Poverty is a dangerous social problem which puts man under trial dissuading him from his religion and compromising his dignity and character. It is a potential threat to the peace and stability of society. Islam has enjoined upon the state as well as community to share the responsibility of eliminating poverty from society. The Quran and the Sunnah identify the ways and means by which this responsibility should be carried out. The economic philosophy of Islamic aims, in the first place, to eliminate poverty by providing the basic human needs, narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor, and developing the resources of the earth for the welfare of human beings for whom every thing in heaven and earth is made subservient.within the boundaries of its economic philosophy. Islam has contrived many ways to care the problem of poverty. Some of these are responsibility of the Islamic welfare state, others are to be fulfilled by the society and some are shared obligation of both Islamic welfare state and society.
Details of Madani era are available in the chronicles of history & Sīrah, but this aspect is somewhat terse research, as to when did the efforts to establish the state of Madinah begin? Obviously, the establishment of the state of Madinah is not a coincidence but it was already been planned for, efforts have been made for its establishment and It must have been a reaction too. Therefore, in the Mecca era when did the Holy Prophet think of establishing a state? On what occasions did he express it? Did his opponents understand his thinking? Who they were and how they reacted? What was the ruling of Allah to him in this regard? This article enlights all the above-mentioned aspects and concludes that the establishment of the state of Madinah is not an accident, but the result of Prophet’s constant struggle in the Mecca period, which he has expressed on various occasions. Arab leaders, as well as Jews of Madinah, knew about the prophet's views for the establishment of a state in the near future and opposed him either by creating obstacles in the preaching of Islam or by removing the shreds of evidence from the previous religious literature such as Bible.
Taqi ad Din Ahamad ibn Taymiyyah remarkable, recognized and medieval Sunni Theologian, jurisconsult , logician and great reformer.Today,he is known by the title of Sheikh-ul-Islam. He was the member of Hanbali School of jurisprudence and well known personality and figure in his own life period. He had great and matchless command and mastery overall knowledge of that time. He led the Muslims community of his age in every field of life. This made him unpopular with majority scholar of the time. Therefore, he was imprisoned several times. See, the miracles of the nature, he died in prison. He adopted a separate way of Islamic jurisprudence in that research .By this he had his own opinions and thoughts about jurisprudence, some of these are different from four schools of jurisprudence. His different opinions and thoughts are called"Fiqhi tafarudat" "فقہی تفرداتّ" which are on the base of Quran and Sunnah.