for graphs with a smaller number of nodes. As the number of nodes in the graph increases (respectively the number of edges increases), the approximate solutions deviate from the optimal ones, but remain acceptable. These results give reason to conclude that for graphs with a small number of nodes the approximate algorithm finds comparable solutions with those founds by the exact algorithm.</span>

Ali Fareed Jameel ◽  
Hafed H Saleh ◽  
Amirah Azmi ◽  
Abedel-Karrem Alomari ◽  
Nidal Ratib Anakira ◽  

This paper aims to solve the nonlinear two-point fuzzy boundary value problem (TPFBVP) using approximate analytical methods. Most fuzzy boundary value problems cannot be solved exactly or analytically. Even if the analytical solutions exist, they may be challenging to evaluate. Therefore, approximate analytical methods may be necessary to consider the solution. Hence, there is a need to formulate new, efficient, more accurate techniques. This is the focus of this study: two approximate analytical methods-homotopy perturbation method (HPM) and the variational iteration method (VIM) is proposed. Fuzzy set theory properties are presented to formulate these methods from crisp domain to fuzzy domain to find approximate solutions of nonlinear TPFBVP. The presented algorithms can express the solution as a convergent series form. A numerical comparison of the mean errors is made between the HPM and VIM. The results show that these methods are reliable and robust. However, the comparison reveals that VIM convergence is quicker and offers a swifter approach over HPM. Hence, VIM is considered a more efficient approach for nonlinear TPFBVPs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Mine Aylin Bayrak ◽  
Ali Demir ◽  
Ebru Ozbilge

The task of present research is to establish an enhanced version of residual power series (RPS) technique for the approximate solutions of linear and nonlinear space-time fractional problems with Dirichlet boundary conditions by introducing new parameter λ . The parameter λ allows us to establish the best numerical solutions for space-time fractional differential equations (STFDE). Since each problem has different Dirichlet boundary conditions, the best choice of the parameter λ depends on the problem. This is the major contribution of this research. The illustrated examples also show that the best approximate solutions of various problems are constructed for distinct values of parameter λ . Moreover, the efficiency and reliability of this technique are verified by the numerical examples.

2022 ◽  
Penghui Song ◽  
Wenming Zhang ◽  
Lei Shao

Abstract It is highly desired yet challenging to obtain analytical approximate solutions to strongly nonlinear oscillators accurately and efficiently. Here we propose a new approach, which combines the homtopy concept with a “residue-regulating” technique to construct a continuous homotopy from an initial guess solution to a high-accuracy analytical approximation of the nonlinear problems, namely the residue regulating homotopy method (RRHM). In our method, the analytical expression of each order homotopy-series solution is associated with a set of base functions which are pre-selected or generated during the previous order of approximations, while the corresponding coefficients are solved from deformation equations specified by the nonlinear equation itself and auxiliary residue functions. The convergence region, rate and final accuracy of the homotopy are controlled by a residue-regulating vector and an expansion threshold. General procedures of implementing RRHM are demonstrated using the Duffing and Van der Pol-Duffing oscillators, where approximate solutions containing abundant frequency components are successfully obtained, yielding significantly better convergence rate and performance stability compared to the other conventional homotopy-based methods.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 ◽  
pp. 20-31
Jacob Nagler

An approximate simplified analytic solution is proposed for the one DOF (degree of freedom) static and dynamic displacements alongside the stiffness (dynamic and static) and damping coefficients (minimum and maximum/critical values) of a parallel spring-damper suspension system connected to a solid mass-body gaining its energy by falling from height h. The analytic solution for the prescribed system is based on energy conservation equilibrium, considering the impact by a special G parameter. The formulation is based on the works performed by Timoshenko (1928), Mindlin (1945), and the U. S. army-engineering handbook (1975, 1982). A comparison between the prescribed studies formulations and current development has led to qualitative agreement. Moreover, quantitative agreement was found between the current prescribed suspension properties approximate value - results and the traditionally time dependent (transient, frequency) parameter properties. Also, coupling models that concerns the linkage between different work and energy terms, e.g., the damping energy, friction work, spring potential energy and gravitational energy model was performed. Moreover, approximate analytic solution was proposed for both cases (friction and coupling case), whereas the uncoupling and the coupling cases were found to agree qualitatively with the literature studies. Both coupling and uncoupling solutions were found to complete each other, explaining different literature attitudes and assumptions. In addition, some design points were clarified about the wire mounting isolators stiffness properties dependent on their physical behavior (compression, shear tension), based on Cavoflex catalog. Finally, the current study aims to continue and contribute the suspension, package cushioning and containers studies by using an initial simple pre – design analytic evaluation of falling mass- body (like cushion, containers, etc.).

Jorge Tabanera ◽  
Inés Luque ◽  
Samuel L. Jacob ◽  
Massimiliano Esposito ◽  
Felipe Barra ◽  

Abstract Collisional reservoirs are becoming a major tool for modelling open quantum systems. In their simplest implementation, an external agent switches on, for a given time, the interaction between the system and a specimen from the reservoir. Generically, in this operation the external agent performs work onto the system, preventing thermalization when the reservoir is at equilibrium. One can recover thermalization by considering an autonomous global setup where the reservoir particles colliding with the system possess a kinetic degree of freedom. The drawback is that the corresponding scattering problem is rather involved. Here, we present a formal solution of the problem in one dimension and for flat interaction potentials. The solution is based on the transfer matrix formalism and allows one to explore the symmetries of the resulting scattering map. One of these symmetries is micro-reversibility, which is a condition for thermalization. We then introduce two approximations of the scattering map that preserve these symmetries and, consequently, thermalize the system. These relatively simple approximate solutions constitute models of quantum thermostats and are useful tools to study quantum systems in contact with thermal baths. We illustrate their accuracy in a specific example, showing that both are good approximations of the exact scattering problem even in situations far from equilibrium. Moreover, one of the models consists of the removal of certain coherences plus a very specific randomization of the interaction time. These two features allow one to identify as heat the energy transfer due to switching on and off the interaction. Our results prompt the fundamental question of how to distinguish between heat and work from the statistical properties of the exchange of energy between a system and its surroundings.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-20
Khadijeh Sadri ◽  
Hossein Aminikhah

This work devotes to solving a class of delay fractional partial differential equations that arises in physical, biological, medical, and climate models. For this, a numerical scheme is implemented that applies operational matrices to convert the main problem into a system of algebraic equations; then, solving the resultant system leads to an approximate solution. The two-variable Chebyshev polynomials of the sixth kind, as basis functions in the proposed method, are constructed by the one-variable ones, and their operational matrices are derived. Error bounds of approximate solutions and their fractional and classical derivatives are computed. With the aid of these bounds, a bound for the residual function is estimated. Three illustrative examples demonstrate the simplicity and efficiency of the proposed method.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Ming-Jing Du

It is well known that the appearance of the delay in the fractional delay differential equation (FDDE) makes the convergence analysis very difficult. Dealing with the problem with the traditional reproducing kernel method (RKM) is very tricky. The feature of this paper is to gain a more credible approximate solution via fractional Taylor’s series (FTS). We use the FTS to deal with the delay for improving the accuracy of the approximate solutions. Compared with other methods, the five numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method in this paper.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 19
Mohamed A. Abdelkawy ◽  
Ahmed Z. M. Amin ◽  
António M. Lopes ◽  
Ishak Hashim ◽  
Mohammed M. Babatin

We propose a fractional-order shifted Jacobi–Gauss collocation method for variable-order fractional integro-differential equations with weakly singular kernel (VO-FIDE-WSK) subject to initial conditions. Using the Riemann–Liouville fractional integral and derivative and fractional-order shifted Jacobi polynomials, the approximate solutions of VO-FIDE-WSK are derived by solving systems of algebraic equations. The superior accuracy of the method is illustrated through several numerical examples.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document